MIA: Encyclopedia of Marxism: Glossary of People



intense young man with wirey beard

Eccarius, Johann Georg (1818 - 1889)

Tailor from Thuringia, Germany and journalist. Eccarius was a member of the League of the Just (the precursor of the Communist League) and later of the Communist League itself. From 1851 Eccarius lived in London where he worked closely with Marx and Engels. His series of articles entitled “A Working Man's Refutation of Some Points of Political Economy Endorsed and Advocated by John Stuart Mill” was written in collaboration with Marx. Eccarius was a member of the General Council of the International Working Men's Association (1864-1872), Vice-President (1864-1867), General Secretary (1867-1871), Corresponding Secretary for the USA (1870-1872) and Delegate to all the conferences and congresses of the First International until 1872. In 1872 Eccarius belonged to the reformist wing of the British Federal Council. In later years, Eccarius worked with the British trade-unions and subscribed to the liberal ideas that at the time were dominant there. .


Eckert, Paul (1883–) .

Metalworker, member of SPD (Sozialistische Partei Deutschlands, Social-Democratic Party) before 1914. Leader and organiser during War of group of revolutionary shop-stewards, member of USPD in 1917. Member of action committee of strikers in January 1918, of Executive of Councils in November, delegate to Congress of Councils in December. Participated as an ‘invited visitor’ at KPD(S) Founding Congress, but stayed in USPD, a leader of left wing. Joined VKDP (Vereinigte Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands/United Communist Party of Germany) in 1920, was member of its trade-union department. Supported Levi, joined KAG after expulsion, then USPD and SPD (Sozialistische Partei Deutschlands, Social-Democratic Party) in 1922. Played secondary role from 1922. In East Germany after 1945, SED member and ‘veteran’.