1999 Letters

From: Pablo Arango
Date: Thu, 30 Dec 1999

Dear Mr. Andy

First, Congratulations for your excellent site on Hegel. I'm a colombian philosopher, and I writting a explanatory and critical book on Hegel. Mi aim is to explain the Hegel's dialectics and absolute idealism, and evaluate his value. In your site, appear a text — 41. What is Alive & Dead in Hegel Today, Howard Kainz — but I cannot read. You could send my a copy? Please, excuse me for the poor english, but I'm a student.


Pablo Arango

From: Nicholas Todd
Date: Thu, 30 Dec 1999

...kicks ass! I have been reading Marcuse's Reason and Revolution as background for my thesis, and your site is an invaluable resource in addition to Marcuse. I wish every important philospoher (especially the Frankfurt boys) were this well represented on the net.

If you choose to answer this, perhaps you could advise me. If I were to read the Science of Logic or Phenomenology of Mind/Spirit, what English translations do you recommend?

I have read that the Baillie translations are terrible and are to blame for Hegel not being more widely read in English.

Thanks for this powerful cyber resource.

Nicholas Todd

From: Vesa Oittinen
Subject: Ilyenkov symposium in Helsinki

Dear Andy Blunden,

an interesting page indeed with much valuable material on Hegel and Marxist philosophy in English. Maybe you are interested to hear, that we here in the University of Helsinki, Finland, organized an symposium on the philosophy of Evald Ilyenkov on 7th and 8th of September, 1999. There were many even internationally known participants, i. a. David Bakhurst, Yrjö Engeström, and Ilyenkov's friends Prof. Felix Mikhailov and Dr. Alexey Novokhatko from Moscow. The symposium proceedings (about 18 papers were presented) will be published in Spring 2000 by the Alexander Institute of the University of Helsinki. Meanwhile, you may look at the web address http://www.helsinki.fi/kalenteri/tapahtuma/199909070900_3764.html to see the symposium programme (if the link does not work, please contact me!).

With best regards

Vesa Oittinen

From: Paul
Date: Sat, 25 Dec 1999

A simple note to say I enjoyed your page(s) and admire the work you put into them. I have no answers, but I've always been curious about many of the ideas you present here.

I think the central dilemma in the human condition is deciding what the human condition "ought to be," and more, how to achieve it. I also believe questions are more important than answers.


fyi - I'm a consulting engineer in the nuclear power industry. I live in the rural northwest corner of Connecticut, USA.

From: Nisshy Date: Thu, 23 Dec 1999

I saw your home page by the introduction of your friend. Because your home page was extremely enriched, at once, it could not see sufficiently.
I plan to visit your home page in many degree from now.
Warmest regards

Kuniharu Nishio-at-Nisshy

From: Jon Cowans

Andy... Congratulations on your superb website! I'm a high school teacher of philosophy in Canada and am wondering about the copyright status of the etexts on your site, particulary of those texts of more recent origin, i.e. from about 1930 onwards. Can you please tell me what their status is, and if and how I may use them? Thanks...Jon Cowans

From: Mossad5

Thank you your marvelously informative page...it is a welcome addition to anyone interested in the thinking art


From: gondear-at-yahoo.com
Subject: Greetings from Argentina
Date: Mon, 13 Dec 1999

I just want to give you my congratulations for your homepage, I find it very interesting and usefull. Keep on doing this work, we all need it to be free

From: Abdi Sabéran

Thanks very much.
Your website is very good.

David Capes from Bordeaux France

From: John Bell
Subject: I was wondering if you could help me.

I am looking for the author of this quote:

every action of theirs, that seems to them an act of their own free will, is in an historical sense not free at all, but in bondage to the whole course of previous history.

Any ideas?

From: Jeff Newman

The work you have been doing (making material available on the net)is of such enormous help and importance. Thanks.

Jeffrey Newman

From: henk wichard

Dear Andy,
I am very impressed by your your website. The work you have put into that. This must have been a lot of work and research. Tell me. What is the way you look at the world of today ? Do you base your opinion on what was said and written by filosophers some hundreds years ago ? Or do you read that and than make up your own mind and visions ? Since you talk about communism a lot, do you still now have the opinion that this could be an answer.
I would like to know if you would start off a discussion with me, by email, or probably better is to say an exchange of ideas.
Whereby I would like to base that on the subject " Order and Chaos " More precise what can we find in common between the ideas about that in our minds and, the findings via a Quantum Mechanical way of approach. Regards
Henk Wichard

From: Celestri
Date: Tue, 23 Nov 1999

Thank you so much for providing the Hegel site :)

From: martin o'hagan
Date: Tue, 16 Nov
Dear Andy,
I've been reading and downloading your site for the past few months. Thank you for providing me with such great material. I'm trying my best to get my head around that man Hegel.
If you ever come to Belfast n of Ireland I'll gladly return the favour.

martin o'hagan

From: Christian Maar Andersen
Subject: Michael Brand

Dear Andy Blunden

I have had the pleasent experience of finding and using your homepage.

I want to congratulate you for making an excellent piece of work.

I myself am studiyng physics and mathematics at Odense University in Denmark and have a ongoing interest in dialectic methods and studies.

On your homepge I found an interesting article by soem Michael Brandt on Dialectic Complexity. I wonder if you have more details on this Michael Brand. Who is he? What is his background? What is his field of work, study and interst? etc.

I hope you can help me.

Best regards

Christian M. Andersen From: Chen Maonan
Date: Mon, 15 Nov 99

Subject: Lenin on Dialectics

This is a very useful document refuting anti-materialist 'Marxist' philosophers though written a person who destroyed the Trotskyist movement and joined the NATO camp over Bosnia later.

http://home.mira.net/~andy/cliff.htm Lenin on Dialectics
An Introduction to The Philosophical Notebooks of Lenin by Cliff Slaughter (1962)

By the way does anyone have the 'future article' appeared in _Labour Review_ mentioned in this article?

Chen Maonan
Democratic People's Republic of Japan (DPRJ)
Chen Maonan

From: Jack & Ayda Lucero Fleck
Subject: Source of the 3 laws of dialectics
Date: Tue, 2 Nov 1999


In his Dialectics of Nature, Engels discusses the three laws of dialectics--quantitative-qualitative changes; interpenetration of opposites, and negation of negation. I assume the source of these is in Hegel. Do you know the exact reference?

