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Dwight Macdonald

Twenty-five Million of Us

(September 1939)

From New International, Vol. V No. 9, September 1939, pp. 268–287.
Charts by Nancy Macdonald.
Transcribed & marked up by Einde O’ Callaghan for the Encyclopaedia of Trotskyism On-Line (ETOL).

“While it isn’t written in the Constitution, nevertheless it is the inherent duty of the Federal government to keep its citizens from starving.” – Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1933.

“The Federal government must and shall quit this business of relief.” – Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1935.



I. Relief Under the Old Deal

II. New Deal Relief, 1933–1938

III. Relief in 1939, the Year of Transition

IV. The Future of Relief Under the New Deal


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Last updated: 4 March 2016