MIA: Encyclopedia of Marxism: Glossary of Events



Balkan Wars

The first of these wars began in October 1912, against Turkish occupation forces that had held the area for more than four centuries. [...]

The war ended with the Treaty of London, signed May 30, 1913. Turkey suffered grave defeat, forced to give up all its European territories. Albania was created as a new state.

In June 1913, the Second war broke out. Bulgaria attacked Serbia and Greece, agitating Rumania and Turkey to go to war with Bulgaria. It ended with the Treaty of Bucharest, July 30, 1913.