Thanks for your help!

Jack Lucero Fleck

From: Mike Marchetti
Subject: [hegel] Hegel's Philosophy of Nature site

We have added a new directory dedicated to Hegel's Philosophy of Nature. All who have an interest in this area are invited to contribute to that site. Some articles on Hegel's position with respect to evolution have been posted there. This seems to be of current interest in the news. General questions on any of Hegel's fundmental principles can be discussed in our Intro to Hegel mailing list. Your comments and/or suggestions would be appreciated.

The Philosophy of Nature link is at http://hegel.net/Nature

The Intro to Hegel link is at http://hegel.net/Philosophy

Best regards,
Mike Marchetti

From: Katherine
Hi Andy,

While inspecting through your website, I was reading up on Hegel. Because it's confusing what Hegel believes was the beginning of everything, I was wondering if you were familiar enough with Mr. Hegel to be able to relate the whole Adam and Eve situation to his philosophies? Since Adam and Eve were pretty much the first in the "circle of circles", I was wondering how Hegel would have thought about that christian story. Would you be willing to elaborate on that?

Thank you.
Sincerely, Katherine

From: Ali.Arikan
Date: Mon, 08 Nov 1999
Subject: The implications for the Social Sciences of Heisenberg's Principle of Indeterminacy
Dear Mr Blunden,

I am a first year International Relations masters student in the University of Durham and we are currently looking into the implications for the social sciences of Heisenberg's Principle of Indeterminacy.

I would be more than grateful if you could e-mail me a couple of lines of your thoughts on the subject.

Thank You very much in advance,

Ali Arikan

PS. This is not for an essay but ratrher a discussion in class so I am gathering as much varied info on the issue as possible.

From: Eric Goodfield


can you help me; i am looking for an english translation of bruno bauer's "jewish question". haven't had any luck. can you advise?

thanks, eric goodfield

From: Gus
Date: Sat, 6 Nov 1999
Subject: hard copy of the meaning of Hegel's Logic

Please send me a copy of your text "The Meaning of Hegel's Logic."
Thank You
Gus Bagakis

From: Tom Howe
Date: Fri, 29 Oct 1999

Dear Sir,

Where might one obtain a German copy of Hegel's Philosophy of History. I am not wealthy enough to buy Saemtliche Werke.
If you can direct me to where I might be able to purchase this material, I would be very thankful.

Thomas A. Howe, Ph.D.

From: News & Letters
Subject: Why Hegel? Why Now?

I have found your Web site very useful and have referred people to the postings there, especially the hyperlinks to writings by Hegel and Marx. However I wonder why you have not added the first chapter of Dunayevskaya's book, Philosophy and Revolution, to the other writings you have mounted in the section devoted to that book. "Absolute Negativity as New Beginning: The Ceaseless Movement of Ideas and of History" takes up the revolutionary methodology of Hegel in Phenomenology, Logic and Encyclopedia, and what that revolutionary dialectic meant to Marx and Lenin as well as to modern movements. She insisted that chapter come first, after much public deliberation, for it established the right structure for the book as a whole. In addition, the second chapter of the book illuminates Marx's debt to Hegel from the 1844 manuscripts through Grundrisse to Capital's section on the Fetishism of Commodities. Since you have the third chapter on Lenin's philosophic ambivalence as well as the new thoughts she wrote in 1986, why not these first two chapters. All three comprise the part of Philosophy and Revolution titled "Why Hegel? Why Now?" I believe mounting the entire section would serve the purpose of your great web site. Please keep up the good work.

Jim Obst
Raya Dunayevskaya Memorial Fund

From: Brett Falkenberg
Subject: Translator of Philosophy of the Right.
Good-day Andy,

I'm doing a paper outlining Hegel's Philosophy of the Right, but I need to know who translated the hyper-text that you have on this site. Any help you could give me would be, well, — helpful.

Thank you for your time,

From: george

Dear sir,
first of all i want to express my admiration for the quality of the work you have done about Hegel in the Internet. I am a PhD student at the Univesity of Athens, Greece. My subject is on Machiavellian ethics and i am imterested in bibliography about the relation between law and ethics, because i am trying to define if Machiavelli is doing law or ethics. Any help will be considered as precious.

Yours sincerely

George Steiris

From: Geraldine Haywood Mercer
Subject: Many thanks
Date: Fri, 15 Oct 1999
Dear Andy,

I am at Charles Sturt University, majoring in philosophy and psychology. Your web page has been invaluable to me over the past year.

I just wanted to drop you a line and say thanks.

Geraldine Haywood-Mercer.

From: Matthijs Leijenaar
Hello Andy

You did a great job on your site. I specially like the page of biographies and portraits, and I like to make a prominent link to your site on "20th century artists". Here you will find biographies and portraits of the major visual artists. (I like to give attention to the persons behind)

Now I want to make a connection to philosophers ... Art meets Philosophy ... I already started with ...Art meets Spirituality. It has no sense that I do your work again, so I want to ask you if its okay to link to your site. My site generate about 200 visitors daily and it will track new visitors to yours. I will apprecitate if you put a link back.

Best regards,
Matthijs Leijenaar/Netherlands

From: Jim Cochran
Date: Thu, 14 Oct 1999
Subject: Term paper

Dear Andy,
I'm doing research for a term paper on Hegelian philosophy's influence on American education. Do you have any ideas concerning resources? Also, what would be a good source for a synopsis of Hegel's basic metaphysical, axiological, and epistemelogical views? I appreciate any thoughts or suggestions.

From: Brown, Colette I.

What about Franz Fanon and his reading of Hegel's master bondsman dialectic?

From: José Maria e Silva
Subject: Spinoza, Marx and Revolution
Date: Tue, 12 Oct 1999

Larger Brazilian authority in Spinoza, philosopher Marilena Chauí, teacher of Sâo Paulo's University made lecture in a Brazilian university in that is used of Baruch of Spinoza to nail the Socialist Revolution. He transforms Spinoza in a precursor of Marx. In the link below, there is an article answering that use. Check: www.multimania.com/palavracesa/chaui.htm

José Maria e Silva
Goiânia (Goiás) Brasil

From: Nancy Bate
Subject: Dialectics
Date: Fri, 8 Oct 1999

In what book and on what page does Hegel state his dialectic theory of history (in which one movement (the thesis) is countered by another (the antithesis), both in interplay giving rise to a third (the synthesis), which now becomes the thesis of a new dialectical interplay). I need to quote him for a term paper on Joyce. (The parenthetical definition I just gave was from an article on Marxism in Encyclopedia Britannica.) When I clicked on your index, I got a blank page. Can you help me out here??


