History of The First International by G. M. Stekloff


This contains the names of the chief works dealing with or throwing light on the origin and history of the International Workingmen’s Association. Much of the information collated by the author is, however, derived from the files of various periodicals. These are all mentioned in the text or in Reference Notes, at places enumerated in the index.

“L'Alliance de la Démocratic socialiste et l'Association Internationale des Travailleurs,” 1873.

ANDLER CHARLES, “Le manifeste communiste,” two vols., Paris, 1906 – 1910.

ANDRIEUX, Louis “Souvenirs d'un Prefet de Police,” two vols., Rouff, Paris, 1885.

BAKOUNINE, MICHEL “Oeuvres,” six vols., Stock, Paris, 1895 – 1913 (edited by James Guillaume).


BEER, M., “A History of British Socialism,” two vols., Bell, London, 1919 – 1920.

BROUSSE, PAUL, “Le marxisme dans 1'Internationale,” 1882.

BRUHBACHER, FRITZ, “Marx and Bakunin,” Munich, 1913.

COMMONS, JOHN R. AND ASSOCIATES, “History of Labour in the United States,” two vols., The Macmillan Company, New York, 1918.

“Congrès ouvrier de 1'Association International des Travailleurs tenu à Genève du 3 au 8 septembre 1866,” Geneva, 1866. (Compiled by Card, alias Czwierzakiewicz).

“Compte – rendu officiel du troisième congrès de 1'Association Internationale des Travailleurs,” Brussels, 1868.

“Compte – rendu officiel du sixième congres general de 1'Association Internationale des Travailleurs,” Locle, 1874.

“Compte – rendu officiel du septième congrès general de l'Association Internationale des Travailleurs,” Verviers, 1875.

“Compte – rendu officiel du huitième congres general de 1'Association Internationale des Travailleurs,” Berne, 1876.

“Compte – rendu des séances du congrès socialiste tenu a Gand 9 – 16 septembre, 1877,” (Privately printed.)


DUBREUILH, Louis “La commune,” being pp. 250 – 496 of vol. XI. of Jean Jaurès’ “Histoire Socialiste, 1789 – 1900.”

DUTT, R. PAME, “The Two Internationals,” Labour Research Department, and Allen and Unwin, 1920.

ECCARIUS, J. GEORG, “Eines Arbeiters Widerlegung der national – oekonomischen Lehren John Stuart Mill’s,” Berlin, 1869; this was the German text of articles published in English in the “Commonwealth,” 1866 and 1867, under the caption “A Working Man’s Refutation of Some Points of Political Economy endorsed and advocated by John Stuart Mill, Esq., M.P.”

EICHHOFF, WILHELM, “Die Internationale Arbeiterassociation,” Berlin, 1868.

ENGELS, FRIEDRICH, “Die Lage der arbeitenden Klasse in England,” Leipzig, 1845;English translation by F. K. Wischenewetzky, “The Condition of the Working Class in England in 1844,” London, 1892.


FRIBOURG, E. E. “L'association internationale des travailleurs,” Paris, 1871.

GAMMAGE, R. G., “History of the Chartist Movement,” London, 1894.

GEOFFREY, GUSTAVE, “L'enfermé” (Blanqui), Paris, 1897.

GUILLAUME, JAMES, “L'Internationale, documents et souvenirs, 1864 – 1878,” four vols., Paris, 1905 – 1910.

HILLQUIT, MORRIS, “History of Socialism in the United States,” Funk and Wagnalls, New York and London, 1906.

JAECKH, GUSTAV, “Die Internationale,” Leipzig, 1904; English translation by Jacques Bonhomme, “The International, a Sketch,” Twentieth Century Press, London, 1904.

LANJALLEY, PAUL, and CORRIEZ, PAUL, “Histoire de la révolution du 18 Mars,” Paris, 1871.

LAVELEYE, EMILE DE, “Le socialisme contemporain,” Alcan, Paris, fourth edition, 1888; English translation by Goddard H. Orpen, Field and Tuer, London.

“Les prétendues scissions dans 1'Internationale,” Geneva, 1872.

LISSAGARY, PROSPER, “Histoire de la Commune de 1871,” Brussels, 1876; English translation by Eleanor Marx Aveling, “History of the Commune of 1871”, Reeves and Turner, London, 1886.

MARX, KARL, “Briefe und Auszüge aus Briefen aus F. A. Sorge und Andere,” Dietz, Stuttgart, 1906.

MARX, KARL and ENGELS, FRIEDRICH, “Briefwechsel zwischen Engels und Marx,” issued by August Bebel and Eduard Bernstein, four viols., Dietz, Stuttgart, 1913.

MARX, KARL, “’the Civil War in France” (“The Story of the Commune of 1871”; republished in Raymond W. Postgate’s “Revolution,” and as a separate reprint from that work).

MARX, KARL. “Letters to Kugelmann,” printed in the “Neue Zeit” during 1902.

MARX, KARL, and ENGELS, FRIEDRICII “Manifesto of the Communist Party,” new translation (1917) by Eden and Cedar Paul, published by Martin Lawrence.

