From: Hans Ullberg Subject Question about HEGEL!
Date Tue, 11 Dec 2001

I was just wondering if Hegel made any difference between man and woman? How did he look upon women? Were they regarded as equal in society?
A short answer where Hegel stood in this question is much appreciated!
Best wishes

From: Victor D. Patel Subject Hegel
Date Thu, 06 Dec 2001

Hegel thought that private property is what made someone human. It gave them their will because you had to express your will to own private property.
With Marx, he seems to argue that private property is evil (its a capitalist idea.) So it seems that Hegel and Marx would disagree about this huge issue. Am I right?

Victor D. Patel

From: HayneReese-at-aol.com Date Tue, 4 Dec 2001
Subject Page not found

I was looking for http//hegel.marxists.org/works/hlteleol.htm#HL3_743

4516 French Lake Dr.
Fort Worth

From: CCCLC Subject Hegel and Marx's dialectic
Date Sun, 2 Dec 2001

Hi there,
I am a doctoral student at Massey University in NZ, and am studying the history of dualistic thought and exploring dialectics as a particular way of understanding the relationship between opposites. I am having some trouble finding texts which explain clearly the specific differences between Marx and Hegel's notion of contradiction. I understand that Hegel used the term 'identity of opposites' while Marx preferred 'unity of opposites'. I am also interested in Heraclitus and the impact of his work on Hegel and Marx. If you could suggest some texts, I would be very grateful
Chez Leggatt-Cook.

From: jeff proffitt Subject hegal
Date Sat, 1 Dec 2001

hello andy, my name is jeff. i am having a difficult time understanding something simple. hegal says poetry is the end-all of arts, or highest form. why is this? i understand that the romantic arts may be considered higher in evolution that that of, lets say architecture. but i still do not get poetry. this is what i have come up with thus far poetry is the ultimate for hegal because it requires no materials. it can be carried with the being, not in an external form. i don't know, this is what i make of it. perhaps it is no big deal, but if you could help me out, it would be cool, since your site seems to be the most comprehensive. by the way, it is an excellent site. you have a unique history, unlike myself and many i know. take care. j. proffitt

From Stuart Sargent Date Tue, 27 Nov 2001
Subject Hegel

This is an outstanding site that I linked to from a class site---specifically to the paragraph on Absolute Spirit.

One thing that bothers me, however, is that the translator is not acknowledged, and the existence of other translations of Hegel is not mentioned. It may be that he has only been translated once, but when the material is so difficult, one would like to be able to compare different renderings. If this were an area of direct significance to my work, of course, I would dust off my German dictionary and go to the original, but...

Stuart Sargent
Director of International Studies
Foreign Languages and Literatures
Colorado State University
Fort Collins, CO

From: SBaplu/CMG Subject quotation
Date Mon, 19 Nov 2001

Dear sir

Perhaps you could help me, or know someone who could. I am desperately in need of the precise location of Hegel's comments on "the Sunday of life" (or "existence", depending on trans.). I have the reference from the first book of the Phil.of Religion, and I believe it is also to be found in the Phil.of History and in the Encyclopaedia, though I am not sure if it is in the Logic, Nature or Mind, so that's quite a bit of searching to do. If you could help, it would do me a great service.

Thanks in advance for any effort you expend on this.



Date Wed, 07 Nov 2001
From Marco Mauas Subject Question about Hegel

Dear Mr Blunden I've beeen searching about a philosopher to whose lessons, in a certain period of his life, there were present only 3 or 4 pupils. Who was he? hegel, perhaps? I cannot remember where I read it.
Thank you,
Marco Mauas

From Janko Stojanow Subject On the Absolute Rational Will
Date Mon, 29 Oct 2001

Hi Andy,

Pleased to write to you! Let me introduce myself to you.We might know each other very well. I used to be quite an active member of the hegel-l-at-bucknell.edu in 1998 and the beginning of 1999. Later, in 1999 and 2000, I read some of your messages to Kai Froeb's hegel.net. I have always enjoyed reading your Hegel-by-HyperText web site. I appreciate your promotion of Hegel study via the Internet.

