Messali Hadj 1933
Program of l’Etoile Nord-Africaine
Source: Messali Hadj par les textes; textes choisis et presentés par Jacques Simon. Editions Bouchéne, 2000;
Translated: for marxists.org by Mitch Abidor.
Immediate abolition of the odious Code de l’Indigénat and all measures of exception;
Amnesty for all those who are imprisoned, under special surveillance or exiled for infractions to the Indigénat or for political crimes;
- Absolute freedom to travel to France and overseas;
- Freedom of the press, association, gathering, political and union rights;
- Replacement of the Financial Delegations elected through a restricted suffrage by an Algerian Parliament elected through universal suffrage;
- Suppression of mixed communes and military territories. Replacement of these organisms by municipal assemblies elected through universal suffrage;
- Access to all public functions for all Algerians without any distinctions. Equal function, equal pay for all;
- Mandatory instruction in the Arab language. Access to learning at all levels. Creation of new Arabic schools. All official acts should be simultaneously published in Arabic and French;
- In the matter of military service, total respect for the Koranic verse that says: “He who deliberately kills a Muslim is destined to hell for all eternity and merits rage and malediction.”
- Application of social and labor laws. The right to unemployment insurance and family pensions for Algerian families in Algeria. Immediate granting of social insurance.
- Granting of agricultural credit to small fellahs, and a more rational organization of irrigation. Development of means of communication. Non-reimbursable assistance to the victims of periodic famines.
- The total independence of Algeria;
- Total withdrawal of occupation troops;
- Constitution of a national army.
Revolutionary national government:
- A constitutional assembly elected through universal suffrage;
- Universal suffrage at all levels and the eligibility of Algerians for all assemblies;
- The Arabic language shall be considered an official language;
- The hand over to the Algerian state of the banks, mines, railroads, ports and public services taken by the conquerors;
- The confiscation of great properties taken by feudalists allied to the conquerors, the colonists and financial societies, and the return of confiscated land to the peasants. Respect for middle-sized and small property. The return to the Algerian state of Algerian lands and forests taken by the French state;
- Free and mandatory instruction at all levels in Arabic;
- Recognition by the Algerian state of the right to unions, coalitions and strikes; the elaboration of social laws.
- Immediate assistance to fellahs by the granting to agriculture of interest-free credits for the purchase of machinery, seed, and fertilizer; the organization of immigration and the improvement of means of communication, etc.