MIA: Encyclopedia of Marxism: Glossary of Places




Petrograd was the capital of Russia from 1712-1918, located on the Gulf of Finland on the mouth of the Neva River. Before 1914 Petrograd was called St. Petersburg (the name changed during World War I because 'Petersburg' sounded German), named after Czar Peter Alekseevich who founded the city in 1703. In 1918 the Soviet government moved the capital to Moscow. After Lenin's death, the city was renamed Leningrad; after the fall of the Soviet Union the city was renamed back again to St. Petersburg. Population (1989): 5, 023, 500


Petrogradskaya Storona

A district in Petrograd where the Central and City committees of the Bolshevik Party, the Military Organisation under the Central Committee of the Party, the Soldiers' Club, and other organisations of the workers and soldiers were located; all housed in the former mansion of Kshesinskaya.