Since you and I have quite similar interests, I would like you to know more about me. I have just published my book "ON THE ABSOLUTE RATIONAL WILL (SUBLATION OF HEGEL'S PHILOSOPHY)" on the Internet. The aim of this book is not to approach Hegel in a "Leninist" way, i.e. interpreting it in the spirit of a materialist theory of knowledge as you do in your "The Meaning of Hegel's Logic and the Understanding Hegel's Logic," but to SUBLATE Hegel's philosophy and thus, to achieve the unification of idealism and materialism.

On your "Andy Blunden's Home Page" you say

"I work as a member of the Marxists Internet Archive Collective, building an archive of the works of Marx and Engels and other writers an understanding of whom contributes to an understanding of Marxism, and with a small group of comrades in Melbourne, studying the existing political terrain for a way forward for a mass movement hoodwinked and betrayed by social democracy, crushed by Stalinism, abandoned by Trotskyism but which is still searching for a way out of the bourgeois morass."

It may be interesting for you to learn that being a Bulgarian who lives in Poland (and thus, lived in both communist Bulgaria and Poland) and knows an awful lot about communism, I still highly appreciate Marx. In spite of the collapse of communism, that Marx is one of the greatest philosophers mankind has ever had.

But at the same time, it is beyond question that we cannot be Marxists, - only Marxists, - anymore. I have tried to develop modern philosophy in the spirit and the will of our time, and I hope that you will enjoy reading my book. Perhaps you would like to visit or add a link to my book located at http://www.jgora.dialog.net.pl/OnTheAbsoluteRationalWill/

Anyway, I would be greatful in the extreme if you reply to this message and we can get to know each other better. Your comments and/or suggestions would be highly appreciated.

Best regards,

From: Victor Patel Date Sun, 21 Oct 2001
Subject Hegel

Dr. Blunden,
I've just recently begun reading (recreationally) Hegel and trying to understand his ideas.
I see that you're quite well read on Hegel and so I have a question for you Why does Hegel think that the possession of property equates to the "will" being free? I'm not sure if I understand this concept very well. Your incite on this matter would be helpful. Of course, you don't need to get into detailed analysis to answer this question since the primary text does this, but some sort of brief explanation would great! We'll definitely talk more later.

Victor D. Patel

From Kenneth X. Sills Subject Hegelian quotes

Dear Sir,
I am search of the source for a quote that I have heard attributed to Hegel. You would be a great help if you are aware of what text, where, and if the quote is actually from Hegel. It is "Belief is that which we cannot know".

I am glad I found your site by the way and I will be checking in from time to time and I hope to be able to contribute to future discussions.

Thank you very much,

Kenneth X. Sills

From Terry Martin Subject Hegel and Co.
Date Tue, 2 Oct 2001

Dear Andy, Came upon your Hegel Page whilst looking for some other stuff. My name is Terry Martin and I live in Perthshire, Scotland. After a quarter of a century of teaching I'm retired, aged sixty, and revisiting my Marxist roots. I notice from your profile that you were a Healyite. So was I, way back in the mid 1950's, along with Cyril Smith (who won't remember me), when we formed the Socialist Labour League out of the ashes of The Group as our entrist cover was named. My initiation into the struggle at the tender age of fifteen was via Hendon Labour Party (North London) and the Hungarian Revolution. We put up Trotskyist refugees in our house and it was at the time that Peter Fryer and others left the CPGB to join us. These were stirring times for me but it all turned sour. I went over to the State Caps, Cliff, Kidron and Co, then out of it all completely. This aint a trip down memory lane, just a bit of nostalgic wallowing. Anyway, can you give me Cyril's email address, or is that stumm? I'm reading Hegel, hence the stumbling on to your ideas and stuff, which looks good. Maybe we could set up a dialogue or something...Best wishes, Terry Martin.

From Howard Date Fri, 7 Sep 2001
Subject Thank you and a request

Thank you for you site dedicated to Hegel, Philosphy and Marx. I have just been exposed to Marx (in a serious way...as opposed to the condescending "here is all you need to know IT IS BAD" way).

Your site has inspired me to begin first with Hegel prior to trying to really understand Marx. Your commentary of Hegel of great help to me..although I have been yet unable to access your book on Hegel via the INTERNET.

