Works of Lev Vygotsky

Primitive Man and his Behavior

Written: c. 1930;
Source: Ape, Primitive Man, and Child: Essays in the History of Behaviour. A. R. Luria and L. S. Vygotsky.
Chapter 1 and Chapter 2 are by Vygotsky; Ch. 3 is by Luria. Only Chapter two is reproduced below in HTML, the Preface and Chapter 1 are in image-pdf;
Published: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1992. Translated by Evelyn Rossiter;
Transcribed: Andy Blunden.

NB: “Primitive man”, in the sense in which Vygotsky uses the term, does not exist anywhere at the present time. The term refers to the starting point for the historical development of human behavior. Material for the psychology of primitive man is provided by data concerning prehistoric man, the peoples situated at earlier forms of cultural development and the comparative psychology of peoples of different cultures. “Man” is used throughout in the manner common until the 1960s, to refer to both male and female people, and the text has not been corrected.


Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Three Planes of Psychological Development

Three Theories of Psycho-Cultural Development

Primitive Man as a Biological Type

The Memory of Primitive Man

Connection between Thought and development of Language

Numerical Operations of Primitive Man

Primitive Behavior