MIA: Encyclopedia of Marxism: Glossary of People



Ge, Nikolai (1831-94)

Russian realist painter.


Gegechkori, A (1882-1954)

Georgian Foreign Minister from May 1918 to February 1921. Menshevik.


Gentile, Giovanni (1875-1944)

Italian idealist philosopher and fascist politician.



George, Henry (1839-97)

American publicist and economist. Advocate of the nationalization of land as a means of refoming capitalism.


Geschke, Ottomar (alias Eisbär, 1882–1957) .

Metalworker working on railways, in SPD (Sozialistische Partei Deutschlands, Social-Democratic Party) in 1910. After 1914 in opposition; led youth group. Member of Spartacus League, in USPD on foundation, member of group of revolutionary stewards. On KPD (Kommunistischen Partei Deutschlands/German Communist Party) Central Committee in 1921. Chairman of Berlin railwaymen, three times re-elected after union leadership annulled election, finally expelled from union. Second secretary of organisation of Berlin-Brandenburg district in 1921, supported Left. Coopted to Zentrale in May 1923, played important role in M.-Apparat. Second and then first secretary for organisation in KPD, led ‘Bolshevisation’ process. Then broke with Left and backed Thaelmann. Arrested in 1933, held in various camps, chaired in 1945 international committee of Buchenwald. Secondary role after 1945 in KPD and SED.


Geyer, Curt (1891–1967) .

Son of pioneer Saxon Social Democrat. Higher studies in economics and history. On editorial staff of Vorwärts in 1914 and then of Party paper in Würzburg. Member of USPD in 1917, of Leipzig council in 1918, chaired it in 1919. Deputy in National Assembly. Leader of USPD Left, supported joining Comintern. On VKDP (Vereinigte Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands/United Communist Party of Germany) Zentrale in 1920, represented Party on ECCI and ‘small bureau’. Supported Levi, expelled in August 1921, followed him into KAG, USPD and SPD. Unlike other ‘Levites’ and Levi himself, did not join left opposition in SPD. In 1933 emigrated and settled in Britain, where he was on SPD (Sozialistische Partei Deutschlands, Social-Democratic Party) Executive in exile. For a long time correspondent of German newspapers, retired in West Germany.



Gezmis, Deniz (1947-1972)

The founder of the People Liberation Army of Turkey (THKO).

As a teenager he entered the Faculty of Law of the University Istanbul. He joined Workers Party of Turkey (TIP) in 1965. He led a lot of student actions against US imperialism. He advocated the thesis "National Democratic Revolution". He founded in 1968 the Revolutionary Students Union. In 1969 he went to Palestine for three months, to join guerilla camps of the Palestine Liberation Organisation. In 1970 THKO, the guerilla organisation, was founded. At 1971 Gezmis and his comrades kidnapped four USA soldiers. But they were arrested. The three leaders of THKO Deniz Gezmis, Hüseyin Inan and Yusuf Aslan were executed on 6 May 1972.