Encyclopedia of Trotskyism On-Line: Revolutionary History, Vol. 8 No. 3

Readers Notes

Soviet Union and Stalinism

The Times, 8 May 2002: Giles Whittell, How Mao Confided Wife Woes to US, Mao’s dissatisfaction with Jiang Qing during the Cultural Revolution.

Metro, 9 May 2002: Stalin Often Threw Sickies, skiving off sick as a tactic against his rivals, according to an MI5 report.

Weekly Worker, 9 May 2002: Jack Conrad, Lenin and the United States of Europe. See also Jack Conrad, Trotsky and the United States of Europe, in 23 May 2002 issue.

The Times, 27 May 2002: Nick Allen, Bodies Found at Site of Tsar’s Murder, those old bones again. See also Bridget Schneider, Imperial Bones, in 3 June 2002 issue.

Guardian, 13 June 2002: Tania Branigan, Stalin Was Their Darling, socialist realism.

The Times, 17 June 2002: Hungarian Leaders Executed, the execution of Imre Nagy, Pál Maléter and Miklós Gimes, from 17 June 1958 issue.

Weekly Worker, 17 June 2002: Mark Fischer, Divisions in the SWP Appear, how the Bolshevik party was run; Martyn Hudson, Dialectics of Defeat, the dilemma of ‘socialism or barbarism’.

Guardian, 22 June 2002: Johann Hari, Joseph’s Dream Coterie, a Stalin fan club in London.

Marxist Review, June 2002: William Westwell, The Commissar Vanishes, a video projection at the Royal Festival Hall from David King’s archives; Dave Wiltshire, National Liberation Struggle and the Marxist Movement: An Outline of Leon Trotsky’s Views on the Chinese Revolution.

News and Letters, June 2002: Bob McGuire, Wang Ruoshi Remembered, a memorial meeting for the dissident Chinese Marxist.

Guardian, 10 July 2002: Stuart Jeffries, Sing-along-a-Lenin, an opera about Lenin’s embalmer, no less.

The Times, 18 July 2002: Robin Shepherd, Stalin is Blamed for Mass Grave Concealed under Monastery, a monastery near Lvov, an NKVD centre in Stalin’s time.

Informations Ouvrières, 24 July 2002: H. Halphen, Hommage à Léon Trotsky, à Léon Sedov et à tous les militants du mouvement ouvrier victimes du Stalinisme, the annual commemoration of Leon Sedov’s death. See also Dominique Fevré, Sur la tombe de Léon Sedov, le 31 Aôut, à 10 heures, in 31 July and 13 August issues, and Samédi, 31 Aôut, un même hommage à Léon Trotsky, à Léon Sedov et à tous les militants ouvriers victimes du Stalinisme, in 28 August issue.

World Socialist Website Review, July–September 2002: David North, A Tribute to Vadim Rogovin, remembering the Russian historian of Stalin’s Terror.

Independent, 4 August 2002: Claudia Joseph, Why Paranoid Stalin Executed Russia’s Heroes of the Nazi Siege of Leningrad.

Daily Mail, 6 August 2002: Ian Bowes, High Priest of Marxism, Stalin at the seminary.

The Times, 10 August 2002: Robin Shepherd, Russia Ready to Rebury “White”, moves to convey Denikin’s body to Russia.

Independent, 12 August 2002: Daniel Howden, Lovers Move into Dictator’s Bunkers, a new use for Albania’s pillboxes.

Informations Ouvrières, 21 August 2002: Léon Sedov (1906–1938).

The Times, 4 September 2002: Louis de Robier, Daily Life, a French diplomat recalls American troops landing in Archangel, from 4 September 1918 issue.

Guardian, 5 September 2002: Garry Bushell (!), Saint Leon, Trotsky and Kronstadt.

Guardian, 7 September 2002: Owen Bowcott, How Fate and Stalin Finally Dealt the “Ace of Spies” a Losing Hand, the entrapment of Sidney Reilly. See also Andrew Cook, To Trap a Spy, Guardian, 7 October 2002.

Sunday Times, 15 September 2002: Mark Franchetti, Russians Discover Mass Grave of 30,000 Stalin Victims, at Rzhevsky, north of St Petersburg.

Marxist Review, September 2002: Chris Eames, Soviet Graphics, the David King poster exhibition at the Tate Modern.

International Review, Summer 2002: CDW, The Debate on “Proletarian Culture”, introducing Trotsky’s Literature and Revolution.

Informations Ouvrières, 16 October 2002: Porquoi commémorer Octobre 1917, looking at the October Revolution. See also Jean-Jacques Marie, Il y a 85 ans, la révolution Russe, in 22 October 2002 issue.

Weekly Worker, 24 October 2002: Jack Conrad, Dictatorship of the Proletariat: Bolshevism versus Kautskyism; Barry Biddulph, Which Road?, the seizing of power.

Weekly Worker, 31 October 2002: Jack Conrad, Preparing for Power; Phil Sharpe, Absurd, Marx, Engels and Lenin on the dictatorship of the proletariat.

Independent, 1 November 2002: Michael Tarm, Stalin Agent Found Guilty in Estonia, a GPU man who deported Estonians to Siberia. See also Nick Paton Walsh, Eight on Trial in Estonia for Stalin-Era Crimes, Guardian, 21 November 2002.

Weekly Worker, 21 November 2002: Barry Biddulph, Lenin Wrong, commenting on Lenin’s handling of the soviets in 1917.

Independent, 28 November 2002: Chris Gray, Churchill’s Bolshevik Cousin was Soviet Informer, Clare Sheridan, the famous sculptor.

The Times, 5 December 2002: Communist Aims of Dr Castro, Fidel Castro declares himself a communist, from 5 December 1962 issue.

The Times, 7 December 2002: Clem Cecil, Russian Children Given Taste of Communist Life, Russia’s first Gulag Museum.

Guardian, 20 December 2002: Nick Paton Walsh, Russia Prepares to Restore Romanovs, Nicholas II to be exonerated of his crimes. See also Tsar’s Family Ask for Official Vindication, Independent, 21 December 2002.

The Times, 26 December 2002: Ceaucescus Are Tried and Shot, from 26 December 1989 issue.

New Interventions, Winter 2002–03: Dave Renton, Anti-Fascist Theory Before Fascism?: Lenin and the Black Hundreds.

Revolutionary Perspectives, Winter 2002–03: Jock, Party and Class in the Revolutionary Wave of 1917–21.

Independent, 3 January 2003: Sarah Karush, Religion Replaces Lenin for Children of Russia.

Independent, 8 January 2003: Ben Ross, Decline and Fall, a park of Soviet-era statues in Budapest.

The Times, 18 January 2003: Robin Shepherd, Beria’s Terror Files are Opened.

Guardian, 25 January 2003: Nick Paton Walsh, Solzhenitsyn Breaks Last Taboo of the Revolution, the former dissident ends up blaming the Jews for Stalin’s Terror.

BBC History Magazine, January 2003: Catherine Elsworth, Collecting the Cultural Revolution, such bad taste tat from a country with a great cultural history.

Guardian, 13 February 2003: Philip Hall, My Grandfather the Revolutionary, an interview with Esteban Volkov.

Guardian, 15 February 2003: Andrew Broom, Scourge and Poet, the life of Robert Conquest.

Sunday Times, 16 February 2003: At Home with Leon Trotsky, at the Trotsky Museum in Coyoacan.

The Times, 6 February 2003: Robin Shepherd, Calls to Canonise Rasputin Threatens Russian Church Split, some things too much even for Russian Orthodoxy!

The Times, 27 February 2003: The Black Devils of Petrograd, how Trotsky saved Petrograd from Yudenich, from 27 February 1920 issue.

Marxist Review, February 2003: Ray Athow, A Tribute to Our Heroic Comrades: Early History of the Fourth International in Russia. Continued in March and April issues.

Workers Action, February–March 2003: Vsevolod Holubnychy, The Causes of the Famine of 1932–33, the Ukrainian famine.

