Encyclopedia of Trotskyism On-Line: Revolutionary History, Vol. 7 No. 2

Reader’s Notes

Soviet Union and Stalinism

Rouge, 16 April 1998: Michel Lequenne, Un nouveau négationnisme, more on the French ‘black book’ of Stalin’s crimes. See also Emile Fabrol, Un livre vraiment noir!; Jean Jacques Karman, Que conserver du bolchevisme?, Prométhée, first quarter 1998.

Independent, 22 April 1998: Phil Reeves, Secret Tunnel Shows How Stalin Could Have Been Victim of Police.

Independent, 4 May 1998: Anne McElvoy, The Students of Prague, Not Paris, Were the True Heroes of 1968, nasty insinuation that the British left didn’t support them.

Guardian, 2 May 1998: James Meek, Ghosts of Cruel Past Haunt Russia, Kolchak remembered.

Rouge, 7 May 1998: Pierre Rousset, Aux sources du régime khmer rouge, the origins of Pol Pot’s movement.

Guardian, 23 May 1998: James Meek, The Affair that Launched the Great Terror, doubts about the official story of Kirov’s death.

Independent, 5 June 1998: Phil Reeves, Fight to Clear Stalin’s Butcher, attempt to rehabilitate Yezhov fails. See also James Meek, Top Court Spurns Appeal on Behalf of Stalin’s Killer, Guardian, same date.

The Times, 14 June 1998: Michael Binyon, Lenin’s Niece, 75, Fights to Keep Flat.

Guardian, 19 June 1998: Jonathan Romney, Rest Assured, Comrades, Stalin’s dacha and museum.

Guardian, 22 June 1998: James Meek, Trotsky Blamed for Murder of One of Russia’s Greatest Poets, anti-Semitic slurs in Russia.

Independent, 22 June 1998: Louise Jury, Russia Allows Access to Files on Letter that Helped Bring Down Government, the Zinoviev letter. See also Peter Moyes, Zinoviev Myth, in 25 June issue.

Weekly Worker, 25 June 1998: George Plekhanov, obituary from The Call, 20 June 1918.

Sunday Times, 28 June 1998: Mark Franchetti, Stalin’s Forgotten Prisoners, Vorkuta veterans.

Workers Power, June 1998: Kate Foster, The Revolution Betrayed, the Prague Spring. See also Manny Thain, Prague 68: The First Buds of Revolution, Socialism Today, July-August.

Workers Action, June-July 1998: Richard Price, Claude McKay and the Russian Revolution; Claude McKay, Extract from A Long Way Home, meeting Trotsky; Leon Trotsky, Letter to Claude McKay, 13 March 1923.

Workers International Press, Spring 1998: Balázs Nagy, The Workers Were the Backbone of the Hungarian Revolution.

Informations ouvrières, 8 July 1998: Jean-Jacques Marie, David Riazanov, fusillé par Staline en 1938.

Informations ouvrières, 15 July 1998: Jean-Jacques Marie, L’assassinat de Léon Sedov, fils de Léon Trotsky.

Independent, 18 July 1998: Robert Service, Man in the Mausoleum Who Must Also be Buried, burying Lenin’s mummy.

Sunday Times, 19 July 1998: Christine Toomey, Coming Up Roses, Tina Modotti, a Stalinist gangster’s moll.

Informations ouvrières, 22 July 1998: Mark Golovznine, 1936–1938: Staline lance la chasse aux “Trotskystes”.

Independent, 7 August 1998: Norman Stone, Russia Was Better Off Under the Tsars.

Independent, 14 August 1998: John Morrish, Stalin’s Little Prisoner, Bill Rust’s daughter and her incarceration.

The Times, 19 August 1998: Roger Boyes, Dubcek “Victim of KGB Assassins”.

Sunday Telegraph, 23 August 1998: Francis Harris, “Velvet Justice” for Traitors Who Crushed 1968 Prague Spring.

New Interventions, Summer 1998: Soria Serebriakova, Martemian Nikitich Riutin; Paul Flewers, Missing From History, the Warsaw Uprising; Roger Cottrell, Reflections on October 1917.

Socialist Outlook, Summer 1998: Charlie Van Gelderen, Dimitrov: A Stooge of Stalin.

News and Letters, August–September 1998: Stephen Steiger, Forgotten Heritage of 1968; Raya Dunayevskaya, Recollecting the Legacy of “Socialism with a Human Face”.

The Times, 3 September 1998: Norman Stone, A Return to the Bad Old Bolsheviks.

Independent, 4 September 1998: Adam Lebor, I Saw that Tsar in the Back of a Carriage Once, interview with Natalia Puhlimskaya, daughter of Civil War Soviet delegate who was later purged.

Weekly Worker, 17 September 1998: Comrade Litvinov and His Case, Litvinov’s arrest in Britain, from The Call, 19 September 1918.

Observer, 20 September 1998: Shyam Battia, How Lenin Trumped Ace of Spies, MI5 archives and Sidney Reilly; Martin Bright, Spy Who Toppled Khrushchev Looks Back to the Future, Vladimir Semichastny, KGB head during 1961–67.

Guardian, 23 September 1998: Companion of Che Found, remains of Laura Gutiérrez Bauer found in Vallegrande.

Sunday Times, 27 September 1998: Ted Heath, Arming the Fascists, Stalin and Mao.

Workers Hammer, September–October 1998: 1959 Statement on Tibet: Trotskyist Youth Protest US Moves Against Mao’s China, from US Young Socialist, June 1959.

The Times, 1 October 1998: Nick Nuttall, Pollen Clue Ends Massacre Mystery, identification of graves of Soviet soldiers who mutinied against the suppression of the East Berlin uprising in 1953. See also Grave Mystery Finally Solved, Guardian, same date.

Guardian, 2 October 1998: Richard Norton-Taylor, Churchill Plotted Invasion of Russia, preparing for more than a Cold War.