I find however that reading Marx, much less coming to even a basic understanding of Marx, has thur far been ,at least for me, akin to learning to speak Russian. Nothing makes sense, nothing seems familiar and I am finding even his most rudimentary concepts a challenge because of my world view and bourgeois education (for better or worse I was educated and trained as a Civil Engineer and hold a degree in history).
Would you be kind enough to recommend one or two books that would aid a neophyte in the study of Hegel and Marx?

Many thanks for your site and for any recommendations!


From Michael Fine Subject Herbert Marcuse-preface-Reason and Revolution
Date Mon, 20 Aug 2001

Prof. Blunden,
I have very much enjoyed your transcripts from Herbert Marcuse's works on the internet. I am a student at New York University who is presently doing a term paper on Marcuse and I was wondering if you might have any information on a piece that I am trying to track down. Marcuse wrote a political preface to Reason and Revolution which provided his insights to the power of the dialectic as a critical tool. This essay was apparently published only in a 1960 edition and not in the recent reprints. I noticed that the copy from which you transcribed was an Ark imprint in 1964 and I was wondering if that edition perhaps contains the essay that I'm looking for.
Could you kindly let me know at your earliest convenience? Additionally, if you have any leads as to where I might track it down I would be greatly appreciative.
I have very much enjoyed your websites.

Best regards,

Michael Fine

Date Sat, 18 Aug 2001
Subject thank you
From Olga Louchakova

Just wanted to thank you for your incredible work!

Date Fri, 17 Aug 2001
From Carlos J McCadden Subject Citation

Dear Andy

I have a text that belongs to Hegel but cannot find the exact book where he says that in order to quote him, could you help me out with this. Hegel said "The known, because it is known, is the unknown". I would appreciate any help.

Carlos Mc Cadden

Date Wed, 15 Aug 2001
From Megan Subject Hegel Quote

I have a history assignment, in which i need to get a group of people's point of view on one of Hegel's quotations. DO you think you could help be by telling me what you feel the point of the quote is? If not that's OK.

Here's the quote

"The history of the world is none other than the progress of the consciousness of freedom."

Thanks a lot.


From Martín Arias Subject Phenomenology
Date Wed, 15 Aug 2001

Dear Mr. Blunden

I’m a literature student from Buenos Aires (Argentina). Somehow, a few months ago I became very interested in Hegel’s philosophy, particularly in the Phenomenology of Spirit. Since such a difficult book - but, with all honesty, can we call that thing a book? - seemed too much for only one third world head, I decided to form a reading group. Against all probabilities (but, as Hegel says, “be the probability as great as it may it is nothing as against truth”) I found other people with the same tendencies. It’s been a hard work. The ship is almost empty. Only a few of us remain inside.

Right now I am trying to explore the connections between Hegel and other thinkers, specially those who are not usually considered as "philosophers", for instance symbolist poet Stéphane Mallarmé (who, as it is well known, read Hegel), or French psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan (who shares with the German a taste for obscurity, and who wrote “...il est impossible à notre technique de méconnaître les moments structurants de la phénoménologie hégélienne au premier chef la dialectique du Maître et de l’Esclave, ou celle de la belle âme et de la loi du cœur...”). Regarding this last point, the “law of the heart”, I must declare myself bewildered I cannot but fail to understand what he meant by such a law, and its relations with the “frenzy of self-conceit” do not appear, as long as I can see, less mysterious. I would much appreciate all the information you could send me about these interesting subjects, or simply your comments.

Martín Arias

From Gus Bagakis Date Mon, 13 Aug 2001
Subject Ordering the meaning of Hegel's logic

I would like to order 1 copy of "The Meaning of Hegel's Logic".

I will send you the check for $20 to the address you designate.

Gus Bagakis

From: Nicola Date: Sat, 21 Jul 2001
Subject: Help with Hegel

I am a university student with a hefty and complicated dissertation topic - Hegel. The root I wanted to take was to see how some of his writings could be interpretated as fascist. I am not having much luck in finding resources on this. Can you help me?

Yours Sincerley
Nicola Chambers

Date: Fri, 27 Apr 2001
From: qingcai_meng Subject: help

Dear Sir or Madam,

I am a scholar in the University of China. Now I have a problem and I really need your help.
I hopy you can give me some information about the sexal study and discrimination in English, because I must write a very important article .
Thank you for your help.

From: Andy Gates Subject: phenomenology of spirit
Date: Tue, 17 Apr 2001

Hello Andy
I am a student in a university philosophy class. I have a couple of questions for you. I was wondering if you could help me out.