Jo Ann

From: Mike Marchetti
Subject: [hegel] Online Course: Introduction to Hegel's Philosophy

Robbert Veen's Online Study of Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit at http://hegel.net/Phenomenology or http://welcome.to/Hegel has begun an additional new online course "Introduction to Hegel's Philosophy." at http://hegel.net/Phenomenology/philhegel.html.

About this course.

This is an introductory online course on Hegel's Philosophy where we can carefully learn the basic concepts that may not be presented in sufficient detail or understandable language in the Phenomenology and the other works of Hegel. We will have the chance to discuss these concepts in a more focussed manner on this list. We will also offer questions that will test your understanding of the concepts presented. It will be necessary to answer these questions since the purpose of this course is to help its participants learn to think abstractly in order to make the reading of Hegel more intelligible.

To join this course just fill in your email address in the sign-up box found at http://hegel.net/Phenomenology/philhegel.html

Kind regards,
Mike Marchetti

From: Dave Blair
Date: Sat, 9 Oct 1999
Great website!

I'll need a month to get through it, though...

Halle/Saale, Germany

From: zhangning

I visit your page from other site. Whether you like to give the URL for your home page?

your page is so great.

Sincerely yours,

ning zhang

From: Plamen Gradinarov
Organization: Eurasia Academic Publishers
Subject: Academic Resources Channel - InfoBox

Dear Andy,

I invite you to inspect more closely the RSCI Project in the hope that your dialectical expertise will help us impart more academic outlook to it. Our freeware classification of sciences is downloadable at http://www.realsci.com/download.cfm

Self-ironically, I had labeled it: "Browsing with Hegel: The self-development of the Absolute Classification Idea," cf. http://www.realsci.com/methodology.cfm

To fully estimate the methodological potential of the project, I kindly ask you to take use of the RealSci Locator for submitting some of your online papers or other generic resources.

Anyway, accept my congratulations for your great resource guide. Great works are fed by compassion - you may count on my empathy.

Kind regards,

Plamen Gradinarov, Ph.D. in German Phenomenology, D.Sc. in History & Methodology of Science
RSCI Coordinator
Ref. Info: Who's who in the world, 16 ed., 1999

From: Roger Clough
Subject: Hegel tree-structure maps

Hi Andy,

I was looking at your Hegel Homepage,

I'm trying to find a master tree-structure map of any of Hegel's philosophies on the internet, particularly like the fold-out map given in the back of Stace's translation of Phenomenonly of Mind. There is a page on the triads in his logic link on your webpage, but for some reason the tree structure is broken up. (?)

Any clues to where any of these tree-structure diagrams might be found?

Roger Clough

From: chris goodall
Date: Tue, 05 Oct 1999

Dear Andy,

First of all, let me congratulate you for an in-depth website on Mr Hegel.

Dare I go as far as to call it the 'definitve account' of the philosopher.

I am a Englishman, now living and married in the states who is going to grad school part-time in Euro history. Long story...dont ask!

Unfortunately, my area of expertise lies in the period of the Third Reich.

'Unfortunately' because I was told/ forced/ appointed to compile information on Hegel so I may be able to present an oral report of his particular philosophy of history. I have purchased Hegel's, 'Philosophy of history,' and have managed to grab a couple of books that discuss Hegel's wide ranging views.

I am writing to you to see if you would be so kind as to start the ball rolling as it were. I was wondering if you would be able to recommend any specific readings, and also places on your extensive site that may be of assistance to me.

Thank you in advance for any help that you may be able to pass on to an out-of-depth, rapidly drowning, student.

Chris Goodall

From: Wright, Chris
Subject: Love the Web Site

Date: Mon, 4 Oct 1999

Just a few things, more practical than anything.

Can you reprint some of the International Socialist Forum articles by Cyril Smith and Ellen Meiksins Wood on your web site or send them the name of a good web page designer!!! Their text is a nightmare to read! Even printed out.

Are you familiar with the folks from Common Sense, in Edinburgh? Werner Bonefeld, John Holloway, Richard Gunn, Kosmas Psychopedis, Simon Clarke, et al? I know they are anti-Leninist, but really their work has a lot to offer. Common Sense has closed shop, sadly, so maybe it is possible to get their old articles, esp. from the first 7 issues, to reprint here. Really valuable stuff. They still have a web site and you can contact Werner Bonefeld from there. The URL is http://aries.gisam.metu.edu.tr/commonsense/index.html. They also frequently contributed to Capital and Class with some great articles.

Finally, again, great site! I am working through Kant and Hegel right now to get back to Marx in a different way. Sites like yours really help. Keep up the good work.

Comradely Greetings,
Chris Wright
Chicago, IL USA

From: jacques-marie-bernard

je cherche un texte d'Hegel sur la ruse de la raison !
i am looking for a text of Hegel on the reason's ruse !

Can you help me !
Thanks a lot !

From: Dan Silvermintz
Date: Sat, 2 Oct 1999
Subject: Re: Hegel texts

Do you know of a place on the net that has Hegel's "Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion"? I would greatly appreciate n any leads.

Thank you.

Daniel Silvermintz
University of Dallas

From: Swoosh
Subject: hegel's aesthetics: death of art?

Date: Thu, 30 Sep 1999

Hi Andy,

Besides all his other thoughts the aesthetic questions. Hegel should have stated something to effect that art was dead. I am not entirely shure in what context, or if perhaps it was a conditional statement.

Do you have information on this, I would be most grateful, Thank you.

From: Tim McDonough
Subject: thanks


I am a graduate student in the philosophy of ed. program at the Univ. of Illinois. Your web resources have been a great boon for me. I just wanted to let you know that your work is greatly appreciated and a constant source of insight.

My sincerest thanks,

Tim McDonough

From: Vlad Valentinov
Subject: Re: Information request

Dear Dr. Blunden,

My name is Vlad Valentinov, I have graduated this year from an agricultural university in Ukraine. My speciality is farm economics.

