MIA: History: USA: The Civil Rights Movement

The Civil Rights Movement

(Under development)


From M.I.A. Encyclopedia: Civil Rights Movement (U.S.) and U.S. Civil Rights Movement.



Malcolm X

Malcolm X (1925-1965)

Black nationalist freedom fighter; Muslim Minister, formerly of the Nation of Islam, which he helped build from an organisation of hundreds to hundreds of thousands. Assassinated.

See Malcolm X Archive.



James Forman

James Forman (1928-2005)

Prominent African-American leader in the civil rights movement. He was active in the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), the Black Panther Party, and the League of Revolutionary Black Workers. As the executive secretary of SNCC from 1961 to 1966, Forman played a significant role in the Freedom Rides, the Albany movement, the Birmingham campaign, and the Selma to Montgomery marches.

See James Forman Archive.


Martin Luther King (1929-1968)

Martin Luther King

Baptist minister who was one of the most prominent leaders in the civil rights movement until his assassination in 1968. King advanced civil rights for people of color in the United States through nonviolence and civil disobedience.


The Great March to Freedom, Detroit, June 23, 1963. [30 Mb]

I have a dream ..., Washington D.C., August 18, 1963. [16 Mb]

Free At Last, Atlanta, February 4, 1968. [20 Mb]

Beyond Vietnam, New York City, April 4, 1967.



National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (N.A.A.C.P.)

Crisis magazine



Last updated on 16 April 2023