MIA: History: USA: Publications


The Ohio Socialist Masthead

The Ohio Socialist began as a monthly publication. By the fall of 1917 its frequency had been increased to semi-monthly status and its circulation had grown to about 4,000 copies per issue. It would later move to weekly status starting with Issue No. 22 in July 1918.
The year year 1919, with the European war over and the Russian Revolution consolidating itself, was to be one of phenomenal growth for the Socialist Party of America as thousands joined the ranks of the party through its non-English language federations. Local Cuyahoga County (Cleveland) was one important center of federation activity, including substantial Polish, Russian, and Croatian contingents.
Nationally, a revolutionary socialist Left Wing Section emerged and organized itself beginning early in 1919 with the Socialist Party of Ohio shifting decisively into this new camp. A massive May Day march held by the Socialist Party in Cleveland ended in a riot provoked by right wing counter-demonstrators and aggressive police action, further fueling the revolutionary temper of the Ohio Party. That revolutionary temper found it's voice in The Ohio Socialist.
The organization's endorsement of the Left Wing Manifesto sponsored by the Left Wing Section was met in July 1919 by the group's suspension from the Socialist Party of America by a right wing National Executive Committee intent upon overturning its defeat in party elections and in packing the forthcoming Emergency National Convention in Chicago.
In November 1919 the paper was made into the "labor organ" of the CLP and its name was changed to The Toiler, with its editorial offices to New York City around the first of 1920. There the paper was briefly edited by James P. Cannon, best remembered as the founding father of the American Trotskyist movement.


Special Note of thanks to the following individuals and institutions that made copies of The Ohio Socialist available and help scan and process them for this archive: Dr. Marty Goodman and Robin Palmer of the The Riazanov Project and David Walters from the Marxists Internet Archive and the Holt Labor Library.

No.13, 10 January 1918
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Party of Ohio. Published in Cleaveland.

No. 14, 25, January 1918
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Party of Ohio. Published in Cleaveland.

No. 15, 11 February 1918
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Party of Ohio. Published in Cleaveland.

No. 16, 10 March 1918
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Party of Ohio. Published in Cleaveland.

No. 17, 25 March 1918
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Party of Ohio. Published in Cleaveland.

No. 22, 11 June 1918
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Party of Ohio. Published in Cleaveland.

No. 23, 2 July 1918
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Party of Ohio. Published in Cleaveland.

No. 24, 9 July 1918
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Party of Ohio. Published in Cleaveland.

No. 25, 17 July 1918
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Party of Ohio. Published in Cleaveland.

No. 26, 24 July 1918
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Party of Ohio. Published in Cleaveland.

No. 27, 31 July 1918
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Party of Ohio. Published in Cleaveland.

No. 28, 7 August 1918
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Party of Ohio. Published in Cleaveland.

No. 30, 21 August 1918
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Party of Ohio. Published in Cleaveland.

No. 31, 28 August 1918
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Party of Ohio. Published in Cleaveland.

No. 43, 20 November 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky

No. 44, 27 November 1918
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky

No. 45, 4 December 1918
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky

No. 46, 11 December 1918
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky

No. 47, 18 December 1918
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky

No. 48, 25 December 1918
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky

No. 49, 1 January 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky

No. 51, 15 January 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 52, 22 January 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 53, 29 January 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 54, 5 February 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 55, 12 February 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 56, 19 February 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 57, 26 February 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 58, 5 March 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 58-supp, March 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 59, 12 March 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 60, 19 March 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 61, 26 March 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 62, 2 April 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 63, 9 April 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 63 Supp., 9 April 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 64, 16 April 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 65, 23 April 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 66, 30 April 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 67, 8 May 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 68, 14 May 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 69, 21 May 1919 [damaged]
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 70, 28 May 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 71, 4 June 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 72, 11 June 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 73, 18 June 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 74, 25 June 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 75, 2 July 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 76, 9 July 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 77, 16 July 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 78, 23 July 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 79, 6 August 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 80, 18 August 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 81, 20 August 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 82, 27 August 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 83, 3 September 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 84, 10 September 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 85, 17 September 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 86, 24 September 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Parties of Ohio and Kentucky, West Virginia and New Mexico

No. 87, 4 October 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Party of Ohio. Published in Cleaveland.

No. 88, 8 October 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Party of Ohio. Published in Cleaveland.

No. 89, 15 October 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Party of Ohio. Published in Cleaveland.

No. 90, 22 October 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Party of Ohio. Published in Cleaveland.

No. 91, 29 October 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Party of Ohio. Published in Cleaveland.

No. 92, 5 November 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Party of Ohio. Published in Cleaveland.

No. 93, 12 November 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Party of Ohio. Published in Cleaveland.

No. 94, 19 November 1919
The Ohio Socialist
Official Organ of the Socialist Party of Ohio. Published in Cleaveland.