However I always had a strong interest in philosophy and especially in Hegel and systems theory. I have several new ideas about the Hegelian implications of agricultural cooperation, I am ready to develop this topic further.

I have also published a paper in Ukraine: "Methodology for Designing the Agricultural Information Network in Ukraine" in which I attempted a philosohical analysis of computerized information system construction.

It is my interest to unite a topic in agricultural economics and philosophical analysis.

Could you please indicate if any research of this type would be of interest in your university or any university you know? Is it possible to apply for a program that would provide funding for such research?

Your early reply will be appreciated.

Thanks, Vlad

From: Nick Underwood
Date: Fri, 17 Sep 1999
Hi Andy,

What a little gem the site is. I just pulled off a few Illyenkov pages for printing. So glad to see him being put to good use. One question (Actually a hidden suggestion). There seems to be little Lukacs. Some extracts from History and Class Consciousness would round off the Hegelian Marxists nicely.

BTW. Do your site run any discussion groups?

Thanks for your site.

From: Baritono
Subject: Message from Italy

My name's Emanuele, I study philosophy at the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore in Milan. I thank you for this wonderful Hegel's web site.

From: Roger Blackwell
Subject: *false concrete*

In the newsgroup a.p.s.t., Stephen R Diamond mentions the term *false concrete* in relation to Hegel. It is a few years since I studied Hegel now and I wondered if you could point me in the right direction to look. I have most of Hegel's books.

Yours fraternally
Roger Blackwell, Norwich, NR3, Britain

From: G Will
Date: Tue, 14 Sep 1999

Thanks so much for this site...it's been an invaluable help!

From: Tim Jones

Hello my name is Tim and I am doing research on Georg Hegel. I was hoping you could help me with this question: How would have the philosophies of Hegel accounted for the significance of the music by Bach, Beethoven, Schubert, Liszt, Wagner and Brahms?

From: Matthew Davis
Subject: Great Webpage - And some Suggestions....

Last time I visited your webpages a couple of years ago, they were great. But now, with all those philosophical treasures, it's a really fantastic site, well-deserving of all the hits it's recorded. All those ordinary working-class people fascinated by philosophy.

I have another couple of URL's that I could give you if you want them. One is Walter Benjamin's "The work of art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction" -


And another is "On the Poverty of Student Life" the famous (or infamous?) situationalist pamphlet from Ken Knabb I think it was, or perhaps Debord. It's an important part of the history of situationalism, so if you fire up the search engine for that one, I can't find it on my Bookmarks file but I've seen and read it on-line, so I know it exists. From memory, it's on Ken Knabb's homepage.

Aside from that, I wish the PLP the best of luck. You say on your webpage that you were first with the WRP/"Healyites". I haven't heard much about them, beyond Healey raped women members and was corrupt and led an ultra-left sect. Presumably, there must be far more to it than that though, that's just the view of a Militant member I know.

OK then. I'll say goodbye.

From: Serkan IÞIn
Subject: About Kojeve

How can I get the exact biography of Kojeve? I am fromTurkey.

From: Eduardo Montoro
Date: Mon, 30 Aug 1999

I would want to know if it exists an encyclopedia or complete works of Hegel on CD.

Thank you.
Eduardo Montoro

From: Paul Stevens
Date: Fri, 27 Aug 1999

Andy great site! I'm very impressed and great links too

If only the Internet had been in existence when I was a student - however in 1984 -87 it was ... let's see .....
ontologically challenged, as you might say

Keep up the good work ...


Paul Stevens
Bristol UK

From: Gennady Kozak
Date: Thu, 26 Aug 1999

Dear Andy!

I am a guy (32 years old) in Ukraine who has just started using the Web. But I have a long time interest in revolutionary theory.

I have seen your page "Hegel by Hypertext" through Soman's revolutionary socialist pages. I have found some of the articles very interesting. For example, I have printed for myself "Intro. to Hegel's Phenomenology" and an article by I'lenkov about dialectics. I am looking forward to finding more about your own researches.

The question I have: did you create your page yourself, using that "wicked" HTML editor, or has someone done it for you? I am trying to create my own homepage at Geocities, and at first go it seems very difficult. So I turned to you for help. I was also trying to contact Soman, but he seems to be on vacation (late August 1999).

Please contact me ASAP

Thank you for your cooperation, Gena.

From: Ron Harton
Subject: philosophy site

Thanks for your excellent site. I am studying the works myself and will recommend it to others.

From: Carol H. Goodfriend
Hello Andy,

I was just wondering- are you affiliated with a particular university and if so, which one and where? Also, what prompted you to write this site, particularly all the biographies?
Did you get funding and do you have a bibliography?

Thank you in advance for your response.

Sari Goodfriend

From: Robert Voppmann

Subject: Hegel by Hypertext -- Online only?
Hi there,

Actually I am delighted about the site you've built. And I'm impressed with the contents, as promised by the pages that I've run through. Now, that I would like to take a closer look at the particulars, I would love to take as much offline as I can, since I don't want to hang on the phone for hours and days (weeks...months.....).

Do you think it would be possible to make the site (as it is) available for download in a zipped archive format or so? Would that be against your feeling about the effort you've put into it or would there be other reasons for not doing that?

I have the nagging feeling that I'm not the only one who prefers to do lengthy reading (browsing) off line.

Thanks & Best Regards,

p.s. I was very impressed with the presence of Ilyenko's essays. So far I had the impression that he was undeservedly little known in the 'west', I must have been wrong...

From: Denise Zarfas
Subject: Your Web Site
Date: Wed, 11 Aug 1999

Just to say EXCELLENT!

The material and lay out of this sight is absolutely brilliant. I haven't enjoyed myself so much in years!

Keep up the good work because it is appreciated

From a grateful 'attempting to be an academic' surfer!

Denise Zarfas

From: V. R. Sonti
Subject: Thank you
Date: Mon, 2 Aug 1999

This note is to thank you for this remarkable job. A true labour of love.