International Socialist Forum, October 1998. Cyril Smith, Mészáros on Lenin.

Workers Action, October 1998: The Testament of Nikolai Bukharin.

Workers Liberty, October–November 1998: Czechoslovakia, 1968, from Workers Fight, August 1968.

Guardian, 9 November 1998: John Zarol and Nick Hopkins, British War Dead in Russian Mass Grave, bodies of British interventionists found.

The Times, 18 November 1998: Phil Tomasell, Russian Mass Grave, British soldiers killed at Murmansk and Archangel during the Civil War are in fact White Russians.

The Times, 24 November 1998: James Pringle, Beijing Lauds Mao’s Victim as Hero, centenary of the birth of Liu Shaoqi, victim of the Cultural Revolution.

Independent, 28 November 1998: Adam Lebor, Poles Seek Extradition of British Woman, 79, Helena Brus, wife of Wlodimierz Brus, was prosecutor in show trial of Home Army’s General Fieldorf in 1953. See also Oxford Woman Sought by Poles, The Times, same date; Neil Bowdler and Simon Bowes, Poles Seek Trial of Oxford Don’s Wife, Guardian, same date; Sophie Goodchild, Oxford Don’s Wife in Show Trial Row Fights Extradition to Poland, Independent, 29 November; John Arlidge, “Im No Criminal” Says Pole Accused of Sending Hero to Death, Observer, same date; John Arlidge, Academic’s Wife Faces New Polish Prosecution Claims, Observer, 6 December; Melanie Phillips, Old Poison Hidden in the Scales of Justice, Sunday Times, 3 January 1999; Polish Ruling, The Times, 7 January, the case is dropped.

The Times, 4 December 1998: Anna Blundy, Russia Resurrects KGB’s Hero, Dzerzhinsky’s statue returning to Lubianka Square. See also Andrew Roberts, New Russia Puts Evils Back on Pedestal, Sunday Times, 6 December.

International Viewpoint, December 1998: David Mandel, From Lenin to Yalta.

International Review, Autumn 1998: LDO, Maoism: Monstrous Offspring of Decadent Capitalism; Platform of the Communist International.

Prométhée, Third Quarter 1998: François Fabrol, Quand Stéphane Courtois néclaire pas la conscience de ses lecteurs, how a French Stalinist historian equates Stalin and Trotsky.

Workers Action, November–December 1998: Richard Price, Julius Martov and the Jewish Workers Movement; Julius Martov, A Turning Point in the History of the Jewish Workers Movement, a speech from 1895 with introduction by Rabochaya Dyelo.

Independent, 27 December 1998: Mao’s Little Red Disk, the Little Red Book available on CD-ROM.

The Times, 30 December 1998: Guevara’s Comrades Honoured, Tania’s bones back in Cuba.

Race and Class, no. 39, 1998: Paul Gordon, A Stranger in No Land: Remembering Victor Serge.

Workers Fight, Winter 1998–99: Lisa Taylor, Jews: Never a People-Class, a critique of Abram Leon.

What Next?, no. 8, 1998: John Reed, Soviets in Action.

What Next?, no. 9, 1998: Ernie Haberkern, Victor Serge and “Libertarianism”; Victor Serge, Secrecy and Revolution: A Reply to Trotsky.

What Next?, no. 0, 1998: Ian Birchall, Victor Serge: Hero or Witness?; Gerry Downing, Why We Must Defend the Essentials in Order to Condemn the Errors, defending the Bolshevik tradition.

What Next?, no. 11, 1998: Ernie Haberkern, Ian Birchall and Victor Serge.

The Times, 1 January 1999: Benedict Nightingale, The Voices Stalin Couldn’t Gag, the tragedy of the Soviet theatre.

The Times, 7 January 1999: UK Recognises Communist China, from 7 January 1950 issue.

Independent, 13 January 1999: Isobel Montgomery, Uncle Max, Stalin and Gorky.

The Times, 25 January 1999: The Russian Outlook, Bloody Sunday, from 25 January 1905 issue.

Weekly Worker, 28 January 1999: Delphi, The Gravedigger’s Apprentice, Stalin’s historical record.

Observer, 31 January 1999: James Meek, Stalin’s Victims Pursue Their Tormentors, Stalin’s victims in Estonia.

Sunday Times, 31 January 1999: Mark Franchetti, Daughter Fights to Clear Stalin’s Hitman, demands for Yezhov’s rehabilitation.

The Times, 4 February 1999: Robert Boyes, KGB Files Reveal Fate of Lost Germans, Social Democrats and Communists along with Nazis disappeared under Stalinism.

Guardian, 20 February 1999: Tariq Ali, The Spymaster’s Son, Ignace Reiss and his son.

Workers Liberty, February 1999: Mike Rooke, Bolsheviks Were Anti-Worker.

International Review, Spring 1999: C.D.W., 1920: Bukharin and the Period of Transition.

What Next?, no. 12, 1999: Hal Draper, The Myth of Lenin’s “Concept of the Party”, Or What They Did to What Is To Be Done?; Karl Kautsky, A Letter About Lenin, from 1924; Ian Birchall, Ernie Haberkern and Victor Serge; Ernie Haberkern, Stalinism and “Authoritarian Socialism”.

Them Old Bones Gonna Rise Again ...

Readers with a taste in the macabre will have noticed that the farce in Russia around the skeletal remains of the Romanov family reached a climax when they were given a state funeral presided over by Yeltsin on 17 July 1998. The build-up was not without its problems. On 2 June, the Guardian’s James Meek reported that Doubt About the Bones Jeopardises the Romanov Funeral. On 13 June, the Independent headlined that Russian Church Throws Tsar’s Burial into Chaos, and on 11 July that Tsar’s Family Snub “Insulting” Burial. On the next day the Sunday Times declared Russia Goes to Barricades over Burial of Last Tsar, and on the 14th, The Times noted Russia Turns its Back on Burial of Romanovs. To add to the confusion, on the next day The Times, which has taken a decidedly morbid interest in the affair, not only ran an editorial on it, but told its readers that Church Dispute over DNA Saddens Prince, and Michael Binyon told us Why Finger of the Tsarina Almost Spoilt President’s Plans. On 18 July, The Times noted that Yeltsin apologised for the execution of the Romanovs, whilst reporting that Romanov Funeral Overshadowed by Family Feuds.