How does a defiance of death tie into his master-slave dialectic? Can you think of any other writers who have used a similar vignette such as the dialectic?

From: Clare Kavanagh Subject: study of hegel
Date: Fri, 5 Jan 2001

Dear Andy
In studying Hegel, what is Hegel's Philosophy of "What Does It Mean To be Human?"
Thank you
In anticipation,

Date: 12 Apr 2001
From: ashraf mansour Subject: Hegel's Critique ...
Dear Mr Blunden,
I'm attaching with this email an outline of an article that I'm working on now. I hope you can give me your comments.
Thank you in advance.

Date: Wed, 4 Apr 2001
From: Anita Job Subject: MIA

Excuse me,

what the hell happened to the Marxists Internet Archive?!? What is all this Hegel stuff?

Date: Tue, 3 Apr 2001
From: Kortni Selinger Subject: I need to find something

I want to know if you could help me with some articles about Hegal, or Marx and how they saw religion, I know that marx thought it was the opiate of the people, but is there a passage or could you illistrate this more?


From: Dathan Ritzenhein Subject: Friedrich Hegel

Hello, I am 12th grade student in Canada and I am doing a research project on Friedrich Hegel. I have done some study on Hegels teachings and beliefs, but there are a few things that keep reoccuring as questions in my mind. Can you give me an example of what exactly the World Spirit is, and can you explain what is meant by the world spirit returns to itself in three ways.

I am to do a short presentation on Hegel, can you tell me what I should talk about, if you can help me with this, it would be much appreciated.

From: PERFECTCLUE-at-aol.com Date: Wed, 28 Mar 2001
Subject: Which works explicitly contains the concept

Of thesis, antithesis and synthesis?

From: Cpt. Michael Papanicolaou Subject: hegel on economics
Date: Sat, 17 Mar 2001

my question is whether hegel solves the problem of poverty and if he does not what implication this might have for his philosophy.....its actualization??i would apreciate your opinion or some useful reference

From: Michelle Date: Mon, 12 Mar 2001

Q. Art is dead. What does Hegel mean by this ?

Please..... can you give me any links or useful pages to read which answer all or part of this question as I am unable to find reference to it ???

Many thanks


From: Helietta Date: 12 Mar 2001 14:21:40 MST

Hello my name is Isela Helietta Barajas Gorostieta, i´m student of university of Morelos in Mexico. I´m work in my theses of philosophie,my these is about Hegel, could you send me information about logic of Hegel and "alteridad".

From: C. Joannidis Subject: Request for exact reference
Date: Sat, 10 Mar 2001

Dear Andy,
I am most grateful for giving me the opportunity to ask you questions about Hegel.
I read somewhere that Hegel wrote : "words murder time" , would you be able to help me find the exact reference?
Many thanks in advance.

Date: Thu, 08 Mar 2001
Subject: small problem from far away
From: mai

end of history:

To A. Blunden
My name is Mai Damgaard Rasmussen, I'm Danish but working on my masters at the Erasmus University in Rotterdam.It is strange writing you it almost feels like I know you having look up so many of the articles on your site, and now having to address you direct I'm realizing how I do not know you at all. My study is societal history and the subject of my final paper is "the end of history." I have defined my paper by the exact phrasing [end of history] to see if the wordings gives my a common ground between philosophers as different as Kant, Kojéve and Baudrillard. My problem is that I have spent more time ruling out possible "end of history's" then actually writing! It toke me 3 months to rule out the Judeo-Christian apocalypses (which mention the "end of "time""the world"" but not history. Hegel has taken my almost a year to rule out - I could not find one specific "ende nor "besluß" der Geschichte." Getting a beautiful son though did not exactly speed up my studying pace.
I have finished my first chapter which deals with Immanuel Kant and his "besluß der Geschichte" My chapter two should have been about Hegel's end of history and how writers such as A. Kojéve, B.Cooper and F.Fukuyama brought forth this tradition. The third chapter is J. Baudrillard, whom even if he talks about the impossibility of the end of history, still states the "end of history." followed by my conclusion.
I have now started to write about Kojéve, whom I was going to explain from a Hegelian background, but find myself hearing this little voice in my ear, wondering whether Kojéve did not get his deterministic view on Hegel's philosophy from Karl Marx - and then where Marx might have stated a possible end of history! I've tried very hard to ignore this little voice, but I fear that I can't fight it anymore. Before I spent another 3-4 month getting familiar with Marx's writings, I hoped that maybe you could help me out with your knowledge of Marx writings. My question is "has Marx ever proclaim "the end of history" and if yes in which writing?"
I would be indebted and deeply grateful if you could find the time to answer my question.
I Hope to hear from you and maybe one day repay the favor?!