MARX, KARL, “Misère de le philosophie,” Franck, Paris, 1847; also Giard and Brière, Paris , 1896;English translation by Harry Quelch, “ The Poverty of Philosophy,” Twentieth Century Press, London, 1900.

MARX, KARL, and ENGELS, FRIEDRICH, “Enthüllungen über den Kommunistenprozess in Koln,” Zurich, 1885. [“’trial of the Communists in Cologne.”]

MARX, KARL, and ENGELS, FRIEDRICH, [“The Alliance of the Socialist democracy and the International Workingmen’s Association.”] This was a report issued in 1873 by a special committee of the International. – See Note 256 on p.414. – A German translation, by Wilhelm Blos, was published at Stuttgart in 1920 by the Volksverlag für Wirthschaft und Verkehr. – The translator entitles this German pamphlet “Marx oder Bakunin, Demokratie odor Diktatur,” prefixing a foreword and appending notes to emphasise his menshevik view that “bolshevism is a revival of Bakuninism.”

MEHRING, FRANZ, “Geschichte der deutschen Sozialdemokratie,” two vols., Dietz, Stuttgart, 1897 and 1898.

“Mémoire adressé par la Fédération jurassienne de 1'Association Internationale des Travailleurs à toutes les Fédérations de l'Internationale,” Sonvillier, 1873.

MEYER, RUDOLF, “Der Emancipationskampf des vierten Standes,” Berlin, 1874.

MICHELS, ROBERT, “Political Parties,” translated from the Italian by Eden and Cedar Paul, London, 1915,

NETTLAU, MAX, “Bibliographie de 1'anarchie,” Paris and Brussels, 1897.

NETTLAU, MAX, “Michael Bakunin,” three vols., lithographed manuscript. (There is a copy in the British Museum Library). In German.

NETTLAU, MAX, “Michael Bakunin,” Berlin, 1901. (This is an abridgement of the larger lithographed work in three volumes. Also in German.)

POSTGATE, RAYMOND W., “The Workers’ International,” Swarthmore Press, Harcourt Brace and Howe, and Allen and Unwin, 1920.

PREAUDAU, MARC DE, “Michel Bakounine, Le collectivisme dans L'Internationale,” Paris, 1912.

PRICE M. PHILIPS, “Germany in Transition,” Labour Publishing Company, London, 1923.

“Protokoll des Internationalen Arbeiter – Congres zu Paris, 1880,” Nuremberg, 1890. (A German translation by Wilhelm Liebknecht, with a preface by the same.)

“Report of the Fourth Annual Congress of the International Workingmen’s Association,” London, 1869.

ROTHSTEIN, THEODORE, “Aus der Vorgeschichte der Internationale” [“A Prelude to the History of the International”], Supplement to the “Neue Zeit,” No. 17, Octobcr 31, 1913.

RYAZANOFF, D. “Marx and Engels,” Martin Lawrence, 1927.

RYAZANOFF, D. [“Origins of the First International in Marx – Engels Archives,” vol. I.], Moscow, 1924.

SOMBART, WERNER, “Sozialismus und Soziale Bewegung,” sixth edition, Fischer, Jena, 1908; English translation by M. Epstein, Dent, London, 1909, and Dutton, New York, 1909.

STEKLOFF, G. M., [“History of the Working – Class Movement”], State Publishing House, Moscow, 1921.

STERKOFF, G. M., “Karl Marx,” State Publishing House, Moscow, third edition, 1923.

STEKLOFF, G. M., [“Marx and the Anarchists,” in the collection, “Memoirs of Karl Marx”], St. Petersburg, 1908.

STEKLOFF, G. M., “Michael Bakunin,” Stuttgart, 1913,

STEKLOFF, G. M., “Proudhon,” Petrograd, 1918 (available in Russian only).

TESTUT, OSCAR, “L'Association Internationale des Travailleurs,” Lyons, 1870.

TESTUT, OSCAR, “L'Internationale et le jacobisme au ban de 1'Europe,” two vols., Lachaud, Paris, 1872.

TESTUT, OSCAR, “Le livre bleu de l'Internationale,” Lachard, Paris, 1871.

THOMAS, ALBERT, “Le Second Empire,” being vol. X. of the “Histoire Socialiste,” edited by Jean Jaurès, Rouff, Paris.

TSOBEL, E. [History of the Communist League, in Marx – Engels Archives, vol. I] Moscow, 1924.

VILLETARD, EDMOND, “Histoire de 1'Internationale,” Garnier, Paris, 1872; English translation by Susan M. Day, “History of the International,” Richmond and Co., New Haven, Conn., 1874.

WEILL, GEORGES, “Histoire du mouvement social en France, 1852 – 1902,” Alcan, Paris, 1905.

WEILL, GEORGES, “Histoire du parti republicain en France, 1814 – 1870,” Alcan, Paris, 1900.

YASHCHENKO, A., [“Socialism and Internationalism”], Moscow, 1907.

ZASULICH, VERA, [“A Sketch of the History of the International Workingmen’s Association], Geneva, 1889; republished as part of [“A Collection of Essays”], in two vols., St. Petersburg, 1907.