The story continues. On 22 October, The Times reported that the remains of the Tsar’s son had been unearthed in Yekaterinberg, and three days later the Independent headlined Search On For Tsar’s Missing Children. To finish, however, on a different note, The Times informed us on 2 November that Tsar Statue Blown Up. Sense prevailed for once.

Labour Movement

Sennaciulo (Esperanto), February 1998: Petro Levi, Novajoj pri la Hispana Milito (19361939), new material on the Spanish Civil War from the Russian archives.

Independent, 1 April 1998: Faith Evans, The Daughter of Modern Socialism, Eleanor Marx.

Independent, 19 April 1998: Paul Routledge, How Marx Liked a Pint (or Three), an idea pinched from our Editor 30 years back; Mark Simpson, Julie Burchall + Hegel =, a stupid plug for Eric Hobsbawm’s edition of the Communist Manifesto. See also Hypewatch, in 11 April issue.

Independent, 26 April 1998: Elizabeth Nash, Basques Furious as German TV Plays Down Guernica Horror.

Guardian, 27 April 1998: Seamus Milne, Red Flags Raised to Honour Author of Labour Anthem, a memorial for Jim Connell, writer of the Red Flag.

Marxist Review, April 1998: Mike Driver, 1848: Revolution Across Europe.

Weekly Worker, 7 May 1998: Phil Watson, Cold War Babies, celebrating the Communist Party whilst attacking this journal. See Paul Flewers reply, Toeing Moscow’s Line, in 21 May issue; and Watson’s rejoinder, Inanity, in 11 June issue.

Evening Standard, 8 May 1998: A.N. Wilson, Full Marx for a True Genius, the Communist Manifesto remembered.

Guardian, 9 May 1998: Kate Connolly, Killer’s Head to be Buried, Luigi Lucheni, Italian Anarchist who assassinated Empress Elizabeth.

Guardian, 12 May 1998: John Berger, Painted on the Body, Frida Kahlo.

La Vérité, May 1998: François Forgue, Actualité des révolutions de 1848; Pierre Lambert, La révolution de 1848 en France.

News and Letters, May 1998: Raya Dunayevskaya, Luxemburg: Revolutionary Feminist, revolutionary, yes ...

Socialist Outlook, May 1998: Charlie Van Gelderen, Bill Hunter, History and the Fourth International.

Estrategia Internacional (Argentina), May–June 1998: Ely Quispe and Eduardo Molina, Tres Hitos Historicos de la Clase Obrera Boliviana; Los Trotskistas y la 2da Guerra, interview with Al Richardson.

Informations ouvrières, 10 June 1998: Pierre Lambert, Marcel Beaufrère, recalling French Trotskyist hero in the Second World War.

Sunday Times, 28 June 1998: Atticus Taki, Orwell Right to See Red.

World Revolution, June 1998: The Independent Labour Party and the Pressure of Reformism.

Workers Action, June-July 1998: Jonathan Joseph, The Communist Manifesto.

International Review, Spring 1998: K.R., 1848: The Communist Manifesto is an Indispensable Compass for the Future of Humanity; C.D.W., 1918: The Programme of the German Workers Party; D.V., The March Action: The Danger of Petit-Bourgeois Impatience.

Workers International Press, Spring 1998: And the Scores Have Not Been Settled Yet, debate in Marx House on Alison Macleod’s The Death of Uncle Joe; Peter Fryer, A WorkersPaper and an Evasive Historian, Eric Hobsbawm in 1956.

Impact (Sri Lanka), June–July 1998: T. Perera, Stormy British Petrel in the Tea Garden, the Bracegirdle affair.

Trotskyist International, June–December 1998: Dave Stockton, Trotskyism: The Turn to the Masses, the ‘French Turn’.

Guardian, 1 July 1998: Mark Steel, Homage to Old George, Orwell and the Spanish Civil War.

Informations ouvrières, 8 July 1998: Nicole Bossut, 1848: La première guerre civile ouverte entre bourgeoisie et prolétariat.

Camden New Journal, 16 July 1998: Selwyn Evans, Parade Tribute to Spanish Brigaders.

Weekly Worker, 16 July 1998: The Enemy at Home, police raid the Socialist Labour Party, from The Call, 18 July 1918.

Guardian, 30 July 1998: Richard Norton-Taylor, MI5 Holds 500,000 Files on Individuals, Lenin, Trotsky, de Valera, Vanessa Redgrave ...

Rouge, 30 July 1998: Christian Piquet, Les Journées de 1848; Daniel Bensaid, L’actual encore actif du Manifeste Communiste.

The Times, 6 August 1998: Some Socialist Fallacies, George Bernard Shaw speaks to an Independent Labour Party summer school on Marx, Jimmy Maxton and Ramsay MacDonald, from 6 August 1929 issue.

Guardian, 11 August 1998: Paul Foot, How Gus Has Changed, Gus MacDonald and the Glasgow revolutionary left. See also letter from Kay Carmichael in 12 August issue.

Independent, 19 August 1998: Eric Hobsbawm, I Was Writing for the Revolution, happy days in the Third Period.

Times Literary Supplement, 21 August 1998: Dan Jacobson, The Invention of Orwell; Robert Conquest, In Celia’s Office: Orwell and the Cold War.

The Island, (Sri Lanka), 23 August 1998: Gamini Seneviratne, N.M. Flushed Out “Black Money”, a planned monument for N.M. Perera.

