Immanuel Kant: Ethics Reference Archive

painting of Kant

Immanuel Kant


1724 - 1804

“The first step in regard to the subjects of pure reason, and which marks the infancy of that faculty, is dogmatic. The second, which we have just mentioned, is sceptical, and it gives evidence that our judgement has been improved by experience. But a third step, such as can be taken only by fully matured judgment, based on assured principles of proved universality, is now necessary, namely to subject to examination, not the facts of reason, but reason itself, ... not the censorship but the criticism of reason, whereby not its present bounds but its determinate and necessary limits.” [Critique of Pure Reason]




Critique of Pure Reason, 1787

    On Deduction
    On Antinomies of Reason
    On Hume

Full Text, translated by J. M. D. Meiklejohn

Philosophy of History, 1784

Idea for a Universal History from a Cosmopolitan Point of View

An Answer to the Question: What is Enlightenment?

Moral Philosophy

The Metaphysical Elements of Ethics, 1780
Divisions of the Metaphysics of Morals, 1785
General Introduction to the Metaphysics of Morals, 1785
The Science of Right, 1790

Religion within the Limits of Reason Alone, 1793

from The Critique of Judgment

The Objective Purposiveness of Nature

Further Reading

Classical German Philosophy
Hegel on Kant (History of Philosophy)
Hegel on Kant (Shorter Logic)
Ilyenkov on Kant,
Feliks Mikhailov on Kant.