Independent, 2 March 2003: Andy McSmith and Severin Carrell, Stalin Apologists Drink to the Memory of Uncle Joe. See also Ben Aris, Russians Remember Stalin With Pride, Daily Telegraph, 2 March 2003; Robin Shepherd, Stalin Still a Hero to Russians, The Times, 3 March 2003; Ben Aris, Life for Russians “Was Better in Time of Terror”, interviewing Stalin’s grandson, and Stalin’s Legacy, Daily Telegraph, 5 March 2003; Robert Conquest, Fifty Years After His Death, Stalin’s Reputation as a Ruthless Master of Deception Remains Intact, and Jonathan Freedland, Stalin Lives On, Guardian, 5 March 2003; Johann Hari, Stalin Died 50 Years Ago, But His Legacy Lives On, Independent, 5 March 2003; Alex McGrath and Ieva McDonald, Anniversary of Stalin’s Death Marked, The Times, 5 March 2003; Russia: Stalin’s Apologists Keep Flag Flying for Soviet Dictator, Independent, 6 March 2003; Clem Cecil, Die-Hard Stalin Supporters Still Seeing Red After 50 Years, The Times, 6 March 2003; James Pickett, Stalin’s Black Crimes, Daily Telegraph, 12 March 2003.

Sunday Telegraph, 2 March 2003: Tom Parfitt, Stalin’s Forgotten Victims Stuck in the Gulag.

Sunday Times, 2 March 2003: Iconoclasm of the Week, a new statue of Lenin with a mouse’s head (!?) to go up in Moscow.

Solidarity, 6 March 2003: Jean-Michel Krivine, 1953: A Year of Hope.

Weekly Worker, 6 March 2003: Jack Conrad, Stalin’s System of Terror.

The Times, 8 March 2003: J. Irelaw-Chapman, Christopher Whiteside, Gerard Walsh, Chas King, How Stalin Should Be Remembered.

Informations Ouvrières, 12 March 2003: Marika Kovacs, Lorsque Staline est mort, j’étais membre des Jeunesses communistes depuis sept ans, eyewitness account of the Hungarian Revolution.

Rouge, 13 March 2003: B.V., Trotskysme, preferring Our Political Tasks to What Is To Be Done?

Weekly Worker, 13 March 2003: Earl Gilman, Workers State?, reconsidering the Soviet Union.

The Times, 14 March 2003: Alexander II Killed by Assassin’s Bomb, from 14 March 1881 issue.

Informations Ouvrières, 19 March 2003: Jean-Jacques Marie, Staline, le Continateur de Lénine?, Stalin as counter-revolutionary.

Guardian, 21 March 2003: Ian Trayner, Czechs Learn Who Spied on Them, secret police informers publicly listed.

Socialism Today, March 2003: Christine Thomas, Socialism and Women’s Liberation, the life and ideas of Alexandra Kollontai.

Socialist Appeal, March 2003: Alan Woods, Fifty Years After the Death of a Tyrant, Stalin and Stalinism.

La Vérité, March 2003: Jean-Jacques Marie, L’actualité de la révolution russe d’octobre 1917.

Independent, 16 April 2003: Simon Calder, Deals of the Week, streets in Berlin still named after Luxemburg, Liebknecht and Thälmann.

Socialism Today, April–May 2003: Manny Thain, Stalin’s Shadow, looking at the press coverage of Stalin’s death.

Workers Action, April–May 2003: Alfred Rosmer, Trotsky in Paris During World War I.

World Socialist Website Review, April–June 2003: David North, A Reply on Rosa Luxemburg’s Attitude to Lenin, without reproducing the letter to which he is replying.

Observer, 4 May 2003: Askold Krushelnycky, Ukrainians Want Pro-Stalin Writer Stripped of Pulitzer, a campaign to defrock Walter Duranty.

Guardian, 24 May 2003: Nick Paton Walsh, Russian Editor Sacked for Attack on Stalin, old ways die hard.

Independent, 26 May 2003: Tony Paterson, Berlin Considers the Resurrection of a Granite Leader, possible re-erection of a Lenin statue.

Guardian, 7 June 2003: Richard Eyre, Monumental Follies, the fate of Stalinism’s monuments in Eastern Europe.

Guardian, 13 June 2003: Mongolians Find Mass Grave, Buddhist monks killed in the Great Terror.

Sunday Telegraph, 15 June 2003: Nigel West and Oleg Tsarev, Zinoviev Letter Was No MI6 Plot.

Socialist Worker, 21 June 2003: Ian Birchall, The Revolt that Shook Stalinism, the East Berlin Uprising of 1953. See also Jeevan Vasagar, Churchill “Betrayed East German Rising”, Guardian, 17 June 2003 – Churchill ‘betraying’ the workers?; Tony Patterson, Revolutionaries of the Forgotten Putsch Finally Get Their Dues, Independent, 18 June 2003; L’insurrection des ouvriers de Berlin-Est de Juin 1953, Informations Ouvrières, 18 June 2003.

Revolutionary Perspectives, Spring 2003: Jock, The Decline of the Russian Revolution and the Cult of the Party.

Guardian, 4 July 2003: Jonathan Rosenbaum, In Stalin’s Shadow, the Ukrainian film director Alexander Dovzhenko.

The Times, 17 June 2003: Roger Boyes, Swift Solution to Stasi’s Jigsaw Puzzle of Secrets. See also Stasi Will Be Outed, Daily Mirror, 7 July 2003; Ben Aris, Fresh Stasi Files Could Name German MPs, Guardian, 8 July 2003, CIA Files May Reveal 50,000 Stasi Spies, The Times, 9 July 2003.

The Times, 15 July 2003: Alan Hamilton, Prince Pays Visit to Remains of the Romanovs, those old bones again. See also Nick Paton Walsh, Memorial Fuels Row Over Tsar, Guardian, 15 July 2003; Clem Cecil, Russia “Repents” with Romanov Cathedral, and Alan Hamilton, Prince Helps to Preserve Ghosts of the Gulag, The Times, 17 July 2003.

Informations Ouvrières, 23 July 2003: Samedi 30 Aôut: hommage à Léon Sedov, à Léon Trotsky et à tous les militants de toutes tendances du mouvement ouvrier victimes du Stalinisme, the annual pilgrimage. See also Porquoi nous serons présent le 30 Aôut, in 6 August issue.

Weekly Worker, 24 July 2003: Geoff Smith, Lessons of History, the history of Trotskyism.

News and Letters, July 2003: Raya Dunayevskaya, The Myth of the Invincibility of Totalitarianism, the Vorkuta Strike of 1953.

Workers Power, July–August 2003: Andy Yorke, The Birth of Bolshevism.

Guardian, 1 August 2003: Nick Paton Walsh, Missed Me! Book Tells How John Wayne Survived Soviet Assassination.

Weekly Worker, 21 August 2003: Terry Liddle, New Ways; Bev Kantner, Dictatorship; Barry Biddulph, Too Centralist, discussing Lenin and democratic centralism.

History Today, September 2003: Antony Lockley, Propaganda and the First Cold War in North Russia, 1918–1919, Bolshevik and Allied propaganda.

New Interventions, Summer 2003: Albert Glotzer, Stalin’s Place in History, from New International, May–June 1953, with introduction by Paul Flewers.

Workers Action, Summer 2003: Nick Davies, Farewell to the Vanguard Party, Lenin and Bolshevism.

Labour Movement

Action for Solidarity, 30 April 2002: Vicki Morris, Why We Are Fighting, enthusing over Stalinist mythology in the Imperial War Museum exhibition on the Spanish Civil War.

The Times, 9 May 2002: Michael Evans, MI5 Warning about Cambridge Ring Agent was Ignored, James Klugmann’s antics, new evidence on the Arcos raid.

The Times, 27 May 2002: Richard Davy, Students in Revolt, from 27 May 1968 edition.

Socialist Outlook, May–June 2002: Jay Woolrich, André Breton and the Politics of Surrealism.

Rouge, 6 June 2002: Front Unique, the history of the united front.

Workers Action, June 2002: Richard Price, Bunting, Trotsky and the South African Revolution; Edward Roux, SP Bunting and the “Native Republic” in South Africa.