Daily News (Sri Lanka), 30 August 1998: Roshan Peiris, Second Class Servants of Capitalists, Bala Tampoe interviewed on the history of the Lanka Sama Samaja Party.

Guardian, 23 September 1998: Ian Aitkin, Bloodless Brothers, how his Stalinist dad fought in the Spanish Civil War.

Socialist Outlook, September 1998: John Lister, The Strategy of Permanent Revolution.

Workers Liberty, September 1998: Alan Johnson, The “Other Trotskyists” and Palestine; Hal Draper, A Matter of Terminological Taste, a review of Tony Cliff’s Russia: A Marxist Analysis, from 1964.

New Interventions, Summer 1998: John Newsinger, George Orwell and the Revolutionary Left; Paul Flewers, Orwell’s List.

Socialist Outlook, Summer 1998: John Lister, Key Lessons from 1848.

Rouge, 8 October 1998: Daniel Bensaid, La Ivè Internationale à 60 ans.

Guardian, 10 October 1998: Richard Norton-Taylor, Disclosures of British SpiesPlot to Kill Lenin Fuels MI6 Demands to Keep Papers Secret.

Socialist Review, October 1998: Andy Durgan, Asturias, 4 October 1934, the Asturian Commune.

Workers Action, October 1998: Charlie Longford, Restating the United Front.

Workers Power, October 1998: Paul Morris, Rebel Without a Theory, George Orwell as a centrist; Max Wilson, Why We Need a Revolutionary Party.

Workers Liberty, October–November 1998: James D Young, The Faith of a Scots Internationalist, John MacLean; Max Shachtman, The Last Hours of the Condemned Men; The Life and Death of Henk Sneevliet, from 1950; Sean Matgamna, Hal Draper and Israel.

Le Monde, 2 November 1998: Michel Lefebvre, Le Retrait des brigades internationales; De Moscou à Salamanque, des archives très convolutées, copies of International Brigade archives going to Spain.

Socialist Outlook, November 1998: Frank Wainwright, Back to the Future, a call for the establishment of a body to do what Socialist Platform has been doing for a decade or more.

Socialist Review, November 1998: Dave Renton, The History Woman, friendly appraisal of Stalinist historian Dona Torr.

Rouge, 3 December 1998: Eric Lafon, Qui marche dans la nuit ne sait où il va, the history of expulsions from the French Communist Party.

Independent, 5 December 1998: Days Like These, extracts from Luxemburg’s prison letters.

Rouge, 10 December 1998: Patrick Tamerlan, Il ya 80 ans, en Alsace, la Révolution, how the German revolution hit Alsace.

Daily News (Sri Lanka), 30 December 1998: Vickramabahu Karuharatne, NSSP at 19, the history of the Nava Sama Samaja Party.

Socialist Outlook, December 1998: Charlie Van Gelderen, Why We Were Right to Launch the Fourth International, a speech to the Fourth International youth rally in Denmark.

Radical Chains, no. 5, 1998: Jacob Lagnado, Julio Partocarrero and Peru, the life of a Peruvian Anarcho-Syndicalist; Albert Parsons and the Eight-Hour Day, a speech by a Haymarket Martyr.

What Next?, no. 8, 1998: John Archer, Entryism: Lessons from the 1930s; Bob Pitt, Red Flag over St Pancras, part 2.

What Next?, no. 9, 1998: Al Richardson, The Joy of Sects: Marx and Engels on Senile Leftism; Mike Jones, The Communist Manifesto, the United Front, the Labour Party and History; Jim Padmore, Marxism and the National Question in the Spanish State.

What Next?, no. 10, 1998: Hal Draper, Toward a New Beginning: On Another Road: The Alternative to the Micro-Sect, with an introduction by Ernie Haberkern; Bob Pitt, Red Flag over St Pancras, part 3.

What Next?, no. 11, 1998: Bob Pitt, The Transitional Programme and the Tasks of Marxists Today; Karl Marx and Jules Guesde, The Programme of the Parti Ouvrier; Allan Armstrong, All Hail the Scottish WorkersRepublic, remembering John MacLean.

New Interventions, Winter 1998–99: Mike Jones, Sixty Years of the Fourth International; Victor Serge, A New International, from Left, April 1944.

Workers Fight, Winter 1998–99: Al Richardson, Marxism in Our Time.

Rouge, 14 January 1999: Pierre Sylvain, D’espoirs en desillusions, la difficile suivre, trying to shake off the Castro cult.

Rouge, 21 January 1999: Michael Löwy, Rosa Luxemburg: Un Communisme pour la XXè siècle.

Informations ouvrières, 27 January 1999: Pierre Roy and Jacqueline Bois, Rosa Luxemburg, Karl Liebknecht et la révolution Allemande.

Marxist Review, January 1999: Dave Lettuce, The German Revolution, 19181919.

Workers Liberty, January 1999: Max Shachtman, The Party We Need, from 1946.

Workers Power, January 1999: Lesley Day, They Died for the Working Class, Liebknecht and Luxemburg.

The Times, 4 February 1999: Michael Evans, MI6 “Did Not Write the Zinoviev Letter”. See also Louise Jury, Official: Zinoviev Letter was Forged, Independent, same date; Robin Cook, The Hidden Hand; Richard Norton-Taylor, Zinoviev Letter was Dirty Trick by MI6, Guardian, same date; David Turner, The Secret History that Lies Behind the Zinoviev Letter, in 5 February issue. Michael Evans, Son Names Man Who Leaked the Zinoviev Letter, The Times, 9 February; Paul Nicholson, Zinoviev Secret, Independent, 11 February; Robin Bruce-Lockhart, Zinoviev Letter, The Times, 18 February.

Independent, 31 January 1999: Robert Butler, Oscar Wilde, the Burghers of Calais and now Tom Paine, plans to erect a statue of Paine outside Parliament. See also R.W. Morrell and Eric Paine, Finding a Fitting Home for Thomas Paine, Guardian, 9 February.

