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Dwight Macdonald

Twenty-five Million of Us

(September 1939)

From New International, Vol.5 No.9, September 1939, Page 268-287.
Charts by Nancy Macdonald.
Transcribed & marked up by Einde O’ Callaghan for the Encyclopaedia of Trotskyism On-Line (ETOL).

“While it isn’t written in the Constitution, nevertheless it is the inherent duty of the Federal government to keep its citizens from starving.” – Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1933.

“The Federal government must and shall quit this business of relief.” – Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1935.



I. Relief Under the Old Deal

II. New Deal Relief, 1933-1938

III. Relief in 1939, the Year of Transition

IV. The Future of Relief Under the New Deal


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Last updated: 27.12.2005