Philosophy of History

Lectures on World History, 1900 (1.1Mb)
General Introductionalternate translation


Original History

Reflective History

Philosophic History

i Reason rules world
ii Destiny of Reason

(1) Abstract Spirit
(2) Means Used
(3) The State

iii World History

The first edition of The Philosophy of History (1837 - E. Gans, ed.) was based primarily on lectures presented by Hegel in the winter of 1830-31. With the exception of certain parts of the Introduction, it was based solely on the notes of those attending the lectures. The material was later reworked by Hegel's son, Charles Hegel, who included material from lectures dating to 1822 and Hegel's own manuscripts.
This e-text was translated by J. Sibree, was scanned and rendered into HTML by Carl Mickelsen. Permission is granted for electronic copying, distribution in print form for educational purposes and personal use. No permission is granted for commercial use of this material.