The International Workingmen's Association 1864
General Rules, October 1864
Written: between October 21 and 27, 1864;
First published: in The Bee-Hive Newspaper, November 12, 1864, and in the pamphelt Address and Provisional Rules of the Working Men's International Association ..., London, November 1864.
That the emancipation of the working
classes must be conquered by the working classes themselves, that the struggle
for the emancipation of the working classes means not a struggle for class
privileges and monopolies, but for equal rights and duties, and the abolition
of all class rule;
That the economical subjection of the man of labor to the monopolizer
of the means of labor – that is, the source of life – lies at the bottom
of servitude in all its forms, of all social misery, mental degradation,
and political dependence;
That the economical emancipation of the working classes is therefore
the great end to which every political movement ought to be subordinate
as a means;
That all efforts aiming at the great end hitherto failed from
the want of solidarity between the manifold divisions of labor in each
country, and from the absence of a fraternal bond of union between the
working classes of different countries;
That the emancipation of labor is neither a local nor a national,
but a social problem, embracing all countries in which modern society exists,
and depending for its solution on the concurrence, practical and theoretical,
of the most advanced countries;
That the present revival of the working classes in the most industrious
countries of Europe, while it raises a new hope, gives solemn warning against
a relapse into the old errors, and calls for the immediate combination
of the still disconnected movements;
For these reasons –
The International Working Men's Association has been founded.
That all societies and individuals adhering to it will acknowledge
truth, justice, and morality as the basis of their conduct toward each
other and toward all men, without regard to color, creed, or nationality;
That it acknowledges no rights without duties, no duties without rights;
And, in this spirit, the following Rules have been drawn up.
- This Association is established to afford a central medium of communication
and co-operation between workingmen's societies existing in different countries
and aiming at the same end; viz., the protection, advancement, and complete
emancipation of the working classes.
- The name of the society shall be "The International Working Men's Association."
- There shall annually meet a General Working Men's Congress, consisting
of delegates of the branches of the Association. The Congress will have
to proclaim the common aspirations of the working class, take the measures
required for the successful working of the International Association, and
appoint the General Council of the society.
- Each Congress appoints the time and place of meeting for the next Congress.
The delegates assemble at the appointed time and place, without any special
invitation. The General Council may, in case of need, change the place,
but has no power to postpone the time of the General Council annually.
The Congress appoints the seat and elects the members of the General Council
annually. The General Council thus elected shall have power to add to the
number of its members.
On its annual meetings, the General Congress shall receive a public
account of the annual transactions of the General Council. The latter may,
in case of emergency, convoke the General Congress before the regular yearly
- The General Council shall consist of workingmen from the different countries
represented in the International Association. It shall, from its own members,
elect the officers necessary for the transaction of business, such as a
treasurer, a general secretary, corresponding secretaries for the different
- The General Council shall form an international agency between the different
and local groups of the Association, so that the workingmen in one country
be consistently informed of the movements of their class in every other
country; that an inquiry into the social state of the different countries
of Europe be made simultaneously, and under a common direction; that the
questions of general interest mooted in one society be ventilated by all;
and that when immediate practical steps should be needed – as, for instance,
in case of international quarrels – the action of the associated societies
be simultaneous and uniform. Whenever it seems opportune, the General Council
shall take the initiative of proposals to be laid before the different
national or local societies. To facilitate the communications, the General
Council shall publish periodical reports.
- Since the success of the workingmen's movement in each country cannot be
secured but by the power of union and combination, while, on the other
hand, the usefulness of the International General Council must greatly
depend on the circumstance whether it has to deal with a few national centres
of workingmen's associations, or with a great number of small and disconnected
local societies – the members of the International Association shall use
their utmost efforts to combine the disconnected workingmen's societies
of their respective countries into national bodies, represented by central
national organs. It is self-understood, however, that the appliance of
this rule will depend upon the peculiar laws of each country, and that,
apart from legal obstacles, no independent local society shall be precluded
from corresponding directly with the General Council.
- Every section has the right to appoint its own secretary corresponding
directly with the General Council.
- Everybody who acknowledges and defends the principles of the International
Working Men's Association is eligible to become a member. Every branch
is responsible for the integrity of the members it admits.
- Each member of the International Association, on removing his domicile
from one country to another, will receive the fraternal support of the
Associated Working Men.
- While united in a perpetual bond of fraternal co-operation, the workingmen's
societies joining the International Association will preserve their existent
- The present Rules may be revised by each Congress, provided that two-thirds
of the delegates present are in favor of such revision.
- Everything not provided for in the present Rules will be supplied by special
Regulations, subject to the revision of every Congress.