Informations Ouvrières, 3 and 10 July 2002: La CGT de 1910 se dressait contre les retraites par capitalisation, a great struggle by the French trade unions. See also Le Pillage de la caisse des invalides de la marine; Les Retraites à 65 ans sont des retraites pour les morts; Répartition Capitalisation: Les Origines; La Campagne d’une organisation syndicale indépendante; Jouhaux, Neil, Guesde, Jaurès: des positions différantes; L’intervention d’un délègué au Congrès Confédéral de 1910, in subsequent issues.

Socialist Appeal, July–August 2002: Barbara Humphries, The Tolpuddle Martyrs; Rob Sewell, Into the Whirlwind: Trotskyism in the 1930s.

The Times, 6 August 2002: The Strike Effect, railway and underground drivers, police and Yorkshire miners out, from 6 August 1919 issue.

Freedom, 10 August 2002: Diarmuid Fogarty, Sacco and Vanzetti: Murdered by the State; John Patten, Recollections of Albert, remembering Albert Meltzer; see also K.A.F., David Peers, John Pilgrim, Donald Rooum, A Closed Wound?, in 7 September 2002 issue.

Independent, 4 September 2002: David Aaronovitch, Was My Father Stupid to “Serve Stalin” for Five Years, a Blairite ponders his dad’s Stalin worship.

The Times, 17 September 2002: David Sharrock, Spain Confronts its Civil War Memories.

Guardian, 26 September 2002: Jack Jones, Sam Lesser and David Marshall, Franco Fund, a protest from the International Brigade Trust.

Workers Action, Summer 2002: Richard Price, Communists and the Labour Party, 1927–29: A Sense of Déjà Vu; Class Against Class, extracts from the Communist Party’s election programme from 1929.

Informations Ouvrières, 9 October 2002: Daniel Gluckstein, Entrisme: Mythes et Réalité, the history of French Trotskyism.

London Review of Books, 17 October 2002: Perry Anderson, Confronting Defeat: a thought-provoking assessment of Eric Hobsbawm’s Age of Revolution, Age of Capital, Age of Empire and Age of Extremes.

Rouge, 24 October 2002: Jean-Michel Krivine, Procès staliniens: Il y a 50 ans: L’affaire Marty-Tillon, the expulsion of Tillon and Marty from the French Communist Party in 1953.

Guardian, 29 October 2002: Giles Tremlett, Children Stolen by Franco Finally Learn the Truth, Republican children brought up in Catholic monasteries during the Spanish Civil War.

Rouge, 31 October 2002: Archives de luttes, a look at CERMTRI’s archive of revolutionary material.

News and Letters, October 2002: Raya Dunayevskaya, The Revolt of the Workers and the Plan of the Intellectuals, US SWP internal document, 5 June 1951.

Workers Vanguard, 15 November 2002: Dog Days: James P. Cannon vs. Max Shachtman in the Communist League of America, 1931–1933, introducing the Spartacist’s Dog Days collection.

The Times, 18 November 2002: David Sharrock, Graves Debate Could Reopen Civil War Pain, investigating the graves of those executed in Spain. See also Giles Tremlett, Spanish Civil War Comes Back to Life, Guardian, 8 March 2003; Helpers Enlisted to Find Franco Victims, Guardian, 10 March 2003.

Informations Ouvrières, 20 November 2002: François Livartovsky and Gérard Iltis, Les lettres d’aujordhui sont l’hommage aux combattants d’octobre, a study day on the Russian Revolution in Paris; François Péricard, Le CERMTRI inaugure le 30 novembre la bibliotèque Gérard Bloch, CERMTRI’s facilities expanded; François Péricard, Qui était Gérard Bloch?, the Trotskyist activist and historian.

The Times, 27 November 2002: Communists and the Workless, the National Unemployed Workers Movement, from 27 November 1922 issue.

International Review, Autumn 2002: Jens, The Left Fractions and the Question of Organisational Discipline; Gatto Mammone, The Internationalist Position in the 1930s, articles on the history of Left Communism.

Workers Action, December 2002: Ernest Mandel, The Jewish Question Since World War Two, from Fourth International, April 1947, introduced by Richard Price; Jim Higgins, It’s Time to Give Left-Wing Democracy the Deodorant Treatment; Richard Price, The Strange Case of Arthur Ransome.

New Interventions, Winter 2002–03: Ian Birchall, Morris, Bax and Babeuf.

Spartacist, no. 57, Winter 2002–03: Paul Johnson Unmasked, Al Richardson Disrobed, a silly Spart attack upon this magazine.

What Next?, no. 23, 2002: John Sullivan, Santiago Carrillo: A Life in Six Acts; Andrew Burgin, Ted Grant Book Launch.

The Island (Sri Lanka), 10 January 2003: Amaradasa Fernando, Doric de Souza, A Hero Unsung, commemorating the LSSP leader.

Guardian, 27 January 2003: Giles Tremlett, Anarchists and the Fine Art of Torture, Spanish anarchists decorated their prison cells with modern art, certain to get their prisoners confessing!

Rouge, 30 January 2003: Jean-Michel Krivine, Janvier 1933: Le Cauchemar, Stalinism’s capitulation in the face of Hitler.

Informations Ouvrières, 12 February 2003: François Péricard, 12 Février 1934: les chemins de l’unité.

The Times, 14 February 2003: Garry Lloyd, Plea by Anarchist for Asylum, Miguel Garcia Garcia applies for asylum in Britain, from 14 February 1970 issue.

The Times, 3 March 2003: Daniel Finkelstein, As Memories of the Cold War Recede, It is Easy for History to be Rewritten and Crimes Erased, musing over the Stalinist past of Christopher Hill and Eric Hobsbawm.

Guardian, 15 March 2003: Bob Purdie, Fascist Refuted, defending Hugh MacDiarmid.

International Viewpoint, March 2003: Livio Maitan, From the Resistance to the New Movements, excerpts from his autobiography.

The Times, 2 April 2003: The Independent Labour Party, an ILP conference, from 2 April 1907 issue.

Independent, 9 April 2003: John Lichfield, Surreal Scenes at Sale of André Breton’s Collection. See also Pierre Roy and François Péricard, Hommage à André Breton, Informations Ouvrières, 26 March 2003.

Marxist Review, April 2003: Dave Wiltshire, Seventy Years Since Hitler Came to Power: How Stalinism Aided the Nazis.

Independent, 4 May 2003: Kevin Jackson, London Observed, a photograph of Tommy Jackson speaking in Trafalgar Square in 1924.

Guardian, 8 May 2003: Francis Beckett, They Were Both Traitors and Idealists, the Cambridge spies, graduates of Judas College?

Tribune, 16 May 2003: Paul Anderson, The Man Who Spied on Orwell, the murky tale of David Crook. See also Rob Evans, Briton Who Spied on Orwell in Spain, Guardian, 5 May 2003.

The Times, 17 May 2003: Edward Mortimer, French Confusion Over Students Revolt, looking back at 1968.

The Times, 6 June 2003: 150,000 for Sectarian Songs and Sartre Notes, Stalinist anti-Trotskyist songs found in Iris Murdoch’s papers.

Independent, 16 June 2003: Tim Luckhurst, Rogue Traders, Labour and the spooks from the Zinoviev Letter onwards.

Guardian, 18 June 2003: Graham Taylor, Orwell’s Fiction is Turning into Fact, Nineteen Eighty-Four and Stalinism.

Guardian, 21 June 2003: Among Orwell’s Suspects, Orwell’s list of fellow-travellers; John Ezard, Blair’s Babe: Did Love For This Woman Turn Orwell Into a Government Stooge?. See also Bernard Crick and Patrick Boylan, Orwell’s “Premature Anti-Stalinism”, and Fiachra Gibbons, Blacklisted Writer Says Illness Clouded Orwell’s Judgement, Guardian, 24 June 2003; Andrew Clennell, Names on Orwell’s Blacklist, The Times, 25 July 2003; Stephen Dorrill and K.E. Smith, A Stain on Orwell, Guardian, 28 June 2003; Tim Plant and Bob Vallance, Orwell Was Not a Nark, Guardian, 1 July 2003. See also Laurens Otter’s letter on Orwell and Charlie Lahr, and Sheila Leslie’s response, Guardian, 5 and 12 July 2003.