Mai Damgaard Rasmussen
Rotterdam, 8 march 2001.

Date: Mon, 26 Feb 2001
From: Plellis Michalis Subject: Marcuse about Hegel

I am a university student and I was asked to write a 15 page essay on what Marcuse said about Hegel. I am trying to read the book but I can't seem to be able to make it. Could you suggest something else that might help me? I would very much appreciate any help. Thank you. PHILARETI.

From: JEAN BALLANTYNE Date: Thu, 22 Feb 2001

I am a very fresh Sociology student and have been set the question 'critically discuss the influence of Hegel for an understanding of the early Marx' and I don't really know the best place to look for any answers to help me with my essay, can you advice?



From: Andrey Maidansky Subject: Glossary, Ilyenkov etc.
Date: Mon, 5 Feb 2001

Dear Dr. Blunden,

I am impressed by the site you've made at "marxists.org". I mean, first of all, the high-quality electronic edition of Ilyenkov's works. I belong to the group of Ilyenkov's disciples (though I am too young to know him personally). In February, 15 or 16, at the annual Ilyenkov Readings in Moscow I am going to read a paper about his "portrait" at Web.

I've found some defects, perhaps insignificant, in the "Glossary of People".
[1] In the word "[Leninist] Dialetics" the letter "c" is missed.
[2] Peter Jones writes: "His political and economic writings (none of which have so far appeared in English to my knowledge)." However, there is an article: "Marx and the Western world", in the book of the same name (London, 1967). This is Ilyenkov's report for the congress at the New Indian university. His personal visit to the USA was forbidden by Soviet officials though.

Finally, I've read your correspondence via XMCA Mail with great interest. If you or your friends need any materials on Ilyenkov, let me know. Perhaps I could help.

Sincerely yours,
Andrey Maidansky

From: Daniel Schinzing Subject: Birth order of Hegel
Date: Thu, 25 Jan 2001

Are you able to tell me if Hegel was a first-born son, middle-born son, or last-born son? Thanks, if you know the answer. If you don't know the answer, I'm sorry to have bothered you.

Date: Tue, 23 Jan 2001
From: cora rijnsburger


My name is Cora and I am a dutch phylosophy student. I'm interested in logic and now I (try to) read some of the works of Hegel.
It would be great if you could help me with the following sentences -from Hegels Wesenslogik-

"Die Wahrheit des Seins ist das Wesen. Das Sein ist dat Unmittelbare. Indem das Wissen das Wahre erkennen will, was das Sein an und f|r sich ist, so bleibt es nicht beim Unmittelbaren und dessen Bestimmungen stehen , sondern dringt durch dasselbe hindurch, mit der Voraussetzung, dass hinter diesem Sein noch etwas anderes ist als das Sein selbst, dass dieser Hintergrund die Wahrheit des Seins ausmacht."

Reading German texts is no problem but I do not really get what he means by this. I hope that you can help me.


From: Ilana R Simons Date: Fri, 19 Jan 2001

Professor Blunden,
I'm sending this note to both email addresses on your home page, so apologies if you get overload.
I just want to avoid no-loading. I'm a PhD student at New York University who is writing her English Lit. dissertation on Hegel, Melville, and Lawrence. I'm writing about their styles: how these writers look away from us - as masters, or men who know what we want to know. We (masochistic devotees) are distracted by the secrets and their distracted gaze.

