MIA: Encyclopedia of Marxism: Glossary of Places




A Bolshevik legal printing house, founded in St. Petersburg at the beginning of 1913, existed until 1914; and resumed publishing in 1917.



Once a part of the Holy Roman Empire, Prussia became a soverign state in 1701 (King Fredrick I (1701-1713 ), with its capital at Berlin. After the revolution of 1848, the crown (Fredrick-Wilhem IV) refused the abdicate power to the parliament.

In 1871, after the Franco-Prussian war (see also the Paris Commume) Prussia united the broken up states of Germany to form the German Empire, known as the German Confederation (later called the Second Reich), under Wilhelm I. In the German Empire Prussia remained a German state of Northern/Central Germany (1871 - 1947) extending from the Rhine Province (bordering France) – to Eastern Prussia (bordering Russia).

Prussia became the major military power in Europe through the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. After World War I Prussia was split: the Western and Central portions remained with Germany, while Eastern Prussia was seperated from the mainland by the 'Polish corridor'. Prussia was dissolved in 1947, split between West and East Germany. Area (in 1939): 294, 081 sq. km.

East Prussia: A province of Prussia on the Baltic Sea. The major cities were Danzig to the far west, Königsberg to the NorthCentral, and Tilsit on the Northern border. Eastern Prussia was split from the German main land in 1919 by the 'Polish corridor' and Danzig was made a 'free city'. In 1945 Poland and the Soviet Union split Eastern Prussia; Poland occupied the southern half while the Soviet Union occupied the northern half. Danzig was renamed Gdansk, Königsberg renamed to Kaliningrad and Tilsit changed to Sovetsk.

Rheinish Prussia: Province of Prussia, including the cities Bonn and Cologne to the North East, and Trier to the South West. Rheinish Prussia was the farthest Western province of Prussia, bordering France; named after the Rhein River, that runs through it.

Rhine Province of Prussia

Rhine Province of Prussia (1882) (Original – full size)