Solidarity, 26 June 2003: Chris Hickey, Documenting the Spanish Civil War and George Orwell and Today’s Left. See also Chris Hickey, Imaging the Totalitarians, in 3 July 2003 issue.

Guardian, 28 June 2003: D.J. Taylor and Scott Lucas, Orwell: Saint or Stooge?; Corin Redgrave, Idealists and Informers, his dad Michael’s involvement with the People’s Convention of 1940–41.

Declaration, June 2003: Steve Fisher, A to Z of Hidden History: B is for Borkenau, Franz Borkenau’s Spanish Cockpit.

Marxist Review, June 2003: Dave Wiltshire, Seventy Years Since Hitler Came to Power: How Stalinism Aided the Nazis.

Socialism Today, June 2003: Jon Dale, The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, 1943, borrowing rather a lot from Maurice Edelman. See also Jean-Michel Krivine, Il y a 60 ans: le ghetto de Varsovie s’insurge, Rouge, 1 May 2003; Joan Trevor, A Desperate, Defiant Stand for Freedom, Solidarity, 17 April 2003.

Critique Communiste, Spring 2003: Jay Wooldrich, André Breton, le surréalisme at la révolution.

Historical Studies in Industrial Relations, Spring 2003: John McIlroy and Alan Campbell, Beyond Betteshanger: Order 1305 in the Scottish Coalfields in the Second World War, organising opposition to Stalinist scabbing.

Prométhée, Spring 2003: François Sitel, 1919: Le Traité de Versailles, the socialist attitude at the time; Bruno Nottin, Retour sur Gramsci.

Financial Times, 5 July 2003: Leslie Crawford, Franco’s Slaves, Republican prisoners working as slave labourers on Franco’s building sites.

Guardian, 10 July 2003: John Ezard, Orwell’s List of “Crypto-Communists” to be Released.

Guardian, 17 July 2003: Giles Tremlett, Spanish War Victims Exhumed, medical workers killed by Franco’s forces.

Informations Ouvrières, 23 July 2003: Nicole Bossut-Perron, Les Journées de la Révolution française.

Informations Ouvrières, 30 July 2003: François Péricard, George Orwell, dans les rangs de la révolution espagnole, en 1937, Orwell’s articles from 1937.

Rouge, 31 July 2003: Madeleine Rebérioux, Histoire d’un refus, histoire d’une conquête; René Mouriaux, Revendications … et révolution; Jean-Pierre Debourdeau, Joyeuses occupations; Eric Lafon, L’été chavid de la fonction publique; Michele Riot-Sarcey and Denis Berger, Espoir enfoui, toujours renaissant, special issue on strikes in France.

News and Letters, July 2003: Raya Dunayevskaya, Rudolf Hilferding and the “Stability of Capitalism”.

Socialist Appeal, July–August 2003: Alan Woods Speaks in the Trotsky Museum; Interview With Ted Grant, on the history of the Trotskyist movement.

Informations Ouvrières, 6 August 2003: François Péricard, La grève générale d’aôut 1953, the French general strike of 1953.

Solidarity, 14 August 2003: Sean Matgamna and John Bloxham, Class, Trade Unions and the Workers Party; Bruce Robinson, Occupied Germany, 1945: No Favours From the Ruling Class; François Duval, When the French Left was Banned for Anti-Fascism, when Rouge was banned in 1973.

Weekly Worker, 21 August 2003: Martin Schreader, Shachtman Split.

Prométhée, Summer 2003: Émile Fabrol, 1924–1927: La Prémiere Mutation du PCF; François Ferrette, 1920–1923: L’affrontement entre Centristes et Révolutionnaires; Alfred Rosmer, Demasquer le Stalinisme, material on the early years of the French Communist Party.

Workers Action, Summer 2003: Al Richardson, How Are Revolutionary Parties Formed?, Marx and the revolutionary party; Pierre Broué, The March Action, Germany 1921, from Fourth International, Summer 1964, with an introduction by Richard Price.

International Review, Spring 2003: D.A., Notes for a History of the Workers’ Movement in Japan, part 1. Part 2 in Autumn 2003 issue.

What Next?, no. 24, 2003: Jim Mortimer, Saklatvala: A Communist Candidate on a Labour Ticket; Harry Ratner, Life After Trotskyism: A Personal Account.

What Next?, no. 25, 2003: Andrés Nin, Austro-Marxism and the National Question; Mike Pearn, Jim Higgins Memorial Meeting; Jim Higgins, 1956 and All That.

What Next?, no. 26, 2003: Bernard Moss, The Hidden Marxism of The Making of the English Working Class; Glen Farred, More on the Unity Movement.

Workers Liberty, Volume 2, no. 3, 2003: Martin Thomas, Empires and War: An Introduction to Kautsky’s Ultra Imperialism; Karl Kautsky, Ultra Imperialism; Chris Reynolds, The Marxists Against Colonialism: Introduction to Kautsky’s Socialism and Colonial Policy; Karl Kautsky, Socialism and Colonial Policy; Hal Draper, Old Empire Against New.

1917, no. 25, 2003: State Repression and the Left, mostly about the US Socialist Workers Party during the Second World War.

Robert Morrell, The Gentle Revolutionary: The Life and Work of Frank Ridley, Freethought History Research Group pamphlet.

John Newsinger, British Intervention and the Greek Revolution, Socialist History Society Occasional Paper.

Pater Taaffe and Tony Aitman, Militant’s Real History, Socialist Party pamphlet, a reply to Ted Grant’s History of British Trotskyism.


Guardian, 9 May 2002: Elizabeth Mohoney, Total Recall, the Putney Church debates of 1647 and the Levellers. See also Tristram Hunt and Giles Fraser, Revolutionary Putney, Guardian, 19 February 2003; Sebastian Sainoo-Fuller, The English Revolution in 22 February 2003 issue.

Daily Mirror, 10 May 2002: John Vincent, The World’s First News Photograph, scenes of the barricades in Paris in 1848.

Independent, 24 May 2002: Elizabeth Nash, When Bloomsbury Met Andalusia, introducing Gerald Brennan, author of The Spanish Labyrinth.

The Times, 29 May 2002: The Horrors of Civil War, the atrocities during the Paris Commune, from 29 May 1871 issue.

Socialist Outlook, May–June 2002: Matthew Jones, The Dictatorship of the Proletariat, a history of the Paris Commune.

The Times, 12 July 2002: Sir Sydney Cockerell, Daily Life, conversations with Tolstoy about William Morris, from 12 July 1903 issue.

Action for Solidarity, 18 July 2002: Lucy Clement, England’s Revolution, Levellers and Diggers again.

World Socialist Website Review, July–September 2002: I.P. and David North, An Exchange of Letters on Marx and Anti-Semitism; A.D.W. and David North, On Marx and Lassalle, Engels and Carlyle: An Exchange of Letters.

Weekly Worker, 1 August 2002: Ken Burchell, Enduring Paine, the appeal of Tom Paine; Jack Conrad, Scottish Mists and Polish Echoes, Poland, Piłsudki and Luxemburg.

Sunday Times, 4 August 2002: John Peter, Stoppard Gives Theatre Longest Day in Utopia, Tom Stoppard’s trilogy on Russia, The Coast of Utopia, with Herzen, Bakunin and Marx to the fore. See also Tom Stoppard, The Forgotten Revolutionary, Observer 2 June 2002; Michael Billington, Stoppard’s Bundle of Contradictions, Guardian, 5 August 2002; Joy Wood, Stoppard’s Dramatic Licence, Freedom, 10 August 2002; John Peter, Mission Impossible, Sunday Times, 11 August 2002; Oona Swann, The People’s Playwright Flops, Solidarity, 12 September 2002; Peter Riddell, Politicians Should Note the Speech of the Year: From a Man 132 Years Dead, The Times, 26 December 2002.

Solidarity, 8 August 2002: David Black, A Woman of Rare Talents, Helen MacFarlane, first translator of the Communist Manifesto into English. See also David Black, Helen MacFarlane: Antigone in Victorian England, News and Letters, April 2003.

