MIA: History: USA: Publications: Labor Defender


Labor Defender

Journal of the International Labor Defense


International Labor Defense (ILD) was the consolidated legal defense mass organization headed by the Workers Party of America from 1925. It replaced the Labor Defense Council, the WPA's previous mass organization formed for purposes of legal defense. The ILD began with a discussion between James P. Cannon and "Big Bill" Haywood in Haywood's room in Moscow in 1925. Cannon recalls that "the old fighter, who was exiled from America with a 20-year old sentence handing over him was deeply concerned about the persecution of workers in America. He wanted to have something done for the almost forgotten men lying in jail all over the country." [fn. James P. Cannon, The First Ten Years of American Communism. (NY: Lyle Stuart, 1960), pg. 162.] A plan was arrived at for a non-partisan body that would defend any member of the working class movement, without regard to personal political views. Any working class activist who came under the thumb of persecution by the capitalist legal system would be supported legally, morally, and financially. After preliminary negotiations in Moscow, an agreement was reached outlining the procedure for organizing the ILD and outlining its relationship to two Comintern-related international aid organizations, International Red Aid (MOPR) and International Worlers' Relief (WIR).

This magazine was published monthly by the International Labor Defense (ILD), a Communist Patry led partisan defense organization but, with broad based support and oversight, designed to provide legal assistance for strikers and other workers imprisoned during labor struggles.

The National Committee of the ILD was composed of: Upton Sinclair, Eugene V. Debs, Scott Nearing, Wm. Z. Foster, Robert W. Dunn, A. T. McNamara, Fred Merrick, Edw. C. Wentworth, Bishop Wm. M. Brown, Rose Karsner, William F. Dunne, George Maurer, Alice Stone Blackwell, Ellen Hayes, Chas. E. Ruthenberg, Robert Minor, Rose Baron, Wm. Mollenhauer, Henry Corbishley, Mandel Shuchter, Dan Stevens, Benj. Gitlow, Robert Whittaker, Cora Meyers, F. G. Biedenkapp, David Rhys Williams, Fred Mann, John Edenstrom, Dovett Port-Whelteman, Jacob Dolla, James P. Cannon, E. R. Meitzen, J. O. Bentall, Ralph Chanlin. Max Bedacht, William Bouck, John T. Taylor.


Special Note of thanks to the following individuals and institutions that made copies of the Labor Defender available and help scan and process them for this archive: Dr. Marty Goodman of the The Riazanov Project, Rod Holt and David Walters from the The Holt Labor Library, and Tim Davenport of the Early American Marxism archive


Labor Defender Pamphlet Series

The Story of the Imperial Valley by Frank Spector (with an introduction by John Dos Pasos)—
I.L.D. Pamphlet No. 3
Night Riders in Gallupby Louis Colman
Tampa’s Reign of Terrorby Anita Brenner and S. S. Windthrop
Smash the Frame up Against the Anthracite Miners—
Free Boniat, Mendola and Moleski!
by B. F. Gebert


A Collection of Covers for the Labor Defender



Table of Contents

Labor Defender
January 1926 Volume 1, No. 1

Published by the International Labor Defense
T. J. O' Flaherty, Editor
George Maurer, Bus. Mgr.
National Officers:
Andrew T. McNamara, Chairman; James P. Cannon, Exectutive Secretary.




Labor Defender
February 1926 Volume 1, No. 2

Published by the International Labor Defense
T. J. O' Flaherty, Editor
George Maurer, Bus. Mgr.
National Officers:
Andrew T. McNamara, Chairman; James P. Cannon, Exectutive Secretary.




Labor Defender
March 1926 Volume 1, No. 3

Published by the International Labor Defense
T. J. O' Flaherty, Editor
George Maurer, Bus. Mgr.
National Officers:
Andrew T. McNamara, Chairman; Edw. C. Wentworth, Vice-Chariman; James P. Cannon, Exectutive Secretary.




Labor Defender
April 1926 Volume 1, No. 4

Published by the International Labor Defense
T. J. O' Flaherty, Editor
George Maurer, Bus. Mgr.
National Officers:
Andrew T. McNamara, Chairman; Edw. C. Wentworth, Vice-Chariman; James P. Cannon, Exectutive Secretary.




Labor Defender
May 1926 Volume 1, No. 5

Published by the International Labor Defense
T. J. O' Flaherty, Editor
George Maurer, Bus. Mgr.
National Officers:
Andrew T. McNamara, Chairman; Edw. C. Wentworth, Vice-Chariman; James P. Cannon, Exectutive Secretary.




Labor Defender
June 1926 Volume 1, No. 6

Published by the International Labor Defense
T. J. O' Flaherty, Editor
George Maurer, Bus. Mgr.
National Officers:
Andrew T. McNamara, Chairman; Edw. C. Wentworth, Vice-Chariman; James P. Cannon, Exectutive Secretary.




Labor Defender
July 1926 Volume 1, No. 7

Published by the International Labor Defense
T. J. O' Flaherty, Editor
George Maurer, Bus. Mgr.
National Officers:
Andrew T. McNamara, Chairman; Edw. C. Wentworth, Vice-Chariman; James P. Cannon, Exectutive Secretary.




