MIA: History: USA: Publications: Workers Challenge 1922
The United Toilers of America, established in 1922, was the legal wing of an underground Marxist group which split off from the Communist Party of America in the fall of 1921. The organization published a weekly newspaper called Workers' Challenge and was effectively dissolved at the insistence of the Communist International by the time of the Bridgman Convention of August 1922 with its members rejoining the mainline Workers Party of America. A tiny underground rump organization resisted merger and continued an independent existence throughout the decade of the 1920s.
We have here listed the only known issues of Workers Challenge. We don't know if the paper continued beyond 1922 though we know the UTA did continue to at least 1929.
Special Note of thanks to the following individuals and institutions that made copies of Workers Challenge available and help scan and process them for this archive: Dr. Marty Goodman of the The Riazanov Library Project and David Walters from the Holt Labor Library.
Last updated on 1 July 2014