Rouge, 4 February 1999: Laura L., “Disparus”, ces militants trotskysts des années 1930, interview with Gilles Bourdos, director of a film about Trotskyism in the 1930s.

International Viewpoint, February 1999: Livio Maitan, Sixty Years of Struggle, six decades of the Fourth International.

Marxist Review, February 1999: Ray Athow, The “National Question” and World Socialist Revolution.

Workers International Press, February 1999: Charlie Pottins, A Serious Dose of Glasnost, a proposal to deposit the Workers Revolutionary Party’s archives with a Stalinist collection.

Workers Liberty, February 1999: Karl Liebknecht, Not a Man, Not a Penny for this System; Class Struggle is the Slogan of the Day, a speech from 1913 and an article from the First World War; Stan Crooke, Germany 191819: The Revolution Betrayed.

Workers Power, February 1999: Alejandra Rios, Film and Freedom, interview with Ken Loach, from Estrategia Internacional (Argentina).

Socialist Appeal, March 1999: Leon Trotsky, Trotsky on the Crisis in the United States, letter dated 2 October 1934; William Gallacher, 1919: Revolution on the Clyde, extract from Revolt on the Clyde.

International Review, Spring 1999: Fabienne, 191819: The Proletarian Revolution Put an End to the Imperialist War; M.R., The Chinese Question (192040); The Communist Left Against the Treason of the Degenerated Communist International .

What Next?, no. 12, 1999: Harry Ratner, The Transitional Programme Reassessed; Paul Hampton, Workers Liberty and the Third Camp.

Paris 1968 Commemoration

Independent, 17 March 1998: James Maycock, Flower Powerless.

Guardian, 20 March 1998: Paul Webster, Light is Shed on France’s Dark Days, police files on 1968 opened.

The Times, 10 April 1998: Ben MacIntyre, Cuban Agents “Orchestrated Paris Uprising”, the silly season starts early.

Observer, 12 April 1998: Adam Sage, Withering Flowers of May 68.

Independent, 25 April 1998: Boyd Tonkin, Why New Labour is in Search of an Ideology, the impact of 1968.

Informations ouvrières, 6 May 1998: Gwenael G., Il y a 30 ans, mai 68. See also Du 13 Mai à la grève générale, in 13 May issue.

Rouge, 7 May 1998: Pierre Rousset, Quand étincelle met le feu à toute de plaine. See also his Du 14 au 24 Mai: Mai Si!, la grève générale, in 14 May issue; Christian Picquet, L’occasion manquée, in 21 May issue; Pierre Cours-Salies, Grenelle, ou les contradications de Mai 68, in 28 May issue; Mai 68-Mai 98, ce nétait bien qu’un debut, in 4 June issue; Christian Picquet, De Gaulle joue, gagne et trebuche, in 11 June issue.

Independent, 13 May 1998: John Lichfield, The Day the Dream of 1968 Died.

Socialist Outlook, May 1998: John Lister and Daniel Bensaid, Suddenly We Had a Real, Live General Strike.

International Viewpoint, June 1998: John Lister and Daniel Bensaid, 1968 in France.

Marxist Review, June 1998: Dave Lettuce, May-June 1968: French Revolution Betrayed.

Workers Action, June–July 1998: Al Richardson, 1968 Revisited.

Sunday Observer (Sri Lanka), 12 July 1998: Desmond Wickremasuriya, France 68: De Gaulle’s Government Survives Unprecedented Upsurge, from his pamphlet written in 1968.

Independent, 1 January 1999: Nick Schoon and Paul Lashmar, “Danny the Red” Targeted Wilson, Special Branch revelations about 1968.

New Pamphlets

Tony Atienza and Paul Preston, The Spanish Civil War: Historical Antecedents and Consequences, Socialist History Occasional Papers Series, no 7, £1.50.

Craig Bowen, Indonesia: An Unfinished Revolution, Committee for a Workers International. Includes a lengthy chapter on the history of the Indonesian Communist Party.

Joseph Seymour, George Foster and Alan Wilde, Enlightenment Rationalism and the Origins of Marxism, Spartacist Pamphlets.

Workers Fight (International Communist Union), The Communist Parties in Western Europe: From the Revolutionary War to National Reformism, 70p.

Workers Fight (International Communist Union), France, May 1968, 70p.


Tariq Ali and Susan Watkins, 1968: Marching in the Streets: reviewed by Richard Gott, 1968: The Year of Living Hopefully, Independent, 25 April 1998; Brian MacArthur, Year That Changed Us, The Times, 30 April; Val Henessy, Why We Couldn’t Change the World, Daily Mail, 1 May; Sheila Rowbotham, Independent, 4 May.

Ang Cheng Guan, Vietnamese Communists Relations with China and the Second Indochina Conflict, 195662: reviewed by Mike Driver, The Vietnamese Revolution (1956–1962), Marxist Review, December 1998.

G Achar, Le marxisme d’ernest Mandel: reviewed by Francis Sitel, L’oeuvre d’ernest Mandel revisitée, Rouge, 4 March 1999.

DE Barclay and ED Weitz, Between Reform and Revolution: German Socialism and Communism from 1840 to 1990: reviewed by Ray Athow, Socialism and Communism in Germany, Marxist Review, January 1999.

Janusz Bardach, Man is Wolf to Man: Surviving Stalin’s Gulag: reviewed by Robert Service, Taking the Decision to Live, Sunday Telegraph, 6 September 1998.

John Biggart, Georgii Glovelli and Avraham Yassom, Bogdanov and His Work: reviewed by R.B., The Writings of Bogdanov, Marxist Review, January 1999.

Richard Brenner, Trotsky: An Introduction: reviewed by José Villa, Trotsky: A Mis-Introduction, In Defence of Marxism, Summer-Autumn 1998.

