Marxists Internet Archive: Mikhail Gorbachev
Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (2 March 1931, Privolnoye, Russian SFSR – 30 August 2022, Moscow, Russia) was a Soviet and Russian politician who served as the eighth and final leader of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics from 1985 until the country's dissolution in 1991.
He was General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1985 and head of state of the USSR beginning in 1988, Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet from 1988 to 1989, Chairman of the Supreme Soviet from 1989 to 1990, and President of the USSR from 1990 to 1991.
He was responsible for introducing the reform policies known as Glasnost and Perestroika.
WRITINGS AND STATEMENTS
1984: Report to the "Perfection of Developed Socialism and the Party's Ideological Work in the Light of the Decisions of the June 1983 Plenary Meeting of the CPSU Central Committee" All-Union Conference of the CPSU (Soviet News, 12 December)
1987: Mikhail Gorbachev's reply to participants in Soviet-America 'Peace Walk' (Soviet News, 15 July, page 253)
1990: Mikhail Gorbachev addresses Lenin anniversary meeting (Soviet News, 25 April, page 133)
1990: Mikhail Gorbachev's speech at the White House (Soviet News, 6 June, page 181)
1990: Soviet President's speech at reception (Soviet News, 6 June, page 181)
1990: Soviet President's speech at Stanford University (Soviet News, 30 May [6 June], page 185)