V R Sonti
Lawrenceburg IN, USA

From: Paul Dillon
Subject: Great work!
Date: Fri, 30 Jul 1999


I've just recently discovered the Miniature Library and feel like a child in a candy store. I want to thank you for having put this together. I have studied Marx and Hegel since the 60s but in a very disorganized way and without ever having the benefit of working with people who really know the material. I guess you can't expect much else in the U.S.A. although I did my graduate studies (anthropology and planning at Cornell University) with some avowed marxists but none who had really delved deeply into the question of dialectics.

I wonder if there is a listserv or discussion group online where study of dialectics is pursued or where people who are actively involved in the development of dialectics in research or political practice get together.

In any event thanks. I'm looking forward to working through many of the texts you've made available as well as the wonderful concordances of Lenin's notebooks with Hegel's originals.

BTW, I found the miniature library site looking for stuff on Vygotsky. Right now I've been contributing to the xmca list where "zoneheads" in the U.S. tend to congregate around Mike Cole and Yrjo Engstrom.

Paul H. Dillon
Eureka, California

From: Ted Rose
Date: Sun, 11 Jul 1999
Dear Andy,

As i constantly refer to Marcuse's Reason and Revolution with great satisfaction, i'd be very interested what you think of his exposition of Hegel and/or his relation to Marx. Presumably you don't think much of this or any of his works as he doesn't get a run at all on your site.For that reason alone i'd be most interested in your comments.

I noticed you've added Avineri to your reading list.What,if anything (and i realize one can't read everything ever printed},do you think of Ivan Meszaros' Marx's Theory of Alienation (London 1971)? For myself,the fact that social humanity is a 'self-mediating' being,and the significance of that concept/fact for the much debated question of ' economic determinism',is of immense (not the least of which epistomological/philosophical} importance.Thus, may i be so bold as to suggest Chapter 3 (Conceptual Structure of Marx's Theory of Alienation),section iii (Alienation and Teleology) of this seemingly profound tome as worthy of inclusion on your site? This,if only by way of acquainting fellow Marxists with this most lucid of expositors of,inter alia, the 'dialectical' nexus between Hegel and Marx.

with Socialist/progressive greetings,
ted rose.

From: Roberto

Please add my name to the reading group on Hegel's Logic
Thank you
Roberto R. Baldino

From: Glenn Walsh
Subject: webpage

Dear Andy,
Just a note to say how impressive your work, and webpage, are. Unbelievable.

Glenn Walsh
Philosophy Instructor
Delaware County Community College

Subject: Dialectical Method

Is there any internet forum for discussion on the dialectical method?

From: kathie and jonnie
Subject: Thanks and Lenin vol 14

Dear Andy

Thank you so much for all the work you have put in getting all this stuff on to the internet and making it accessible to people like me. Hitting on your web site(s) was like coming across a treasure chest. My husband Jonathan (also WRP) is currently in prison in Northern Ireland. As a consequence of the "complications" of his life much of his library of philosophical and political works has been lost to him and much more is inaccessible in his current situation because he is only allowed paperbacks. With so much now available on-line I can down-load and print it out to send to him. This is really important for him.

One question I am hoping you might be able to help with. We are trying to get hold of a copy of Volume 14 of Lenin's collected works, but have so far drawn a blank (internet bookshops like Amazon show it in their catalogue but have been unable to supply). Any ideas?

Thanks and regards


From: lütfü simsek

Dear Sir,

I am a university student in Turkey. My subject of study is "the problem of subject and object in western philosophy". Could you help me to find a way to get something about V. Lektorsky. How can I find his E-mail, articles.

Is it possible for you to put something on your web page about him?

I look forward to hearing from you soon.
Kindly regards

lütfü simsek

Date: Mon, 21 Jun 1999
From: Di Phelan
Subject: what a brilliant site !

I am regularly amazed by what can be found on the web - but your site has truly knocked my sox off - I will be back often.

Di Phelan (oz)

From: amanda seller
Subject: interactive / hyperlinked Capital
Date: Sat, 19 Jun 1999

Hallo Andy,
I have used your excellent Hegel Hyperlink site a lot, and was interested in a link which I can no longer find. It was a hyperlinked text of Marx's capital. I would be grateful if you could let me know where I can find it or what's happened to it. I hoped it would assist me in a study of this difficult work.


From: Andrew
Subject: Marxist Study
Date: Thu, 17 Jun 1999

I am beginning a very thorough study of Marxism (and its predecessors, in terms of influence on Marx and Engels) , with focus on the philosophy underneath the politics, so to speak. I have some basic grounding in the subject, and politically consider myself a communist. My question is this: Can you provide a good, basic list of works by the major figures in this subject (ie Hegel, Feurbach, Marx, etc.) and/or compilations or analyses of their works. Books non-sympathetic to Marxism are welcome suggestions as well, if only to provide an alternate point of view.
Thanks for any help you can provide.


From: Tito Cottignoli

nice site

From: John Mark Ockerbloom

A reader pointed me to your copy of Hegel's Shorter Logic at http://www.home.mira.net/~andy/shortind.htm

I'd be interested in listing this book in my On-Line Books Page index, if it's online in full and does not have any copyright problems. Could you tell me if this is the case, and also let me know who did the translating and "shortening", if any? (If you have information on the source edition, that might be helpful too.)


John Mark Ockerbloom
Editor, The On-Line Books Page

From: sally mcneill
Date: Tue, 08 Jun 1999
Subject: can you help?

I would be most grateful if you could answer these questions for me.
What is Hegel's attitude to direct democracy? and What is Hegel's attitude to representative democracy?

Thank you s.mcneill

From: Joseph B. Yesselman

Subject: Ilyenkov's Essay Two - Spinoza
Dear Andy,

May I have your kind permission to copy your: essay2.htm
add my commentary and publish on my web site: http://www.yesselman.com

My warmest regards,


From: Hugh McDaniel
Date: Mon, 07 Jun 1999

Great site, but why Hegel, you look to have embraced the more material stuff from Marx.
I was surfing for thinkers who have tried to penetrate process of realisation, and god concept, that sort of thinking. Ontology and the dynamics behind existence, are you a writer ?


From: Craig Livington
Date: Sat, 5 Jun 1999
Subject: dialectic & revolution


I've visited your site for the first time. Its now one of my key bookmarks.

I'm Ph.D. student doing a dissertation on the way Mormon Church leaders have viewed revolution, 1830-1990.