Your page has been welcoming and helpful in my first steps to understand Hegel - thank you for it.
A question: I would love to spend the summer in Germany, and am trying to write a grant proposal. I certainly want to visit Jena and Stutggart (excuse spelling), but would love any leads you could lend me. Is there a Hegel center? A good site for research? Original texts anywhere?
Again, I appreciate your making-public of your work. Have loved your page.
Good luck and hope to hear from you.
Ilana Simons

From: Einar Stensson Great page man

From: Malcolm Frame Subject: Hegel & Civil Engineering
Date: Thu, 11 Jan 2001


I often use your website as a way into the Marx/Engels site. On the way in last time I stopped for a look at your writings on Hegel. As someone who has spent more than half a lifetime stripping off grey only to find more grey underneath, I'm always encouraged by someone who proposes a way, if not to find a different coloured layer (maybe green?), at least to remove more than one layer at a time. I think you would be the first to accept that, although your articles are illuminating in re-stating the Marxist conception of the historical position of Hegel, it's difficult to penetrate the morass without using examples and analogy and at that point you start to depart from what is special about his thought. Any attempt to rectify this shortfall in interpretation inevitably demands that the examples be modified and qualified until before long we've created our very own "grey on grey". I'm reminded of various books of popular expositions of quantum mechanics, many of which I ploughed through and ended up none the wiser until it occurred to me that it was easier to brush up on operator calculus, Fourier analysis, complex numbers and probability theory and then read the originals in their own language - the language of mathematics. I'm not sure whether the analogous approach towards Hegel is to learn German or to learn philosophy, but over the years I've tried both.

Anyway, if I can't add too much to a discussion on Hegel, perhaps I could comment on your introductory remarks about civil engineering. I have the unfortunate distinction of working as a civil engineer for almost as long as I've been trying to understand Hegel. Any creative effort entails often painful slogging, and for an engineer ensuring compliance with a code of practice is usually where the pain is concentrated, and working within the discipline of capitalism doesn't make it any easier. But your lecturer was incorrect when he said that civil engineering was just about formulae and codes. Only bureaucrats approach problems, any problems, like that.

At the moment I'm sitting in front of a computer and in another shell a computer program is solving a structural problem. If I look out of the window a bricklayer has just erected a platform on scaffolding because the wall is too high to give him access to the top of the wall. Now he's standing on the platform, and jumping up and down and then throwing his weight to one side and then the other. What's he doing? The same as me and my computer - trying to detect a failure mode to make sure that for the life of his structure it's safe to walk on it. What's the life of his structure? Maybe two days. And the life of mine? 50 years. Why is the shape and dimensions of his platform the way it is? Because his intuitive understanding of the material, gained from experience, tells him that he'll be safe. And why is my structure the shape it is? For the same reason, because I decided it should be thus. However, my structure is a mathematical idealisation and not a physical reality and the particular way in which it will collapse can only be found by iterating through millions of possible loading combinations and not by any direct physical experiment. To check that everything is OK when the computer delivers its answer, I add up the applied forces and check that they are equal and opposite to the reactive forces - does that sound familiar?

No sign of any code yet. Only now, when I am happy that the failure mode is correct do I look up a code of practice and find that I have to design for the failure forces increased by 30% and for the resistance decreased by 15%. These numbers are not arbitrary but represent a 1 in 10000 probability that my best estimate of the spectrum of loadings will be exceeded in 50 years. They are derived from the accumulated knowledge of thousands of structures similar to mine - the abstract equivalent of the bricklayer testing his scaffolding. If my structure contained a semi-circular brick arch, maybe the Pont du Gard would be one of the structures included in an estimation of the load factor.

One more thing. It's not simple, any more than bricklaying is simple. It's hedged around with contracts, time limits, budgets, threats of liquidated damages and all the filth that capitalism smears over any creative process. Nevertheless, mysteriously, people do their best - which brings us back to Hegel, the labour process, estrangement and, most of all, the attempt to understand.


Malcolm Frame

From: Dwight Subject: beautiful ! !

Thanks and thanks again for your wonderful work ! !

From: Rachel Hidgins Date: Mon, 8 Jan 2001

Hello -

I'm trying to find out what Hegel had to say about civil society - can you help?


Date: Tue, 2 Jan 2001
From: Xianzhong Liu

I'm a chinese. I have seen your web "Andy Blunden's Home Page",and I'd linked some of your pages. It's link is http://www.lyxzs.com.
Do you agree it?
My English is bad, so I can only say such word. But I'll try to make a English web as my chinese one's copy. So I want your help.

2000 Letters
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Hegel-by-HyperText Home Page -at- marxists.org