Labor Defender
August 1926 Volume 1, No. 8

Published by the International Labor Defense
T. J. O' Flaherty, Editor
George Maurer, Bus. Mgr.
National Officers:
Andrew T. McNamara, Chairman; Edw. C. Wentworth, Vice-Chariman; James P. Cannon, Exectutive Secretary.




Labor Defender
September 1926 Volume 1, No. 9

Published by the International Labor Defense
Max Shactman, Editor
George Maurer, Bus. Mgr.
National Officers:
Andrew T. McNamara, Chairman; Edw. C. Wentworth, Vice-Chariman; James P. Cannon, Exectutive Secretary.




Labor Defender
October 1926 Volume 1, No. 10

Published by the International Labor Defense
Max Shactman, Editor
George Maurer, Bus. Mgr.
National Officers:
Andrew T. McNamara, Chairman; Edw. C. Wentworth, Vice-Chariman; James P. Cannon, Exectutive Secretary.




Labor Defender
November 1926 Volume 1, No. 11

Published by the International Labor Defense
Max Shactman, Editor
George Maurer, Bus. Mgr.
National Officers:
Elizabeth Gurely Flynn, Chairman; Edw. C. Wentworth, Vice-Chariman; James P. Cannon, Exectutive Secretary.




Labor Defender
December 1926 Volume 1, No. 12

Published by the International Labor Defense
Max Shactman, Editor
George Maurer, Bus. Mgr.
National Officers:
Elizabeth Gurely Flynn, Chairman; Edw. C. Wentworth, Vice-Chariman; James P. Cannon, Exectutive Secretary.




Labor Defender
January 1927 Volume 2, No. 1

Published by the International Labor Defense
Max Shactman, Editor
George Maurer, Bus. Mgr.
National Officers:
Elizabeth Gurely Flynn, Chairman; Edw. C. Wentworth, Vice-Chariman; James P. Cannon, Exectutive Secretary.




Labor Defender
February 1927 Volume 2, No. 2

Published by the International Labor Defense
Max Shactman, Editor
George Maurer, Bus. Mgr.
National Officers:
Elizabeth Gurely Flynn, Chairman; Edw. C. Wentworth, Vice-Chariman; James P. Cannon, Exectutive Secretary.




Labor Defender
March 1927 Volume 2, No. 3

Published by the International Labor Defense
Max Shactman, Editor
George Maurer, Bus. Mgr.
National Officers:
Elizabeth Gurely Flynn, Chairman; Edw. C. Wentworth, Vice-Chariman; James P. Cannon, Exectutive Secretary.




Labor Defender
April 1927 Volume 2, No. 4

Published by the International Labor Defense
Max Shactman, Editor
George Maurer, Bus. Mgr.
National Officers:
Elizabeth Gurely Flynn, Chairman; Edw. C. Wentworth, Vice-Chariman; James P. Cannon, Exectutive Secretary.




Labor Defender
May 1927 Volume 2, No. 5

Published by the International Labor Defense
Max Shactman, Editor
George Maurer, Bus. Mgr.
National Officers:
Elizabeth Gurely Flynn, Chairman; Edw. C. Wentworth, Vice-Chariman; James P. Cannon, Exectutive Secretary.




Labor Defender
June 1927 Volume 2, No. 6

Published by the International Labor Defense
Max Shactman, Editor
George Maurer, Bus. Mgr.
National Officers:
Elizabeth Gurely Flynn, Chairman; Edw. C. Wentworth, Vice-Chariman; James P. Cannon, Exectutive Secretary.




Labor Defender
July 1927 Volume 2, No. 7

Published by the International Labor Defense
Max Shactman, Editor
George Maurer, Bus. Mgr.
National Officers:
Elizabeth Gurely Flynn, Chairman; Edw. C. Wentworth, Vice-Chariman; James P. Cannon, Exectutive Secretary.




Labor Defender
August 1927 Volume 2, No. 8

Published by the International Labor Defense
Max Shactman, Editor
George Maurer, Bus. Mgr.
National Officers:
Elizabeth Gurely Flynn, Chairman; Edw. C. Wentworth, Vice-Chariman; James P. Cannon, Exectutive Secretary.




Labor Defender
September 1927 Volume 2, No. 9

Published by the International Labor Defense
Max Shactman, Editor
George Maurer, Bus. Mgr.
National Officers:
Elizabeth Gurely Flynn, Chairman; Edw. C. Wentworth, Vice-Chariman; James P. Cannon, Exectutive Secretary.




Labor Defender
October 1927 Volume 2, No. 10

Published by the International Labor Defense
Max Shactman, Editor
George Maurer, Bus. Mgr.
National Officers:
Elizabeth Gurely Flynn, Chairman; Edw. C. Wentworth, Vice-Chariman; James P. Cannon, Exectutive Secretary.




Labor Defender
November 1927 Volume 2, No. 11

Published by the International Labor Defense
Max Shactman, Editor
George Maurer, Bus. Mgr.
National Officers:
Elizabeth Gurely Flynn, Chairman; Edw. C. Wentworth, Vice-Chariman; James P. Cannon, Exectutive Secretary.




Labor Defender
December 1927 Volume 2, No. 12

Published by the International Labor Defense
Max Shactman, Editor
George Maurer, Bus. Mgr.
National Officers:
Elizabeth Gurely Flynn, Chairman; Edw. C. Wentworth, Vice-Chariman; James P. Cannon, Exectutive Secretary.