Gordon Brook-Shepherd, Iron Maze: The Western Secret Service and the Bolsheviks: reviewed by John Crossland, Ace of Spies? More Like a Joker, Independent, 6 December 1998; Dave Wiltshire, British Intelligence and the Russian Revolution, Marxist Review, January 1999.

Nikolai Bukharin, How It All Began: reviewed by Penny Cole, Springtime of a Revolutionary, Socialist Future, November 1998; Joe Auciello, Bukharin’s Prison Novel, International Viewpoint, February 1999.

E.H. Carr, The Romantic Exiles: reviewed by Pete Glatter, Friend of Prince and Peasant, Socialist Review, October 1998.

Heléne Carrère d’Encausse, Lénine: reviewed by Marc Teulin, À propos du Lénine d’Heléne Carrère d’Encausse, Informations ouvrières, 4 November 1998.

Eric Cavaterra, La Banque de France et la Commune de Paris: reviewed by Jean-Marc Schiappa, Informations ouvrières, 14 October 1998.

Tony Cliff, Trotskyism After Trotsky: reviewed by Jack Robertson, The Torch of the Revolution, Socialist Review, January 1999; John McKee, Cliff’s False Theory of Trotskyism, Workers Power, February; Paul Hampton, Trotskyism After Trotsky? C’est Moi!, Workers Liberty, April.

James Connolly, Selected Writings: reviewed by F.S., James Connolly’s Lost Writings, Marxist Review, April 1998; Jane Russell, The Dynamics of Irish Freedom, Socialist Action, October-November.

James Connolly, The Lost Writings: reviewed by F.S., James Connolly’s Lost Writings, Marxist Review, April 1998; John Palmer, New Interventions, Summer; Jane Russell, The Dynamics of Irish Freedom, Socialist Action, October–November.

David Cotterill (ed), The Serge-Trotsky Papers: reviewed by David Gorman, The Serge-Trotsky Papers, Radical Chains, no. 5, 1998.

Anita Burdman Feferman, Politics, Logic and Love: reviewed in Jean Van Heijenoort, the FBI and the Trotskyist Movement, Marxist Review, September 1998.

Hall Greenland, Red Hot: The Life and Times of Nick Origlass: reviewed by Violet Martin, Trotsky Down Under, Workers Liberty, October–November 1998; A Bolshie Old Man, International Viewpoint, October; Alan Thornett, The Most Expelled Man in Australia, Socialist Outlook, November.

Hayden Heurrera, Frida: A Biography of Frida Kahlo, reviewed in the Independent, 22 November 1998.

Jim Higgins, More Years for the Locust: reviewed by Dave Spencer, New Interventions, Summer 1998.

Eric Hobsbawm, On History: reviewed by J.H., Sunday Times, 20 September 1998.

Eric Hobsbawm, Uncommon People: reviewed by Neal Ascherson, History: It’s Mainly a Lot a Cobblers, Observer, 28 June 1998.

Gerald Howson, Arms for Spain: reviewed by Neal Ascherson, How Moscow Robbed Spain of its Gold in the Civil War, Observer, 27 September 1998; Frances Lannon, The Embargo did Matter, Times Literary Supplement, 27 November; Sam Ashman, The Real Enemies, Socialist Review, January 1999; Chris Cooper, Arms for Spain, The Marxist, January-February.

Bill Hunter, Lifelong Apprenticeship: reviewed by Harry Ratner, New Interventions, Spring 1998; Jim Phillips, Trotskyism in the Docks in the 1940s and 1950s, Workers International Press, Spring 1998.

The Ideological Legacy of L.D. Trotsky, papers from the Moscow Conference on Trotsky, November 1994: reviewed by Marilyn Vogt-Downey, International Viewpoint, November 1998.

Abdul Kader el Janab, Horizon Vertical: reviewed by Michael Löwy, Rouge, 1 October 1998.

G. Kates, The French Revolution: Recent Debates and New Controversies: reviewed by Paul McGarr, The French Revolution: Marxism Versus Revisionism, International Socialism, Autumn 1998.

David King, The Commissar Vanishes: reviewed by Nigel Fountain, How to Fool All of the People, All of the Time, Guardian, 2 May 1998.

H. Klehr, J.E. Hayes and K.M. Anderson, The Soviet World of American Communism: reviewed by Robin Blackburn, Lenin and McCarthy, Observer, 17 May 1998.

Michael Löwy, Fatherland or Mother Earth: reviewed by Ray Athow, On Revolutionary Internationalism, Marxist Review, October 1998.

Jean-Jacques Marie, Staline et Trotsky: reviewed by Jean-Michel Krivine, Staline et Trotsky, complementaire?, Rouge, 22 October 1998.

Patrick Marnham, Dreaming With his Eyes Open: A Life of Diego Rivera: reviewed by Liz Jobey, A Rebel Without a Wall, Guardian, 31 October 1998; Amanda Hopkinson, Bring Me the Heart of Diego Rivera, Independent, 28 October (see also her Desperately Seeking Diego Rivera, in 1 November issue); Talat Ahmed, The Writing on the Wall, Socialist Review, January 1999.

Sean Matgamna (ed.), The Fate of the Russian Revolution: reviewed by Jack Conrad, Groping Towards a Theory, Weekly Worker, 20 August 1998; Alan Johnson, The Pilots Who Weathered the Storm, Workers Liberty, October–November 1998; Chris Gray, The Legacy of Max Shachtman, New Interventions, Winter 1998–99; Bob Pitt, Max Shachtman, Soviet Defencism and “Unfalsified Marxism”, What Next?, no. 11, 1998. See also Al Richardson, Penetrating But Unsound, Workers Liberty, February 1999.

Martin Miller, Freud and the Bolsheviks: Psychoanalysis in Imperial Russia and the Soviet Union: reviewed by Frank McLynn, A Battle Between Marx and Freud, Independent, 15 February 1999.

