V. I.   Lenin

The Agrarian Question and the “Critics of Marx”[1]

Written: Written in the autumn of 1907
Published: First published in 1908: Chapters X-XI in the miscellany: Vl. Ilyin, The Agrarian Question, Part I, St. Petersburg, and Chapter XII in the collection Current Life, St. Petersburg. Published according to the text in the miscellany and the collection.
Source: Lenin Collected Works, Progress Publishers, 1972, Moscow, Volume 13, pages 169-216.
Translated: Bernard Isaacs
Transcription\Markup: R. Cymbala
Public Domain: Lenin Internet Archive (2004). You may freely copy, distribute, display and perform this work; as well as make derivative and commercial works. Please credit “Marxists Internet Archive” as your source.README


X. The “Work” of the German Bulgakov, E. David  171
XI. Livestock in Small and Large Farms  182
XII. The “Ideal Country” from the Standpoint of the Opponents of Marxism on the Agrarian Question[10101010 10101010]  194



[1] The Agrarian Question and the “Critics of Marx” was written between 1901 and 1907. The first four chapters were published in Zarya, Nos. 2-3, for December 1901, under the title “The ‘Critics’ on the Agrarian Question (First Essay)”; the contribution bore the signature of N. Lenin. The chapters were published legally in Odessa in 1905 by the Burevestnik Publishers as a separate pamphlet entitled The Agrarian Question and the “Critics of Marx”. This title was retained by the author for subsequent publications of the essay, in whole or in part.

Chapters V-IX were first published in February 1906 in the legal magazine Obrazovaniye (Education), No. 2, where they were given subtitles; Chapters I-IV, published in Zarya and in the 1905 edition, had none.

The nine chapters .with two additional ones (X and XI) were first published together in 1908 in St. Petersburg in The Agrarian Question, Part I, by Vi. Ilyin (V. I. Lenin), Chapters I-IV having subtitles; some editorial changes were made in the text and some notes added.

Chapter XII (the last) was first published in 1908 in the collection Current Life.

The first nine chapters are given in Vol. 5, pp. 103-222 of the present edition. Volume 13 contains Chapters X, XI, XII, written in 1907.

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