The Times, 17 September 2002: Graham Stewart, Demo Brings Back School Memories of Breaking 1926 Strike, how students and public schoolboys scabbed on the General Strike.

International Review, Summer 2002: Dawson, The Resurgence of Islam: A Symptom of the Decomposition of Capitalist Social Relations, an interesting Marxist analysis.

Prométhée, Summer 2002: Albert Savani, Marx et Engels: Fondateurs de l’écologié révolutionnaire.

Guardian, 1 November 2002: Giles Tremlett, Marxists are Retards, bizarre psychological musings unearthed from Franco-era files.

Times Literary Supplement, 1 November 2002: Adam Hochschild, Letter from Cuernavaca, an interview with Vlady Kibalchich, Victor Serge’s son.

Guardian, 22 November 2002: Fiachra Gibbons, Grand Designs: Lloyd Webber to Sell Aeneid Manuscript, illuminated by William Morris, a snip at £3 million.

The Times, 28 December 2002: Duncan Fallowell, The Name of the Father, Nicholas Mosley shows how old Stalinist Joseph Losey was instructed by his comrades to mess up Mosley’s script in the film The Assassination of Trotsky – an old mystery finally cleared up.

News and Letters, December 2002: Kevin Anderson, Marx’s Eighteenth Brumaire Today; Raya Dunayevskaya, Philosophic Foundations of the Struggles for Freedom, standing Hegel back on his head again.

The Times, 3 January 2003: Events, the Siege of Sydney Street of 1911.

Independent, 13 January 2003: Days Like These, Émile Zola’s J’accuse.

The Times, 22 January 2003: Marcus Binney, Allure of William Morris Red House. See also Maev Kennedy, Momento Morris, Guardian, 22 January 2003; James Morrison, William Morris’ Lost Garden of Open-Air “Rooms” is Unearthed at the Red House, Independent, 27 April 2003; Marcus Waithe, Redness in Morris, Guardian, 11 August 2003.

Informations Ouvrières, 15 January 2003: Roger Sandri, L’État-nation et le mouvement ouvrier, the working class and the French Revolution. See also Nicole Bossut, Creusets de la démocratie, les communes de la Révolution française, in 20 November 2002 issue.

The Times, 7 February 2003: Riot and Bloodshed in Paris Streets, the Stavisky riots, from 7 February 1934 issue.

Socialist Appeal, February 2003: Phil Mitchison, The Living Ideas of Karl Marx.

Sunday Times, 2 March 2003: Alex McGregor, Unveiling Frida’s Mexico City. See also Debbie Lawson, Portrait of the Artist in the City that Inspired Her, Observer, 2 March 2003.

The Times, 7 March 2003: The Revolution in France, from 7 March 1848 issue.

Socialist Appeal, March 2003: Rob Sewell, Karl Marx: His Ideas Live On.

The Times, 5 April 2003: Graham Glendall Norton, France Finally Recognises a Hero After 200 Years, celebrating Toussaint L’Ouverture.

The Times, 19 April 2003: Blair Worden, Only a Country that Scorns its Parliament Could Forget Cromwell Like This, 350 years since the dissolution of the Rump Parliament.

Independent, 21 April 2003: Marie Woolf, Royal Cache of Forgotten Civil War Pamphlets Discovered, Charles I’s own collection of 900 pamphlets discovered in a Whitehall library.

The Times, 29 April 2003: T.F.H. Hudson, Cromwell the Great. See also Antonia Fraser and Chris Bester, Cromwell’s Influence – Warts and All, The Times, 5 May 2003.

Informations Ouvrières, 14 May 2003; Jean-Jacques Marie, À propos de la révolution Finlandaise de 1918, the Finnish Revolution of 1918.

Informations Ouvrières, 21 May 2003: Hommage à la Commune de Paris. See also Daniel Gluckstein, La Commune: un gouvernement ouvrier composé de délégues élus et revocables, in 28 May 2003 issue.

Independent, 12 June 2003: Ian Irvine, Days Like These (12 June 1381), John Ball’s sermon to the peasants; Terry Kirby, How William Morris Betrayed His Socialist Ideals with his Wallpaper. See also Mark Henderson, William Morris Wallpaper to Die For, The Times, 12 June 2003; Fiona McCarthy, Garden of Earthly Delights, Guardian, 26 July 2003.

The Times, 23 June 2003: Deaths: Giambattista Vico, a tribute to the seventeenth-century materialist philosopher of history.

The Times, 18 August 2003: William Rees-Mogg, Comment, an impudent equation of Cromwell with Alastair Campbell. See also Charles Wallis-Newport’s letter in 22 August issue.

Weekly Worker, 21 August 2003: Michael Malkin, What Makes Us Human?, Marx and philosophy.

Weekly Worker, 28 August 2003: Michael Malkin, Denying Human Nature, Marx and the human essence.

Solidarity, 4 September 2003: Oona Swann, The First Working-Class Movement, Chartism again.

International Review, Autumn 2003: Amos, Marx and the Jewish Question.

Mick Brooks, What is Historical Materialism?, Socialist Appeal pamphlet.

Victor Kiernan, Twenty Years of Europe: The Engels–Lafargue Correspondence, 1868–1888, Socialist History Society Occasional Paper.


Martin Amis, Koba the Dread, a novelist’s risible stab at historical writing: reviewed by Robert Service, How Uncle Joe Hoodwinked the West, Sunday Times, 25 August 2002; Nick Cohen, Taking Marx to the Market, Observer, 1 September 2002; Orlando Figes, A Shocking Lack of Concern, Sunday Telegraph, 1 September 2002; Colin Thubron, Martin Versus Stalin, The Times, 4 September 2002; Chris Reynolds, A Call to Let the Élite Sleep, Solidarity, 12 September 2002; Bob Archer, An Anti-Working-Class Diatribe, Workers International Press, October 2002; Sheila McGregor, Neither Washington nor Moscow, International Socialism, Winter 2002; Paul Flewers, The Evil of Banality, New Interventions, Winter 2002–03. See also Nicholas Wapshott, Few in the Left Have Been Honest Enough to Acknowledge that They Were Wrong About the Scale of Stalin’s Murders, The Times, 16 August 2002; Martin Amis, Laughter and Forgetting, Guardian, 31 August 2002; Martin Amis, Stalin’s Black Farce, Guardian, 3 September 2002; David Rice, John Flower, Claudia Hector, Douglas Rowe, Terry Monoghan and Len Snow, Amis and the Old Comrades; Christopher Hitchens, Don’t Be Silly; Paul Foot, Long Live the Nun-Killer; Sacha Ismail, Working-Class Heroes, and Roger Protz, Alex Callinicos, Stephen McKee and D.P. Harris, Amis and the Left, Guardian, 4 September 2002; Peter Thompson, Erin Pizzey and Martin Green, Civil War over Revolutionary Past, Guardian, 6 September 2002; Neal Ascherson, Nervous Laughter in the Dark, and Ian Jack, Remembrance of Crimes Past, Guardian, 7 September 2002; Johann Hari, His Dethronement is Now Time-Urgent, Independent, 8 September 2002; Jason Cowley, Catastrophe Theories, and Richard Ingrams, Hot to Trot, Observer, 8 September 2002; Geoffrey Wheatcroft, Martin’s Gang and the Battle of Stalinbad, Sunday Times, 8 September 2002; Seumas Milne, The Battle for History, Guardian, 12 September 2002; Shalom Lappin, Sikanth Bandi, Paul Mountain and Karl McCulloch, Stalin’s Legacy Lives On, Guardian, 14 September 2002; Boyd Tonkin, Leader of the Anti-Death Brigade, Independent, 14 September 2002; Nick Wright, Mike Hames and Cenan Davies, After the Revolution, Guardian, 16 September 2002; K.T., SWP and Stalinism: A Tangled Web, Revolutionary Perspectives, Winter 2002–03.

