Lenin Collected Works:
Preface by Progress Publishers
Volume Thirteen contains works written by Lenin between June 1907
and April 1908.
The articles “Against Boycott”, “Notes of a
Publicist”, “Revolution and Counter-Revolution”,
“The Third Duma”, “Political Notes”, and
“The New Agrarian Policy” are devoted to an analysis and
appraisal of the political situation in Russia after the defeat of
the first revolution and to defining the tasks of the Party
organisations during the period of reaction. In these articles, as
well as in the speeches delivered at the St. Petersburg and
All-Russian conferences of the R.S.D.L.P., which are published in
this volume, Lenin also formulated the aims of the Duma tactics of
the Bolsheviks at that new stage.
The volume includes such important works of Lenin on the agrarian
question as The Agrarian Question and the “Critics of
Marx” (Chapters X-XII) and The Agrarian Programme of
Social-Democracy in the First Russian Revolution 1905-1907.
Included in the volume is the Preface to the first, three- volume
collection of Lenin's writings, entitled Twelve Years,
which was not published in full owing to persecution by the
censorship. The Preface is a short review of the history of Lenin's
struggle for revolutionary Marxism against liberalism ·and
The volume contains the article “Trade-Union Neutrality”
in which Lenin criticises the opportunism of Plekhanov and the
Mensheviks, who attempted to make the labour movement in Russia take
the path of trade-unionism.
Two articles under the same title “The International Socialist
Congress in Stuttgart” reflect the struggle waged
by Lenin and the Bolsheviks against opportunism in the international
labour movement. The articles expose the deviations of the German
Social-Democrats from the positions of revolutionary Marxism.
For the first time in any collection of Lenin's works, this volume
contains the draft resolution of the Third Conference of the
R.S.D.L.P. ("Second All-Russian") on the question of
participation in the elections to the Third Duma, “Outline of
a Draft Resolution on the All-Russian Congress of Trade
Unions”, the note “On Plekhanov's Article”, and
“Statement of the Editors of Proletary”.
In the “Preface to the Pamphlet by Voinov (A. V. Lunacharsky)
on the Attitude of the Party Towards the Trade Unions”, also
included for the first time in Lenin's Collect ed Works,
Lenin opposes the slogan of “neutrality” of the trade
unions and urges the necessity of close alignment of the trade
unions with the Party with a view to developing the socialist
consciousness of the proletariat and educating the latter in the
spirit of revolutionary Social-Democracy.