MIA: Encyclopedia of Marxism: Glossary of Periodicals
Stock-Exchange Recorder: A bourgeois daily published in St. Petersburg from 1880. Its abbreviated name, Birzhevka' became a generic term for the unscrupulous and venal bourgeois press. Issued three, then four times a week, then as a daily, and finally, in 1902 as a daily with two editions. It won notoriety for corruption and lack of principle. After the bourgeois-democratic revolution in February its editors launched a campaign of incitement against Lenin and the Bolshevik Party. It was closed down by the Revolutionary Military Committee of the Petrograd Soviet in late October 1917.