Anne Applebaum, Gulag: A History: reviewed by Vladimir Bukovsky, How Could It Happen?, Sunday Times, 11 May 2003; Simon Finch, Honouring Souls Lost in History, The Times, 14 May 2003; Catherine Merridale, A Butcher’s Bill From the Meat Grinder, Independent, 17 May 2003; Richard Overy, A World Built on Slavery, Sunday Telegraph, 18 May 2003; Cal McCrystal, Cruelty and Caprice: The Tyrants Gift to his People, Independent, 25 May 2003; Orlando Figes, Reconstructing Hell, New York Review of Books, 12 June 2003; Roy Hattersley, The Coldest Circle of Hell, Observer, 15 June 2003; Robert Service, The Accounting of Pain, Guardian, 7 June 2003. See also Alison Richards, Researching Soviet Labour Camps Was So Horrific, Anne Applebaum Found She Was Unable to Write for Long Periods and Endured Recurring Nightmares (no kidding!), Evening Standard, 9 June 2003.

Bahmad Azad, Heroic Struggle, Bitter Defeat, a Stalinist history of the Soviet Union: reviewed by William Westwell, Major Omissions in a New History of the Soviet Union, Marxist Review, August 2002.

Isaac Babel, Complete Works: reviewed by Mike Driver, Isaac Babel: Revolutionary Action was his Inspiration, Marxist Review, May 2002; Robert Chandler, On the Cutting Edge of Revolution, Independent, 7 December 2002.

Werner Bonefield and Sergio Tischier, What Is To Be Done Today?: reviewed by Derek Kerr, What Is To Be Done Today?, What Next?, no. 26, 2003.

Gordon Bowker, George Orwell: reviewed by Peter Lewis, Who Was This Man Behind Big Brother?, Daily Mail, 30 May 2003; Paul Foot, By George, They’ve Got It, Observer, 1 June 2003.

Jonathan Brent and Vladimir Naumov, Stalin’s Last Crime: The Plot Against the Jewish Doctors, 1948–53: reviewed by Rodric Braithwaite, Stalin’s Sickening Sick-Bed Strategies, Sunday Telegraph, 27 April 2003; Simon Sebag Montefiore, Deadly Intrigue, Sunday Times, 27 April 2003; Anne Applebaum, The Worst of the Terror, New York Review of Books, 17 July 2003.

John Callaghan, Cold War, Crisis and Conflict: The CPGB, 1951–68: reviewed by Paul Anderson, CP Goes Under the Microscope, Tribune, 22 August 2003.

Mark Cowley and James Martin, Marx’s Eighteenth Brumaire: (Post)Modern Interpretations: reviewed by Ray Athow, The Eighteenth Brumaire by Karl Marx, Marxist Review, January 2003.

Neil Davidson, Discovering the Scottish Revolution, 1692–1746: reviewed by G.D., 1645: Victory of the Bourgeois Revolution in Scotland, Marxist Review, August 2003.

Max Elbaum, Revolution in the Air: Sixties Radicals True to Lenin, Mao and Che: reviewed by Louis Proyect, Maoism in the USA, What Next?, no. 24, 2003.

Carlo Feltrinelli, Senior Service, biography of Giangiacomo Feltrinelli: reviewed by Niall Mulholland, Anti-Capitalist Antecedents, Socialism Today, October 2002.

Anna Funder, Stasiland: reviewed by Giles MacDonough, The Spy’s the Limit, Guardian, 7 June 2003; Richard Overy, The German Democratic Republic of Spying, Sunday Telegraph, 6 July 2003.

Philippe Gothraux, Socialisme ou Barbarie: reviewed by Cyril Gispert, Socialisme ou Barbarie, Critique Communiste, Summer–Autumn 2003.

Anthony Glees, The Stasi Files: reviewed by Richard Overy, The German Democratic Republic of Spying, Sunday Telegraph, 6 July 2003.

Ted Grant, History of British Trotskyism: reviewed by Harry Ratner, Ted Grant and Trotskyism: The Unbroken Thread, What Next?, no. 23, 2002.

Robert Harvey, Comrades: The Rise and Fall of World Communism: reviewed by Robin Blackburn, Marx and Sparks, Independent, 6 September 2003.

Mike Haynes, Russia: Class and Power, 1917–2000: reviewed by Sheila McGregor, Neither Washington nor Moscow, International Socialism, Winter 2002.

Christopher Hitchens, Orwell’s Victory: reviewed by Andy Croft, Ministry of Truth, Guardian, 25 May 2002; Noel Malcolm, Orwell’s Critics Down and Out, Sunday Telegraph, 26 May 2002; Ian McIntyre, Homage to Orwell’s Moral Genius, The Times, 29 May 2002; Brian Bamford, Orwell and His Critics, Freedom, 11 January 2003; John Carey, Orwell: The Political Writer Who Always Maintained a Critical Distance, Sunday Times, 2 June 2003; S.P. in Guardian, 28 June 2003.

Eric Hobsbawm, Interesting Times: A Twentieth-Century Life: reviewed by Tristram Hunt, Man of the Extreme Century, Observer, 22 September 2002; Niall Ferguson, What a Swell Party It Was … For Him, Sunday Telegraph, 22 September 2002; Anthony Howard, The Historian Who Never Came In From the Cold, Sunday Times, 22 September 2002; Johann Hari, An Omelette that Broke an Awful Lot of Eggs, Independent, 5 January 2003. See also Eamonn McCaba, A Question of Faith, Guardian, 14 September 2002; Stefan Collini, The Saga of Eric the Red, Independent, 14 September 2002.

Annelies Laschitza, Im Lebensrausch trotz alledem Rosa Luxemburg, Eine Biogafie, biography of Luxemburg: reviewed by Karel Ludenhoff, A Look at Laschitza’s Luxemburg, News and Letters, March 2003.

Jean-Jacques Marie, Le Trotskysme et les Trotskystes: reviewed by Eric Brédier, Informations Ouvrières, 4 December 2002.

Robert Mawdsley, The Stalin Years: The Soviet Union, 1929–1953: reviewed by C.E., An Old Anti-Communist Amalgam of Lenin and Stalin, Marxist Review, August 2003.

Priscilla Metscher, James Connolly and the Reconquest of Ireland: reviewed by Liam O Ruoaire, National Liberation and the Socialist Project, Weekly Worker, 4 September 2003.

Simon Sebag Montefiore, Stalin: The Court of the Red Tsar: reviewed by Antony Beever, Up Close and Personal with Uncle Joe, Sunday Times, 6 July 2003; Alistair Horne, Stalin and His Familiars, The Times, 9 July 2003; Robert Service, A Despot and a Flirt, Guardian, 19 July 2003; Lesley Chamberlain, At Home With Horror, Independent, 19 July 2003; Roy Hattersley, Inside a Monster’s Mind, Observer, 20 July 2003.

Wesley S. Muthiah and Sydney Wanasinghe (eds.), We Were Making History: Saga of the Hartal of August 1953: reviewed in We Were Making History, The Island (Sri Lanka), 8 December 2002.

Michael Newman, Ralph Miliband and the Politics of the New Left: reviewed by Illtyd Harrington, Stern Stuff and Tough Principles, Camden New Journal, 7 November 2002; Bernard Crick, Fiery Rhetoric and Icy Irony of a Life on the Left, Independent, 8 January 2003.

John Newsinger, British Intervention and the Greek Revolution: reviewed by Frank Henderson, Countering Captain Correlli, Socialist Review, March 2003.

August Nimitz, Marx and Engels: Their Contribution to the Democratic Breakthrough: reviewed by Paul LeBlanc, A Unique Literary Piece of Historical Works, International Viewpoint, September 2002.

José Peirats, The CNT in the Spanish Civil War: reviewed by Pat Stack, Lessons of the Revolution, Freedom, 7 September 2002.

Richard Pipes, The Dagaev Affair, Tsarist penetration of the Narodniks: reviewed by George Walden, Terrorism With a Tsarist Twist, Sunday Telegraph, 1 June 2003.

Paul Preston, Doves of War: Four Women of Spain (the Spanish Civil War represented by two Stalinists and two fascists!): reviewed by Piers Brendon, Love and Death on the Front Line, Guardian, 1 June 2002.

