RESOLUTION OF THE THIRD ALL-RUSSIAN CONGRESS OF SOVIETS ON THE TERMS OF PEACE PROPOSED BY THE CENTRAL POWERS
27 January 1918
Stenograficheskii Otchet, p. 92
The All-Russian Congress of Soviets of Workers', Peasants', and Soldiers' Deputies confirms and approves all the statements and actions of the Soviet authorities directed towards the attainment of a universal democratic peace.
The All-Russian Congress declares that the conditions put forward by the Austro-German delegation constitute not only a violation of the principles of democracy but also a total negation of those fundamentals which were recognized by the delegations of the Central Empires in their declaration of 12  December.
The Central Empires rule the Poles, the Lithuanians, half the Latvians, a part of the Ukrainians, White Russians, and Estonians, and have deprived them of their rights of effective self-determination, forcibly consolidating the overlordship of the privileged and propertied upper strata in their midst; thus the military occupation which the Central Empires intend to maintain even after the conclusion of a general peace is directly opposed to the realization of a democratic peace on the bases proclaimed by the Russian revolution.
The All-Russian Congress expresses its profound conviction that this annexationist policy will prove powerless to sever the labouring masses of Russia from the labouring masses of Germany and Austria-Hungary.
The All-Russian Congress sees in the powerful protest of the workers of Vienna, Lower Austria, and Hungary against an annexationist peace, and in the awakening revolutionary movement of the German proletariat, the best guarantee against an imperialist peace, based on enslavement, violence, and a disguised indemnity.
Proclaiming anew before the whole world the desire of the Russian people for an immediate cessation of hostilities, the All-Russian Congress instructs its delegation to support the principles of peace on the basis of the programme of the Russian revolution.
Long live an honest, democratic peace!
Long live the revolutionary brotherhood of the peoples!
Documents on Soviet Foreign Policy
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