Hegel's dialectic offers a convenient process model that helps explain changing LDS responses to the Mexican revolution, 1910-1940. Key Mormon officials experienced new "absolutes" as they experienced the revolution first hand (concrete world) and related it to unique Mormon views on the role Indians would play in the unfolding of Mormon eschatology (the idea world).

Perhaps I could ask you a question on Hegel's concept of the "absolute"?

  1. Could a person experience, be, or think of so many things that he becomes the absolute (or ultimate) absolute? Was this God?
  2. Would Hegel have ever believed that a nation could arrive at that transcendant absolute in one blow, such as the establishment of a United States in 1787 under a constitution written by deified "Founding Fathers"?

Craig Livington
Montgomery College

From: Roger Blackwell

Subject: Marxist Web magazine


I was given your name and e-mail address by Alec Prianikoff who thought that you might be interested in an idea for a Marxist Web magazine. I can see that you have a very comprehensive site on Hegel, Marxism and Stalinism and I have spent many years myself studying Marxism and Hegel, as well as engaging in the practical activities of the British WRP.

During 1986, I cancelled my subscription to the News Line and carried out trade union activity and a long study of philosophy, especially empiricism, investigating its roots and practical significance in British bourgeois ideology. I also studied Kant and made further studies of Hegel's philosophy especially "Science of Logic", "Phenomenology of Spirit", and "Lectures on the History of Philosophy".

In 1992, I was asked by to write book reviews for the "Marxist Review" which I have done and also the occasional article. I read "the News Line" daily and "Marxist Review" every month, so I have contact with the small WRP of Torrance, O'Regan, Driver, Wiltshire, Athow etc. I do not agree with them on every question, but my thinking is similar to theirs, especially on international questions like the imperialist war against Yugoslavia and on domestic issues like the defence of welfare reforms etc.

At present, I also read alt.politics.socialism.trotsky and get involved in polemics with other posters. My original post to a.p.s.t. on the idea for a Marxist Web magazine is appended below and I would be grateful for your comments.

From: Carlos Blanco
Subject: hegel on photography
Date: Tue, 1 Jun 1999

Several months ago I visited your page on the occasion of a short course I was taking on Hegel's logic. I'm argentine, architect and also a photographer. Due to the latter and to the fact that I'm giving three courses on practical and theorical aspects of photography (one in the Literature & Philosophy Faculty of the University of Buenos Aires) is that I decided to write to you. I think that not only you have a deep knowledge on Hegel's system but that you also love it.

Now, I'm trying to apply part of that philosophy to the field of photography. If I translate my notes, would you be so kind to give a glance at them?. In case I have to apply some of Hegel's terms, I will try to use the english accepted term or the german one (when I know it). Basically the system aims to show how photography develops itself from a mere object ( what we usually call a photo i.e. a surface treated with chemicals so as to react to light in certain way) to art.

I'm looking forward to your answer.

From: Alethea
Date: Thu, 27 May 1999
Subject: project help

Hi! I'm doing a project about the similiarities and differences between Marx and Hegel. I was wondering if you could point me in the right direction or e-mail me with some helpful info. Thank you very much!

From: Kai Froeb
Subject: Join the Hegel mailing lists at hegel.net
Date: Wed, 26 May 1999

Hi Andy,

I'd like to invite you to join the mailing lists at Hegel.net. Please see http://www.hegel.net/contact.htm for a list of hegel.net mailing lists in the subject of Hegel.

BTW, I could do my own mailing listst but I prefer to do them thru http://www.eGroups.com, which offer a beautiful service (and it's free). So you may also think of creating your own mailing list(s) over there (in case you do, please tell me, I might be interested in joining).

Kai Froeb

From: Bo Thelin
Subject: Your Site!

Absolutely wonderful! You have saved me so much work!
Thank you for making the world a little better!

Bo Thelin

Teacher, Stockholm, Sweden

From: David MacGregor
Date: Fri, 07 May 1999
Subject: Thanks

Andy, thanks for this wonderful site and its powerful search engine. I know it will help me a great deal for research I'm doing on Hegel.

David MacGregor

From: vincent
Subject: Matter concerning Hegel's resources

Hi Andy! I am Vincent, a student currently doing an assignment on Hegel's concept of master and slave. Do you know where can I find resources on the above topic? I will appreciate if you could solve my query. Thanks a million!!!!!

From: Erik Vanleeuw

Where can I find a full e-text of The Philosophy of Fine Arts?

Erik Vanleeuw.

From: Marcus Green
Subject: Dead Link

Hi Andy,
I think you have a great site. I've put it to much good use.

I want to report that item 31. "Contents of The Encyclopedia" has a dead link. You may already know this, but I thought I'd bring it to your attention just in case.

I have used the section on the Philosophy of Right, and I have to say that the translation is much superior than the Knox translation. Did you translate it?

Also, I thought I'd share my sites with you. They are just links, but you might find them interesting.


All the best,

From: Padraic Murray
Date: Sun, 18 Apr 1999

I have been told that to really understand Marxism you must first understand Hegel. Your web site is a great find,a well organized source of information.
Well done.

From: Alejandro Egmont Choreño Borjas

Congratulation for your work.

I have searching for some information about Hegel because I am doing an investigation about "the individual formation in Hegel in relation with the filosophy of TAO (Chuang-tzu) for a philosophy of education".

I am studing in the U.Nacional Autónoma de México in the last grade of filosophy.

Thankes for all.

From: sydney mark heyne

Organization: sultan qaboos university,oman.
Subject: great work!

brilliant site. just found it through the Lion's Den. great to have so many good things in one place. Kudos!

From: Chewbacca

Date: Tue, 13 Apr 1999
Subject: Not Bad
Indeed a pleasure to find intelligent texts on a well organized page on an internet that generally resembles an issue of Playboy.

Hi Andy,

I just saw your web pages on R. Dunayevkskaya and on G.W.F. Hegel. I am also interested in theories of liberation.

I was thinking about putting the first chapter of Philosophy & Revolution online. To me its the most interesting and significant. And it would reach the most wide range of people, including academic interests.
I was wondering why you don't have it online? Would you ever do it for us?
By the way, has the publisher or anyone ever raised a copywrite question with you?