David Riazanov, Marx and Anglo-Russian Relations and Other Writings: reviewed by Dragan Plavšić, Socialist Review, March 2003; Paul Hampton, Revolution From Within, Solidarity, 12 June 2003; Pete Glatter, Bookmarks Review of Books, Spring 2003; Mike Driver, Riazanov’s Appreciation of Marx’s Work on Russia, Marxist Review, April 2003.

Alfred Rosmer, Boris Souvarine, Émile Fabrol and Antoine Clavez, Trotsky and the Origins of Trotskyism: reviewed by Nick Davies, French Lessons for Trotskyists, Workers Action, June 2002.

Robert Service, Lenin: A Biography: reviewed by Paolo Casciola, New Interventions, Winter 2002–03.

Sean Sheehan, Anarchism: reviewed by S.P., Guardian, 7 June 2003.

John Shephers, George Lansbury: At the Heart of Old Labour: reviewed by Kenneth Morgan, The Man Who Made Old Labour Electable, Independent, 26 November 2002.

G.S. Smith, D.S. Mirsky: A Russian-English Life, 1890–1939: reviewed by Joseph Frank, The Tragedy of Prince Mirsky, New York Review of Books, 12 June 2003.

S.A. Smith, The Russian Revolution: A Very Short Introduction: reviewed by Sheila McGregor, Neither Washington nor Moscow, International Socialism, Winter 2002.

Mark Steel, Vive la Révolution: reviewed by Nicholas Greenslade, Pithy Take On the Events of 1789, Tribune, 22 August 2003; Andrea Stuart, A Revolution that Made Us Lose Our Heads, Independent, 14 July 2003; The Digested Read, Guardian, 11 August 2003. See also extracts in When the People Dared to Dream, Independent, 11 July 2003.

William Taubman, Khrushchev: The Man and His Era: reviewed by Richard Overy, The Poor Man’s Stalin, Sunday Telegraph, 13 April 2003.

D.J. Taylor, Orwell: The Life: reviewed by Peter Lewis, Who Was This Man Behind Big Brother?, Daily Mail, 30 May 2003; Paul Foot, By George, They’ve Got It, Observer, 1 June 2003.

Suzi Weissman, Victor Serge: The Course is Set on Hope: reviewed by Iain Gairioch, New Interventions, Winter 2002–03.

James D. White, Lenin: The Theory and Practice of Revolution: reviewed by Paolo Casciola, New Interventions, Winter 2002–03.

Alan Woodward, Party Over Class: How Leninism Has Subverted Workers Council Organisations: reviewed by Martin Sullivan, An Alternative to Leninism, What Next?, no. 25, 2003.

Alexander Yakovlev, A Century of Violence in Soviet Russia, a Soviet Central Committee member turned anti-communist: reviewed by Simon Sebag Montefiore, The Man Who Knew, Sunday Times, 3 November 2002.

Slavoj Žižek, Revolution at the Gates: reviewed by Paul Feldman, No Theory, No Lenin, Socialist Future, Winter 2002.


Frank Allaun, left Labour MP, one-time supporter of Brandlerism: Edward Pearce, Frank Allaun, Guardian, 27 November 2002; Frank Allaun, The Times, 27 November 2002; Tam Dalyell, Frank Allaun, Independent, 29 November 2002.

Herbert Aptheker, US Stalinist historian: Herbert Shapiro, Herbert Aptheker, Guardian, 3 April 2003.

Milko Balev, Bulgarian Communist Party stalwart, from prewar illegality to being Zhikov’s right-hand man: Milko Balev, The Times, 31 October 2002.

Brian Behan, Stalinist, Trotskyist, then libertarian: Martin Green, Brian Behan, Guardian, 5 November 2002; Bernard Adams, Brian Behan, Independent, 6 November 2002; Brian Behan, The Times, 6 November 2002; Brian Behan and John Lawrence, Freedom, 22 March 2003.

Emilio Borbon, Spanish Socialist Party leader: Michael Mullen, Emilio Borbon, Guardian, 24 June 2003.

Alexander Buchman, veteran US Trotskyist: Alexander Buchman, Solidarity, 23 January 2003.

Robert Cheramy, veteran French Trotskyist: Pierre Lambert, Robert Cheramy, Informations Ouvrières, 28 August 2002.

Stepan Chervonenko, Soviet ambassador during the Prague Spring: Stepan Chervonenko, The Times, 21 July 2003.

Lidia Ciolkosz, Polish socialist and opponent of Stalinism: Lidia Ciolkosz, The Times, 28 June 2002.

Jimmy Deane, veteran British Trotskyist: Rob Sewell, Jimmy Deane: Proletarian Revolutionary Heart and Soul (1921–2002), Socialist Appeal, September 2002.

Kazimierz Dejmek, Polish dissident communist playwright: Kazimierz Dejmek, The Times, 7 January 2003.

Ross Dowson, veteran leader of Canadian Trotskyism: Ross Dowson, International Viewpoint, May 2002.

Howard Fast, US socialist novelist: Eric Homberger, Howard Fast, Guardian, 14 March 2003; Peter Guttridge, Howard Fast, Independent, 14 March 2003; Howard Fast, The Times, 20 March 2003.

Louis FitzGibbon, campaigner for the truth about Katyn, Louis FitzGibbon, The Times, 5 February 2003.

Max Gannet, veteran Trotskyist from Guadaloupe, Max Gannet, Rouge, 5 September 2002.

Jean-François Godchau, leader of French Trotskyist youth in Nanterre in 1968: Jean-Michel Krivine, Jean-François Godchau, Rouge, 30 January 2003.

Duncan Hallas, veteran British Trotskyist and Socialist Workers Party leader: Jim Higgins, Duncan Hallas, Guardian, 30 September 2002.

Roydon Harrison, labour movement historian: Roydon Harrison, The Times, 22 July 2002; Michael Barrett-Brown and John Halstead, Roydon Harrison, Guardian, 3 July 2002. See also David Cook’s letter in The Times, 6 August 2002.

Mansoor Hekmat, founder of the Worker Communist Parties of Iraq and Iran: Haleh Afshar, Mansoor Hekmat, Guardian, 20 July 2002; Mansoor Hekmat, Action for Solidarity, 18 July 2002.

Fritz Heine, German socialist veteran who helped exiles from Nazi Germany: Fritz Heine, The Times, 16 May 2002; David Childs, Fritz Heine, Independent, 18 May 2002; Dan van der Vat, Fritz Heine, Guardian, 30 May 2002.

Jim Higgins, former International Socialists leader and friend of this journal: Roger Protz and Nigel Fountain, Jim Higgins, Guardian, 21 October 2002; Roger Protz, Jim Higgins, Socialist Worker, 2 November 2002.

Christopher Hill, leading left-wing historian: Martin Kettle, Historian Christopher Hill Dies at 91, Guardian, 25 February 2003; Martin Kettle, Christopher Hill, Guardian, 26 February 2003; Christopher Hill, The Times, 26 February 2003; Christopher Hill, Daily Telegraph, 27 February 2003; Donald Pennington, Christopher Hill, Independent, 1 March 2003; Christopher Hill, Sunday Times, 2 March 2003; Ian Cobain, Was Oxford’s Most Famous Marxist a Soviet Mole?, The Times, 5 March 2003; Owen Bowcott, Outcry as Historian Labelled a Soviet Spy, and Penelope Cornfield, Appreciation: Christopher Hill, Guardian, 6 March 2003; Mike Macnair, Revolutionary Guide, Weekly Worker, 6 March 2003; Sir John Keegan, letter in The Times, 7 March 2003; Nick Cohen, Left In Stalin’s Shadow, Observer, 9 March 2003; Ferdinand Mount, Stalin’s Ghost Sits Too Easily Among Us, Sunday Times, 9 March 2003; John Saville and David Renton, History Will Vindicate Hill, Guardian, 10 March 2003; William Rees-Mogg, My Moral Tutor, The Man Who Disgraced Balliol, The Times, 10 March 2003; Lord Selkirk of Douglas and Richard Rawles, Christopher Hill Remembered, The Times, 11 March 2003; Brian Manning, Turning Point in History, Socialist Review, March 2003; Ed George, Christopher Hill, 1912–2003, Workers Action, April-May 2003; Alan Johnson, Christopher Hill and the Making of the English Revolution, Solidarity, 29 May 2003; Alan Johnson, Staring Down Defeat, Solidarity, 12 June 2003; The Two Souls of Christopher Hill, and Hill and Stalinism, Solidarity, 26 June 2003; John Field, Christopher Hill, 1912–2003, Marxist Review, June 2003; Christopher Hill, Bookmarks Review of Books, Spring 2003; Brian Manning, The Legacy of Christopher Hill, International Socialism, Summer 2003.

