Marxists Internet Archive: Mikhail Gorbachev


MIKHAIL GORBACHEV



 

Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (2 March 1931, Privolnoye, Russian SFSR – 30 August 2022, Moscow, Russia) was a Soviet and Russian politician who served as the eighth and final leader of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics from 1985 until the country's dissolution in 1991.

He was General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1985 and head of state of the USSR beginning in 1988, Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet from 1988 to 1989, Chairman of the Supreme Soviet from 1989 to 1990, and President of the USSR from 1990 to 1991.

He was responsible for introducing the reform policies known as Glasnost and Perestroika.

 

 

WRITINGS AND STATEMENTS

1984:  Report to the "Perfection of Developed Socialism and the Party's Ideological Work in the Light of the Decisions of the June 1983 Plenary Meeting of the CPSU Central Committee" All-Union Conference of the CPSU (Soviet News, 12 December)

1986: Closing Speech at the 27th Congress of the CPSU

1986: Political Report of the Central Committee to the 27th Congress of the CPSU

1987: Mikhail Gorbachev's Speech at Rally in Prague

1987: Mikhail Gorbachev's report to the plenary meeting of the CPSU Central Committee (Soviet News, July 1, pages 221-231, 240-241, 244)

1987: Mikhail Gorbachev's reply to participants in Soviet-America 'Peace Walk' (Soviet News, 15 July, page 253)

1987: “Let the North of the globe, the Arctic, become a zone of peace.”

1987: Speech upon presenting the city of Murmansk with the Order of Lenin and the Gold Star medal (Soviet News, 7 October, pages 353-357, 362-363)

1987: Gorbachev's Meeting with "Initiative-87" (Soviet News, 7 October, pages 358-361, 364)

1987: Speech regarding the October 1987 Plenary Meeting of the CPSU Central Committee resolutions concerning Boris Yeltsin  (Soviet News, 18 November, pages 413-416)

1987: Message to the Indian People on Innauguration of Soviet Festival in New Delhi (Soviet News, 18 November, page 416)

1987: Opening Remarks at Conference of the CPSU Central Committee  (Soviet News, 25 November, pages 421-424)

1987: Speech at USSR Embassy Dinner in Honor of U.S. President Reagan (Soviet News, 16 December, pages 445, 448)

1987: Speech on the White House lawn, Washington (Soviet News, 16 December, page 445)

1987: Speech at Meeting with Representatives of the U.S. Public (Soviet News, 16 December, pages 446, 452)

1987: Remarks at Signing of Soviet-American Treaty  (Soviet News, 16 December, page 447)

1987: Speech at Luncheon Given by U.S. State Department  (Soviet News, 16 December, pages 447, 454)

1987: Press Conference at USSR Embassy in Washington (Soviet News, 16 December, page 451)

1987: Speech on Soviet Television  (Soviet News, 16 December, pages 453-454)

1987: Speech at Meeting with Leaders of U.S. Congress (Soviet News, 16 December, pages 448, 455)

1987: Mikhail Gorbachev Speaks in Berlin (Soviet News, 16 December, page 455)

1988: New Year Address to the Soviet People (Soviet News, 6 January, pages 1-2)

1988: New Year Address to the American People (Soviet News, 6 January, page 2)

1988: Democratization - The Essence of Perestroika, the Essence of Socialism

1988: Report and speeches at the 19th All-Union Conference of the CPSU (28 June - 1 July, 1988)

1988: On Practical Work to Implement the Decisions of the 19th All-Union Party Conference. Report at the Plenary Meeting of the CPSU Central Committee

1989: On the Agrarian Policy of the CPSU in the Present Conditions

1990: Political Report of the Central Committee to the 28th Party Congress and the Party's Tasks

1990: Summation of Political Debate at the 28th Congress of the CPSU

1990: Concluding Remarks at the 28th Congress of the CPSU

1990: Mikhail Gorbachev addresses Lenin anniversary meeting (Soviet News, 25 April, page 133)

1990: Mikhail Gorbachev's speech at the White House (Soviet News, 6 June, page 181)

1990: Soviet President's speech at reception (Soviet News, 6 June, page 181)

1990: Soviet President's speech at Stanford University (Soviet News, 30 May [6 June], page 185)

1990: Address to the Spanish Parliament  (Soviet News, 31 October, pages 362, 364, 366) 

1990: Speech in Red Square to mark the 73rd Anniversary of the 1917 Great October Revolution (Soviet News, 14 November, pages 377, 382) 

1990: Speech on Signing the Treaty on Good-neighborliness in Bonn (Soviet News, 14 November, pages 378) 

1990: Remarks upon presenting a Bill, "On Amendments and Addenda to the USSR Constitution in View of Streamlining the System of State Administration", to Parliament (Soviet News, 12 December, pages 409, 411) 

1990: Mikhail Gorbachev's Report to the Congress of People's Deputies (Soviet News, 19 December, pages 417-420, 424) 

1991: Televised Statement on the Gulf War (Soviet News, 23 January, page 17) 

1991: Mikhail Gorbachev's speech at session of Supreme Soviet (Soviet News, 23 January, page 18) 

1991: Statement on the Baltics (Soviet News, 30 January, page 25) 

1991: Televised Address on the Union Referendum (Soviet News, 13 February, pages 41-42) 

1991: Statement on the Gulf Crisis (Soviet News, 13 February, page 42)

1991: Resignation Speech