From: Zak

Dear Andy,
First of all, I have found your web page very helpful in my studies- there's some really important texts on there, so thanks for that. But secondly, at the minute, I am subscribed to a Hegel discussion group, but I would very much like to be on a Marx discussion group also, since my knowledge of Marxist economics in particular leaves a lot to be desired! I feel that Hegel and Marx are two of the most important philosophers and have found being on the Hegel discussion group very helpful. Can you please direct me towards any Marx discussion group/s on the internet? I would appreciate it a lot if you could,
All the best (and keep up the good work!),


From: Sofie van der Sluis
Date: Tue, 06 Apr
Subject: some words of admiration

Dear Mister Blunden,
I'm a psychological methodologist, working on a PhD in Learning Potential at this moment.
I would like to congratulate you with and thank you for the fantastic site you host. I very often use it as a source for the articles and columns I write in the Dutch online magazine 'Writers Block magazine' (www.writersblock.net).
Since a few months I write a series on prominent psychologists (Vygotsky, Pavlov, James, Galton, Leibniz and Binet have been reviewed so far), concentrating not only on their work but especially on their lifes. Your site is always of great help.

The magazine we host has been online for almost three years now, so I know a little bit about the efforts it takes to make a good and complete site. I'm always surprised by the energy and trouble some people go through to create a site that is worth visiting. Your site is really at the top of sites with references, primary texts and background information: a real source.

One of the other sites that really amazes me and which keeps growing and growing, is the site of Christopher D. Green "Classics in the History of Psychology" (http://www.yorku.ca/dept/psych/classics/). Maybe you are already familiar with this site but otherwise you might like to visit it one day.

Kind regards and thanks again,
Sofie van der Sluis

From: Marc Goodman
Dear Andy,

I'm trying to find the exact quote from Hegel that starts, I think: 'Consciousness of self is in itself and for itself...'...can you help? I'm desperate! Thanks so much,


From: Al & Karen Stegeman

Here I am, instead of rewriting my syllabi, playing on this newly discovered web site. I feel like I had just come from a reunion of old friends.

Al Stegeman

From: Paulo
Subject: I think that site about Hegel interesting
Date: Sun, 21 Mar

I would like know about the study in America between Hegel and John Rawls. If you could help me, write to me. Thank you.

From: Ann Grady
Subject: dialectic in human services such as marsha linehan

It is Good Friday and I wish you a most happy Easter.

Francis Kane is a good friend of mine at Salisbury State in Salisbury Maryland. I have spoken to him about the "dialectic" as I dealt with it in human services.

Just now I did a search and came up with you.

So ....... I certainly do not want to insult you!!!!! Marsha Linehan is at the U. of Wash in Seattle and she has developed DBT - dialectical behavioral theraphy - behav/cognitive approach for people with personality disorders - people who are very difficult to "reach" or help.

Here my question. In your experience have you had much experience in using the "dialectic" as part of an approach in human services. I am looking for some people to have this conversation with.

Please pass along any ideas or suggestions------I am sure I am also talking about paradox and just the general value of "conflict" in our everyday life.
Your web site is quite impressive. I will come back and look at it more,. I am off to Church and I want to send this to you. Thanks for such a website!!!!

From: Ricky Cheung

Dear Andy,
how excited i am when i find your site. because i can find all the things i want in your site. i searched for the site which can offer information of dialectics. i want to know the history of dialectics and all the philosopher who used to contribute to dialectics, and their work as well.

now i can read your site for every day and night. i love it so much! thank u very much! i am supporting u!

From: Julian Williams
Date: Thu, 1 Apr 1999

Just a note to say thanks for the work on your site, particularly Ilyenkov. I have a battered photocopy of the Abstract and the Concrete which I find fascinating but I have never seen Dialectical Logic before so thanks again,


From: David Birdsong
Subject: Philosophy of fine art

Could you please point me toward précis/commentary/notes/criticism of Hegel's PHILOSOPHY OF FINE ART?

Any information or leads would be much appreciated.
Thanks in advance for your help!

From: Mario Barbosa
Hi, menu item 37 points to same file as 35.

Grateful if you would change that as I am curious to see the Attack on Hegel text.
rgds. mb

Date: Fri, 19 Mar 1999 From: m.kathrada
Organization: University of Central Lancashire

you've got a brilliant web page
very useful for my assignments

see ya

Date: Tue, 16 Mar 1999
From: Christopher Rhoades Dÿkema

I looked at your page a little, and liked what I saw. Is there, however, a similar site that provides Hegel's and the other authors' texts in German? I found one a while ago that gives almost all Georg Simmel's, and he is a good bit more obscure.

Christopher Rhoades Dÿkema

From: Alex

Hello, Andy
Here is Alex from Russia.

I made an attempt to find any information about Hegel's philosophy all around Russia Internet and... failed. So I found your site, and also downloaded your book about Stalinism (but have not read it yet).

First of all I would like to note that as far as Ilyenkov E.V. is concerned - you hit the target!

Bet there is no equal figure in Philosophy in Russia now (as well as in the USSR for the past 10-30 years).

Second - I'm not a professional philosopher, just an ordinary Russian man 44 years old. But in the USSR I used to have a very good teacher (in a higher education institution) in philosophy, who told me a lot about Ilyenkov and dialectics etc.

Third - Maybe you know, maybe not, but there was only one good edition of Hegel in the USSR. The edition was made between 1930 - 1936 (or 1938) to commemorate 100 years of Hegel's death. It is about 14 volumes (don't remember for sure now) of collected works in the edition. ONLY 7000 COPIES OF EACH VOLUME - SUCH A SMALL NUMBER!!!

The editor and the author of brilliant Foreword to the Logic - was prof. A. Deborin who was killed by Stalin in 1938 or so.

It is interesting that vol. 1 of the edition was clever composed of, first, Lenin's "Philosophy copy-books" (Lenin's outline of the Logic) and, second, of Logic itself! Good methodology!

Shorter Logic was published later, may be some times, but shorter... is shorter.

So, I managed to read the Logic and.... and...
And I think that it is the beautifulest BOOK in the World ever written. And it is UNDERSTANDABLE!!!

You know, in my country there always was a common opinion that it is practically impossible to read and understand the Logic. It was 10 years ago.

Some days ago I made an attempt to find something about Hegel and dialectics in Russian Internet and found nothing. Today I'm going to repeat the attempt with "Ilyenkov", "dialectics" as keywords. Not at all sure that my attempt would be a success.