Rodney Hilton, New Left mediæval historian: Christopher Dyer, Rodney Hilton, Guardian, 10 June 2002; Professor R.H. Hilton, The Times, 21 June 2002; Peter Coss, Professor Rodney Hilton, Independent, 22 June 2002.

Jean-Pierre Hiron, Trotskyist then libertarian, French labour movement historian: Nick Heath, Jean-Pierre Hiron, Freedom, 15 June 2002.

Paul Hirst, Althusserian windbag and intellectual pseud: Mark Cousins and Colin McCabe, Professor Paul Hirst, Independent, 19 June 2003; Ben Pimlott, Professor Paul Hirst, Guardian, 20 June 2003; Professor Paul Hirst, The Times, 23 June 2003; Marjorie Guthrie Writes, Guardian, 26 June 2003.

Julius Jacobson, US socialist historian and the conscience of Shachtmanism: Julius Jacobson, 1922–2003, News and Letters, May 2003.

Pieter Keunneman, Sri Lankan Communist Party leader: Raja Collure, Keunneman Fought for Political Solution to the Ethnic Question, Daily News (Sri Lanka), 5 October 2002; Ajith Samaranayake, Pieter Keunneman: To the Last at the Barricades, Daily News, 7 October 2002

Mike Kidron, Marxist economist and early stalwart of Tony Cliff’s group: Richard Kuper and Ronald Segal, Michael Kidron, Guardian, 27 March 2003; Michael Kidron, The Times, 2 April 2003; Alex Callinicos, Mike Kidron, Socialist Worker, 5 April 2003; Vinod Moonesinghe, A Great Loss to Socialism, Socialist Worker, 12 April 2003.

Henri Krasucki, French Stalinist CGT bureaucrat who negotiated the sell-out in 1968: Douglas Johnson, Henri Krasucki, Guardian, 4 March 2003; Xavier Rouselin, Henri Krasucki, Rouge, 6 February 2003.

István Lakatos, a member of the Petöfi Circle in Hungary: George Gomori, István Lakatos, Guardian, 6 July 2002.

John Lawrence, Trotskyist, Stalinist, then libertarian: Lee Gordon, John Lawrence: Rebel Council Leader, Camden New Journal, 21 November 2002; Brian Behan and John Lawrence, Freedom, 22 March 2003.

Leonora Lloyd, British Trotskyist, daughter of Charlie Van Gelderen: Charlie Langford, Leonora Lloyd, Workers Action, June 2002.

Eddie Loyden, historian and friend of the movement: Andrew Roth, Eddie Loyden, Guardian, 5 May 2003.

Betty Matthews, notorious British Stalinist witch-hunter: Sarah Benton, Betty Matthews, Guardian, 6 June 2002.

Joel Merrien, French Trotskyist: Jean-Franéois Jézéqual, Joel Merrien (César), Rouge, 15 May 2003.

Arthur Moyse, anarchist cartoonist: Mo Mosely, Arthur Moyse, Freedom, 8 March 2003; David Peers, Arthur Moyse, Guardian, 13 May 2003.

Pelai Pagès, historian of the POUM: Michael Mullan, Pelai Pagès, Guardian, 24 May 2003.

William Phillips, editor of Partisan Review, the New York journal once sympathetic to Trotsky: Andrew Rosenheim, William Phillips, Independent, 19 September 2002.

Alina Pienkowska, hero of the Gdansk strike of 1980: Urszula Wislanka, Alina Pienkowska, 1952–2002, News and Letters, December 2002; Alina Pienkowska, The Times, 30 October 2002; Jan Repa, Alina Pienkowska, Independent, 4 November 2002.

Luigi Pintor, editor of Il Manifesto: Philip Willan, Luigi Pintor, Guardian, 20 May 2003.

Sabaratnam Rasendran: Sabaratnam Rasendran, 1947–2002: Veteran Sri Lankan Trotskyist Dies in Colombo, World Socialist Website Review, April–May 2002.

Henri Rol-Tanguy, French communist resistance leader who accepted the German surrender of Paris, then surrendered it to the bourgeoisie: Henri Rol-Tanguy, The Times, 11 September 2002; Stephen Jessel, Henri Rol-Tanguy, Guardian, 12 September 2002; Rol-Tanguy est mort, Rouge, 12 September 2002.

Laurent Schwartz, French Trotskyist and leading mathematician: Jean-Michel Krivine, Le Départ d’un ancien Trotskyste à vie, Rouge, 18 July 2002; Laurent Schwartz, The Times, 5 August 2002.

Mobit Sen, Indian Communist Party leader and pupil of Rajani Palme Dutt: Haresh Pandya, Mobit Sen, Guardian, 14 May 2003.

Walter Sisulu, South African Communist Party leader: Walter Sisulu, The Times, 7 May 2003.

Tony Southall, veteran British Trotskyist: Gordon Morgan Tony Southall: Peace Campaigner, Labour Activist, Marxist, Socialist Outlook, Summer 2002.

Gerald Suberville, French communist resistance leader who opposed handing power to the bourgeoisie in 1945: Gerald Suberville est decédé, Informations Ouvrières, 31 July 2002.

René Théodore, Haitian Communist Party leader: Greg Chamberlain, René Théodore, Guardian, 20 June 2003; René Théodore, The Times, 3 July 2003.

To Huu, Vietnamese Stalinist and poet: To Huu, The Times, 11 December 2002; Judy Stowe, To Huu, Independent, 21 December 2002.

Stanislaw Tomkiewicz, Le Communiste entrist into the French Communist Party, Jean-Michel Krivine, Stanislaw Tomkiewicz, Rouge, 23 January 2003.

Tran Do, Vietnam National Liberation Front general turned critic: Judy Stowe, Tran Do, Independent, 21 August 2002; John Gittings, Dissident Fury at Hanoi’s Barb, Guardian, 15 August 2002.

Pierre Turpin, French Trotskyist and labour movement historian: Thierry Labica, Pierre Turpin, Rouge, 6 June 2002.

Charlie Van Gelderen, veteran Trotskyist from South Africa: Richard Price, Charlie Van Gelderen, Workers Action, June 2002.

Dave Van Ronk, folk and blues singer, Trotskyist and later anarchist: Fred Mazelis, Dave Van Ronk, Folk and Blues Artist, Dead at 65, World Socialist Website Review, April–May 2002.

Meir Vilner, Israeli Communist Party leader: Lawrence Joffe, Meir Vilner, Guardian, 21 June 2003; Meir Vilner, The Times, 17 June 2003.

Wang Fanxi, Chinese Trotskyist: Din Wong, Veteran Chinese Trotskyist Wang Fan-Hsi Dies, Solidarity, 23 January 2003; Rob Sewell, Wang Fanxi, Chinese Trotskyist, 1907–2002, Socialist Appeal, February 2003; Din Wong, Wang Fan-Hsi: Chinese Revolutionary; Garth Frankland, The Most Non-Sectarian of Trotskyists; Alan Thornett, The Last of the Pioneers, Socialist Resistance, February 2003; Wang Fanxi 1907-2002, Workers Action, February–March 2003; Pierre Rousset, Obituary: Wang Fanxi, 1907–2002, International Viewpoint, March 2003; Gregor Benton, Wang Fanxi, Guardian, 21 April 2003.

Ray Watkinson, Stalinist admirer of William Morris: Peter Faulkner, Ray Watkinson, Independent, 25 March 2003.

Fred Zeller, leader of Trotskyist entry work into the French Socialist Youth in 1935: Pierre Lambert, Fred Zeller (1912–2003), Informations Ouvrières, 19 February 2003; Laurent Doves, Climat fraternal, Rouge, 27 February 2003.

Updated by ETOL: 22.10.2011