Spanish Revolution (1936-1937)
English Language Periodical of the United Libertarian Organizations in New York City
The Spanish Revolution was the English langauge publication of the United Libertarian Organizations in New York set up set up by a delegation of mebmers of the C.N.T., the mass anarcho-syndicalist union in Spain during the Spanish Revolution.
As Russell Blackwell wrote for the Greenwood Prints edition of The Spanish Revolution :
At that time, the anarchist movement in the United States consisted of a number of groups largely organized around foreign language newspapers and having but minimal coordination of activities. On the initiative of Olay, it was decided to establish an ad hoc organization, the United Libertarian Organizations, to publish Spanish Revolution.
The United Libertarian Organizations embraced the Jewish Anarchist Federation (publishers of Freie Arbeiter Stimme), the Russian Federation (Dielo Trouda) , the Vanguard group, several branches of the Industrial Workers of the World (I.W.W.), a federation of Spanish language groups publishing Cultura Proletaria Carlo Tresca's group publishing the Italian newspaper Il Martello, several Canadian anarchist groups, some Italian groups in New England, and a scattering of others. Although not actually affiliated, the Gillespie, Illinois, branch of the Progressive Miners of America contributed substantially through a regular monthly assessment on its membership. Mass meetings were held m many Cities and thousands of dollars were collected, all of which was sent to the Spanish movement with no deductions for overhead expenses.
The central activity of the United Libertarian Organizatnos was the publication and circulation of The Spanish Revolution. Its editorial policies were the collective responsibility of all. Most articles were unsigned since they expressed the ideas of many people and their line had been worked out in general editorial meetings. The paper was not especially concerned with the military aspect of the civil war, which were adequately covered in the capitahst press. It emphasized the much more fundamental revolutionary developments that gave meanmg to the military struggle. Special attention was paid to the constructive work of the revolution, with the collectivizations in agriculture and industry being reported in considerable detail. More important policy statements of the C.N.T. were printed in translation.
By 1938 the right-wing Socialist government of Negrin had replaced the more left-wing one of Largo Caballero. The counter-revolution now triumphant and supressed within by the Spanish government and their allies in the Spanish Communist Party, The Spanish Revolution ceased publication.