So my idea is to set up a home page devoted to Hegel's Logic, dialectics etc. in the wake.

Too many problems to do so. No scanner (but I have my own outline of Logic). Not stable access to Internet and so on and so forth with day to day problems of "New Russia".

But maybe I will manage to implement my idea.

Oh! Idea! Andy, is it possible to find somewhere in the Internet Hegel's works in Russian? (Translated into Russian). I doubt it.

Thank you for your links. By for now,

From: S Neil
Date: Wed, 10 Mar 1999

I have just begun studying Hegal, but as philosophy is not my strong point, i am very unclear of some of Hegals basic concepts. Could you help me?
I wish to know what Hegal means by Alienation? And what is Hegel's Abstract Right?

Thank you very much
Ms S Neil

From: Nga Chuong
Date: Mon, 01 Mar 1999

Help! I have a paper to do, and I hope you can help me. I need information about Hegel and his theroy about Master and Slave. My professor talked about this few semester ago, however, she no longer teaches here, so I hope you can help me. Thank you

From: Eva Ekeblad
Subject: minor typo, big thanks

OCR-typo in paragraph 3 of http://home.mira.net/~andy/abstrac2.htm
"identical words cover tip completely opposed concepts of the abstract and the concrete" -- should be "cover up", I suppose.

Anyway, great site, just the kind of material that CRIES for hypertexting.

Eva Ekeblad, PhD
Goteborg University
Dept. of Education & Educational Research

From: Juan Moreno
Date: Wed, 24 Feb 1999

My name is Juan David Hoyos Moreno, I from of Pereira Colombia. I am a student of Salesiano San Juan Bosco, I need information of hegel in Spanish (Espanol) for school work. For the lunes 1 of March

Juan David Hoyos Moreno

Date: Wed, 24 Feb 1999
From: M. L. Perez
Organization: American Research Press
Subject: A new logic: Neutrosophic Logic
Dear Andy,

Hegel's dialectic has been extended by Smarandache to neutrosophy, and the fuzzy logic also extended to neutrosophic logic.

Because you gather information from all over the world, I want to let you know about the philosophical activity of the University of Craiova circle. They are studying the neutrosophy and the neutrosophic logic as well.
Can you, please, introduce new entries in your dynamic database for:

  1. "Neutrosophy", which is a new view in philosophy, i.e. an extension of Hegel's dialectic, at: http://www.gallup.unm.edu/~smarandache/NeutroSo.txt
  2. "Neutrosophic Probability", a generalization of the classical probability at: http://www.gallup.unm.edu/~smarandache/NeutProb.txt
  3. "Neutrosophic Set", which is a generalization of the fuzzy set, at: http://www.gallup.unm.edu/~smarandache/NeutSet.txt
  4. "Neutrosophic Logic", which is a generalization of the fuzzy logic, at: http://www.gallup.unm.edu/~smarandache/NeutLog.txt

Neutrosophic Logic is very important in artificial intelligence, computer programming, quantum theory, etc.

All of them are due to Florentin Smarandache, author of Neutrosophy: Neutrosophic Probability, Set, and Logic, American Research Press, Rehoboth, ISBN 1-879585-63-4, Library of Congress Catalog Number 98-70533, 105 pages, 1998.
The book is also published in five parts online at:

There are many other new terms proposed in this book (see the fifth part of it - contents).

The neutrosophy, as a new view point in philosophy, is now the subject of study of a group of philosophers from the University of Craiova and Bucharest, together with: I. Ceapraz, P.Popescu-Neveanu, etc. and students.
Mr. Emil Burton is now defending his dissertation at the University of Cluj on "Neutrosophic Logic, a better approach on the study of Uncertainty".

I am available for any assistance and welcome to keep in touch with you.

Dr. M. L. Perez

Date: Wed, 10 Feb 1999
From: Jean-Luc Gouin
Bonjour Mr.Andy,

Subject: http://home.mira.net/~andy => Great Site!

Maybe something in french, if you wish... http://www.livres-fides.com

My Pleasure,
Jean-Luc Gouin

From: Otto Nielsen
Date: Thu, 14 Jan 1999

Praise for your impressing work on your web-site.

I have for awhile moved around Hegel and I have found some enlightenment from your site. I would like to thank you for making it possible to find texts, which otherwise would be out of reach.

For information:
I am not working professionally with philosophy - far from it - I am a banker by profession (more than 40 years of experience - and still learning!), but Hegel turned up in various connections to reading (Walter Benjamin among others), and as Hegel is forbiddingly difficult to read - in German or in translation - one have to move around and listen to those who had the stamina and insight to read the master himself.

Thanks again for your exemplary site!

Sincerely yours
Otto Nielsen

From: Carson
Date: Tue, 12 Jan 1999

I have been on the net since 1990 and I am still amazed at the results of its presence in my life--it is like a surrogate brain, as long as one can imagine something(or part of something), one can retrieve the expertise of millions on that topic. I appreciate your site, in particular, for providing a valuable resource.


From: Carlos Blanco

My name is Carlos Blanco, I'm an architect.

Although philosophy is not the career I have studied at the university, I have been reading about it for several years, that's what encourages me to write you and to congratulate you for your the excellent job you have done.

It's difficult to find someone who dares to approach Hegel's phil.
And it's even more difficult to succed in that attempt.

I think your page clarifies certain aspectes usually misunderstood about the german philosopher (truth, objectivism esp. as used in marxist world, etc)

Go on!

From: David Kessel

My name is David H. Kessel and I just wanted to let you know I've admired your Website(s) for some time now. I've also been philosophically inclined when it comes to Marx, etc. Meanwhile, I've started a page of my own called The Sociology Shop (link is below). Its not much yet but its growing. I've included a link to your page in The Progressive Room...thought you might like to know. The "serious socialism" is open to revision, any suggestions?

Well...gotta go...hope to hear from you. I'd be honored if you visited TSS. Thanks



From: Mike Jensen
Nice Work

Great job on your web site, I enjoy it very much.


P.S.- Are you interested in posting Voltaire's philosophical dictionary on your site? If so I will send it to you.

1998 Letters

1997 Letters

Hegel-by-HyperText Home Page -at- marxists.org