NOTEBOOK VII: The Chapter on Capital (continuation)
1. The manuscript has: ‘… now appears as circulating capital (the first two) and fixed capital’.
2. Hodgskin, Labour Defended, p. 16.
3. ‘als hätt es Lieb im Leibe’, Goethe, Faust, Pt I, Act 5, Auerbach’s Cellar in Leipzig.
4. See p. 688, n. 77.
5. Fourier, Le Nouveau Monde industriel et sociétaire, Vol. VI, pp. 242–52.
6. The author referred to here may be J. F. Hodges, who wrote Lessons on Agricultural Chemistry (1849), and First Steps to Practical Chemistry for Agricultural Students (1857); or Marx may have intended to write ‘Hodgskin’.
7. De Quincey, The Logic of Political Economy, p. 114.
8. Babbage, Traité sur l’économie des machines et des manufactures, pp. 375–6.
9. See below pp. 843–5.
10. The Economist, Vol. V, No. 219, 6 November 1847, p.1271.
11. The Economist, Vol. V, No. 219, 6 November 1847, p. 1271.
13. The first part of this quotation is taken over by Storch from the French edition of Adam Smith, Vol. II, p. 207 (see above, p. 728); the whole quotation, with the addition of Storch’s remark about revenue, is to be found in Storch, Cours d’économie politique, Vol. I, p. 246.
14. Cf. Hegel, Science of Logic, p. 746: ‘The relation of the activity of the end through the means to the external object is … an immediate relation of the middle term to the other extreme. It is immediate because the middle term has an external object in it and the other extreme is another such object.’
15. Sir Frederick Morton Eden, Bt (1766–1809) was inspired by the high prices of 1794 and 1795 to make the first ever investigation into working-class history. ‘The only disciple of Adam Smith throughout the eighteenth century who produced anything of importance’ (Marx).
16. The passages from Eden’s book (Vol. I, Bk 1) are as follows, beginning with the passage on p. 735 of the present edition: pp. 1–2; pp. 57–61; pp. 75–6; p. 100; p. 101.
17. Adam Smith, Recherches sur la nature et les causes de la richesse des nations, Vol. II, p. 226.
18. Adam Smith, Recherches sur la nature et les causes de la richesse des nations, Vol. II, pp. 197–8.
19. Say, Traité d’économie politique, Vol. II, p. 185.
20. See above, pp. 333–53.
21. The sentence preceding this one was inserted by Marx, above the line, in English; thus the apparent virtual repetition. (The sentence following also appears in English in the original.)