Reference Writers: Errico Malatesta

Marxists’ Internet Archive

Errico Malatesta

1853 – 1932

“We want to bring about a society in which men will consider each other as brothers and by mutual support will achieve the greatest well-being and freedom as well as physical and intellectual development for all ...”
Mutual Aid, 1909


Born in southern Italy in 1853, into a growing mood of republicanism, Malatesta soon saw the need for a more profound change in society, and in 1871 joined the Italian section of the International, where he linked up with the anarchist faction of the International.

Repeatedly forced into exile because of his political opinions he spent long periods in exile in various European countries, in Argentina and in the United States. In all he spent only about half his life in his native country.

During the First World War he argued strongly that anarchists should not take sides between the capitalist imperaislist powers. In 1919 he was able to return to Italy where he established the first anarchist daily paper, Umanità Nova. Even after the fascist seizure of power Malatesta continued, with difficulty, to bring out a journal, Pensiero e Volontà , until all independent newspapers and magazines were closed down in 1926. He spent the last 5 years of his life under house arrest.



Anarchy (pamphlet)


Anarchism and Organization


Mutual Aid – An Essay


The Tragic Bandits


The Idea of Good Government

6 Sept. 1921

The Revolutionary “Haste”

16 Sept. 1921

Further thoughts on the question of crime

20 Sept. 1921

Class struggle or class hatred?

26 Aug. 1922

What is to be done?

7 Oct. 1922

Revolution in practice

14 Oct. 1922

Further Thoughts on Revolution in Practice

Mar. 1924

Democracy and Anarchy

10 May 1924

Editorial Mail

Aug. 1924

Note to the article Individualism and Anarchism by Adamas

Apr./May 1925

Syndicalism and Anarchism

Dec. 1925

The Labour Movement and Anarchism

Mar. 1926

Further Thoughts on Anarchism and the Labour Movement

May 1926

Neither Democrats, nor Dictators: Anarchists

Oct. 1927

A Project of Anarchist Organisation

Dec. 1929

Reply to Nestor Makhno

June 1930

The anarchists in the present time

Oct. 1930

Against the constituent assembly as against the dictatorship


Towards Anarchism


We have so far been unable to date the following texts. We would be grateful for any assistance.



Anarchist Propaganda


Majorities and Minorities

Last updated on 15.7.2004