Ephraim Ninni, Marxism and Nationalism: reviewed by John Sullivan, New Interventions, Spring 1998.

George Orwell, Complete Works: reviewed by Paul Foot, Signed Zeal Delivered, Observer, 23 August 1998; Noel Malcolm, George Orwell in Close-Up, Sunday Telegraph, same date.

Christopher Phelps, Young Sidney Hook: reviewed by Alan Wald, Between Marxism and Pragmatism, International Viewpoint, July 1998; Barry Finger, The Lost Marxism of Sidney Hook, Workers Liberty, February 1999.

Will Podmore, Britain, Italy, Germany and the Spanish Civil War: reviewed by Sam Ashman, The Real Enemies, Socialist Review, January 1999.

John Reed, Shaking the World: reviewed by John Charlton, Socialist Review, November 1998; Judy Cox, John Reed: Reporting the Revolution, International Socialism, Winter 1998.

Revolutionary History, Volume 4, no. 1/2: reviewed by David Gorman, The Spanish Civil War: The View From the Left, Radical Chains, no. 5, 1998.

Revolutionary History, Volume 6, no. 4: reviewed by Osmund Jayaratne, Blows Against the Empire, Daily News (Sri Lanka), 14 March 1998; T. Perera, The Lanka Sama Samaja Party from its Beginning to its Expulsion; Ajith Samaranayake, The Golden Afternoon of the LSSP, What Next?, no. 8, 1998.

Rudolph Rocker, Anarcho-Syndicalism: reviewed by Mike Driver, Anarchism, Individualism and Defeats, Marxist Review, September 1998.

Vadim Rogovin, 1937: Stalin’s Year of Terror: reviewed by Peter Taaffe, 1937: Persecution and Defiance, Socialism Today, July–August 1998; Dylan Murphy, An Inspiring Work, Socialism Today, September; Abraham Bromberg, In the Year of Mass Murder, Times Literary Supplement, 11 December.

Claudia Romanini, Quello Strano Ottobre: reviewed by Barbara Rossi, New Interventions, Winter 1998-99.

Victor Serge, Destiny of a Revolution: reviewed by Don Filtzer, The Destiny of a Revolution, Against the Current, March–April 1998.

Frank Thomas, Brother Against Brother: Experiences of a British Volunteer: reviewed by Frank McLynn, Further Spanish Lessons: The Muddle Between Right and Left, Independent, 13 September 1998.

Jeanette Thorez-Vermeersch, La vie en rouge: reviewed by Jean-Michel Krivine, La bonne conscience, Rouge, 16 April 1998.

Ellen Meiksins Wood, A Tempest of Sedition: reviewed by Finian Cunningham, Blair and Cromwell, Conservative Rebels, Independent, 19 January 1999.

Ilya Zbarsky and Samuel Hutchinson, Lenin’s Embalmers: reviewed by Thomas Lynch, Time to Go Underground, The Times, 22 October 1998; Peter Millar, Dead But Not Buried, Sunday Times, 1 November; Marcus Warren, Time to Let Lenin Rot, Sunday Telegraph, 27 September.

Zygmunt Zaremba, The Warsaw Commune: reviewed by Gerry Downing, The Warsaw Commune, Workers Fight, Winter 1998-99.


Sam Aaronovich, British Stalinist economist: John Grahl, Sam Aaronovich, Independent, 8 June 1998; Jon Bloomfield, After Cable Street, the Battles Goes On, Guardian, 4 June.

Manuel Azcaráte, Spanish Stalinist and unreliable historian: Elizabeth Nash, Manuel Azcaráte, Independent, 27 August 1998.

Valentin Berezhkov, Stalin’s translator: Felix Corley, Valentin Berezhkov, Independent, 11 December 1998; Isobel Montgomery, Stalin’s Words of War and Peace, Guardian, 16 December.

Henri Berthome, French Trotskyist, distributor of Arbeiter und Soldat during the Second World War: Jean-Michel Manach, Henri Berthome (1923–1999), Rouge, 18 February 1999.

Peter Breary, Socialist and freethinker: Nicholas Walter, Roads to Freedom, Guardian, 26 May 1998; see also letter from Karl Heath in 30 May issue.

Bill Brooks, British Stalinist who stood against Churchill in 1950: Sam Russell, Bill Brooks: A Comrade at Arms, Guardian, 9 July 1998.

Francis Carsten, academic, member of Neu Beginnen: V.R. Berghahn, Professor Francis L. Carsten, Independent, 14 July 1998.

Cornelius Castoriadis, Socialisme ou Barbarie mentor: Death of Cornelius Castoriadis: Bourgeoisie Pays Homage to One of its Servants, World Revolution, April 1988; John Barker, Cornelius Castoriadis, 1922–1997, Capital and Class, Summer 1998. See also Ian Birchall’s letter in the Guardian, 7 May.

Vladimir Dudintsev, Russian novelist blamed for Hungarian Revolution: Vladimir Dudintsev, The Times, 17 August 1998.

Martin Eve, Merlin press supremo: Martin Eve: Books to be Red, Guardian, 4 November 1998.

Eileen Gersh, veteran Trotskyist in Britain and the USA: Eileen Gersh, Socialist Outlook, April 1998; We Salute Comrade Eileen Gersh, a Fighter for Trotskyism, 1912–1998, Workers Fight, Spring; Charlie Longford, Eileen Gersh (1913–1998), Workers Action, June-July; Eileen Gersh, Workers Action, October.

Auguste Gillot, Stalinist Mayor of St Denis, Paris: Douglas Johnson, In Service to the Party, Guardian, 18 September 1998.

Nathan Gould, Shachtmanite youth leader: Morris Slavin, Natie Gould, As I Knew Him, Against the Current, May-June 1998.

Cathal Goulding, Irish Stalinist: Cathal Goulding, The Times, 28 December 1998; Eamonn McCann, The IRA’s Lost New Direction, Guardian, same date.

