MIA: Encyclopedia of Marxism: Glossary of People


Warren Billings


Billings, Warren K. (1893-1972)

President of San Francisco, US, shoe workers union. With Tom Mooney he was falsely accused of planting a bomb which killed 10 people in 1916 “Preparedness Day” parade. Convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment; Billings was released in 1939.


Bismarck, Otto von (1815-1898)

Prussian and German statesman. Dominated the German and European political scene 1862-1890 as Chancellor. Chancellor of Prussia and the German Reich. Unified Germany under the domination of Prussia and the Hohenzollerns. Author of the anti-Socialist laws that banned the Social Democratic party, mass workers’ organizations and the workers' press. Dropped by Emperor Wilhelm II in March 1890.