Kurt Hager, East German Stalinist leader: Dennis Staunton, From Idealist to Stooge, Guardian, 9 October 1998.

Stephane Juste, French Trotskyist leader: Raymond Debard, Stephane Juste (1921–1998), Prométhée, first quarter 1998.

Paul Koston, veteran of the Workers Party of South Africa: Death of Paul Koston, Trotskyist, Workers International Press, March 1999.

Charles Lederman, French Stalinist lawyer: Douglas Johnson, Exposed: The Pigeon Plot, Guardian, 21 October 1998.

Nguyen Van Linh, veteran Vietnamese Stalinist: Nguyen Van Linh, The Times, 30 April 1998.

Karl Lohman, German soldier who became a Trotskyist: Christel Kucklick, Karl Lohman (1925–1998), Informations ouvrières, 6 May 1998.

Frank Lovell, US Trotskyist: Marian and Pat Brain, Frank Lovell: Revolutionary Socialist, Socialist Outlook, June 1998; Frank Lovell, International Viewpoint, June; In Memory of Frank Lovell (1913–1998), Workers Vanguard, 31 July.

Nicole Marquis, French Trotskyist: Danielle Riva, À Nicole Marquis, Rouge, 17 September 1998.

Mick McGahey, Stalinist miner’s union leader: Mick McGahey, The Times, 1 February 1999; Terry Patinson and Tam Dalyell, Mick McGahey, Independent, same date; Vic Allen, The Red and the Black: Mick McGahey, Guardian, same date.

Maurice Najman, French supporter of Pablo: Bernard Schalscha and Gérard Gryzbeck, Maurice Najman (1948–1999): Une figure de la “génération lcyéenne”, Rouge, 11 February 1999.

E.M.S. Namboodiripad, Indian Stalinist leader: E.M.S. Namboodiripad, The Times, 2 April 1998; Kuldip Singh, E.M.S. Namboodiripad, Independent, same date.

Pol Pot, Cambodian Stalinist: Robert Templer, Ruler of the Chasm of Darkness, Guardian, 17 April 1998; Pol Pot, The Times, same date; Martin Woollacott, Unmasking Tyranny, Guardian, 18 April.

Germain Régé-Gianas, French Trotskyist union militant: Paul Duthel and Paul Monnot, Germain Régé-Gianas, Informations ouvrières, 21 October 1998.

Vadim Rogovin, Russian Trotskyist historian: Jean-Jacques Marie, Vadim Rogovin, Informations ouvrières, 30 September 1998.

Anatoli Rybakov, Soviet writer, author of Children of the Arbat: Isobel Montgomery, The Literary Voice of Stalin’s Children, Guardian, 29 December 1998; Anatoli Rybakov, The Times, 22 January 1999.

Hans-Jürgen Shulz, German Trotskyist: Hans-Jürgen Shulz (1938–1998), International Viewpoint, September 1998; Hans-Jürgen Shulz, Rouge, 10 September.

May Wickramasuriya, wife of Bala Tampoe: J.D., May Wickramasuriya, International Viewpoint, February 1999.

Yang Shangkun, leading Chinese Stalinist: Yang Shangkun: Tiananmen Square Hardliner Dies at 92, The Times, 15 September 1998; John Gittings, The Man Behind the Massacre, Guardian, same date; Andrew Higgins, Yang Shangkun, Independent, same date.

Zheng Chaolin, Chinese Trotskyist: Zheng Chaolin: Neither Prison nor Stalinism Could Break Him, Workers Power, October 1998; Wang Fanxi, Chinese Trotskyist Zheng Chaolin (1908–1998): Implacable Opponent of Stalinism, Socialist Outlook, September.

Todor Zhivkov, Bulgarian Stalinist leader: Roger Boyes, Bulgaria’s Last Communist Dictator Dies Lamenting Lost “Golden Era”, The Times, 7 August 1998; Milestones, in 8 August issue; Ian Traynor, Todor Zhivkov: Bulgaria’s Last Dictator, Guardian, 7 August; Adam Lebor, Soviet Bloc’s Last Dictator Dies at 86; Richard Crampton, Todor Zhivkov, Independent, same date.

Luis Fernando Zuzarte de Souza Graça, Portuguese Trotskyist: International Viewpoint, October 1998.

Bernard Soysa

As we noted in our last issue, Bernard Soysa, the last remaining founding member of the Lanka Sama Samaja Party, died on 30 December 1997. After going to press, we received a number of cuttings about him from the Sri Lankan press.

Daily News, 31 December 1997: Bernard Dead; Left Trade Unions Meet.

Midweek Mirror, 31 December 1997: Hussain Pakeer Sabo, Bernard Soysa, the Last of the Leftist Giants, Dies.

Daily News, 1 January 1998: Condolence Messages.

Daily News, 2 January 1998: Arthur C. Clark, Bernard, A Rare Gentleman Politician; Mourners Pay Their Last Respects.

Daily News, 3 January 1998: Dew, Comrade Bernard I Knew; Bernard on Final Journey; Bernard Soysa, editorial.

Island, 4 January 1998: Sydney Wanasinghe, Bernard Soysa, 1914–1997; Comrade Bernard Laid to Rest.

Sunday Times, 4 January 1998: Roshan Peiris, A Leftist Legend.

Daily News, 5 January 1998: Gamani Corea, Bernard Soysa – A Humanist Politician.

Daily News, 6 January 1998: ROB Wijesekera, Bernard Soysa; Osmund Jayaratne, Bernard Soysa – Revolutionary and Humanist.

Meryl Fernando, Bernard Soysa: From Revolutionary Socialism to Parliamentary Democracy, first published in Revolutionary History, Volume 6, no. 4, was republished in the Sunday Observer and Sunday Island on 21 June 1998.

Updated by ETOL: 3.10.2011