The Value of Knowledge:
A Miniature Library of Philosophy

tracing the development of ideas on the relation between consciousness and matter through the words of 140 philosophers over 400 years:— Overview

French Materialism & Communism, Marx, 1845
The Task of the Historian of Philosophy, Hegel, 1830
History of Philosophy, Hegel 1806

From Galileo to Feuerbach
Classical Epistemology

Considerations on the Copernican Opinion, Galilei Galileo, 1615
A Natural History for the Building of Philosophy, Francis Bacon, 1607
Discourse on Method, Rene Descartes, 1637
Leviathan and De Cive, Thomas Hobbes, 1650
Ethics, Benedicto Spinoza, 1677
On the Nature of Human Understanding, John Locke, 1689
Of the Principles of Human Knowledge, Bishop George Berkeley, 1710
Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, Isaac Newton, 1712
Monadology, Gottfried Leibnitz, 1714
Utility and Value, Adam Smith, 1759
Spirit of Laws, Charles de Montesquieu, 1752
Emile & Origin of Inequality, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, 1762
Conversation between D'Alembert and Diderot, Denis Diderot, 1769
Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, David Hume, 1772
Age of Reason, Thomas Paine, 1794
Letters from an Inhabitant of Geneva, Claude-Henri Saint-Simon, 1803
» Classical German Philosophy «
Critique of Pure Reason, Immanuel Kant, 1787
Of the Changes in the Tastes of the Nations Through the Ages, Johann Herder, 1766
God, Some conversations, Johann Herder, 1787
Goethe on Science, excerpts, c. 1798
Outlines of the Doctrine of Knowledge, Johann Fichte, 1810
Foundations of Natural Right, Johann Fichte, 1796
System of Transcendental Philosophy, Friedrich Schelling, 1800
Wilhelm von Humboldt on Language, excerpts, c. 1810
On the Critical Philosophy, G W F Hegel, 1830
Philosophy of the Act, Moses Hess, 1843
Principles of the Philosophy of the Future, Ludwig Feuerbach, 1843

Marx & Engels
Preface to Critique of Political Economy

Engels on Hegel and Schelling, 1841
Critique of Hegel's Dialectic and General Philosophy, Karl Marx, 1844
Private Property & Communism, Marx, 1844
Estranged Labour, Marx, 1844
The German Ideology, Marx and Engels, 1845
Theses on Feuerbach, Karl Marx, 1845
Preface to Contribution to Critique of Political Economy, Karl Marx, 1859
Commodities: Use Value & Value, Karl Marx, 1867
Commodities: The Two-fold Character of Labour, Karl Marx, 1867
The Fetishism of Commodities, Karl Marx, 1867
Socialism, Utopian & Scientific, Part III, Frederick Engels, 1877
Ludwig Feuerbach, the End of Classical German Philosophy, Engels, 1888

After the Expurgation of Hegelianism
1841 - The World Historic Split in Western Philosophy

Schelling's Criticism of Hegel, 1841
The Concept of Dread, Søren Kierkegaard, 1844
The World as Will and Representation, Arthur Schopenhauer, 1844
God & the State, Mikhail Bakunin, 1872
A General View of Positivism, Auguste Comte, 1856
A System of Logic, John Stuart Mill, 1843
Utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill, 1863
Reasons for Dissenting from M. Comte, Herbert Spencer, 1864
Notes on positivism, Auguste Blanqui, 1869

Perception under the Microscope

The Challenge of every Great Philosophy, Friedrich Nietzsche, 1874
Concept and Purpose of Psychology, Franz Brentano, 1874
Facts of Perception, Hermann Helmholtz, 1878
How to Make our Ideas Clear, Charles Peirce, 1878
Outline of Psychology, Wilhelm Wundt, 1897
Analysis of Sensations, Ernst Mach, 1886
The Relativity of Space, Henri Poincaré, 1900
What Pragmatism Means, William James, 1906

Sociology before the Russian Revolution

Introduction to the Human Sciences, Wilhelm Dilthey, 1883
Sociology & Science, Max Weber, 1897
Lectures in General Linguistics, Ferdinand de Saussure, 1910
Pragmatism & Sociology, Emile Durkheim, 1914
Mind & Society, Vilfredo Pareto, 1916

From Freud, Pavlov & Einstein to Fascism & War
Psychology & Phenomenology

Psychology as the Behaviorist Views it, J B Watson, 1913
The Work of the Cerebral Hemispheres, I P Pavlov, 1924
• “Weltanschauung”, Sigmund Freud, 1932
The Philosopher's Search for the Immutable, John Dewey, 1929
Mind & Body, Alfred Adler, 1931
Principles of Gestalt Psychology, Kurt Koffka, 1932
Basic Postulates of Analytical Psychology, Carl Jung, 1933
The Objectivity of Perspectives, George Herbert Mead, 1932
The Crisis in Psychology, Lev Vygotsky, 1927
Lectures on Philosophy, Ludwig Wittgenstein, 1933
The Crisis of European Sciences, Edmund Husserl, 1937
Multiple Realities, Alfred Schuetz, 1945
The Basic Problems of Phenomenonology, Martin Heidegger, 1927
On My Philosophy, Karl Jaspers, 1941
The Social Function of Philosophy, Max Horkheimer, 1939
The Structure of Behaviour, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, 1942
Existentialism is a Humanism, Jean-Paul Sartre, 1946

Foundations of Mathematics

Philosophical Importance of Mathematical Logic, Bertrand Russell, 1911
Pure Induction, John Maynard Keynes, 1920
Foundations of Mathematics, David Hilbert, 1927
Lectures on Intuitionism, L E J Brouwer, 1951
Hegel and Mathematics, Ernst Kolman, 1931
Foundations of Mathematics in the light of Philosophy, Kurt Gödel, 1961
Computing Machinery & Intelligence, Alan Turing, 1950

Epistemology & Modern Physics

Epistemology & Modern Physics, Moritz Schlick, 1925
The Logic of Modern Physics, Percy Bridgman, 1927
Discussions with Einstein on Epistemology and Physics, Niels Bohr, 1949
Reply to Criticism, Albert Einstein, 1949
Physics and Philosophy, Werner Heisenberg, 1958
The Philosophical Foundations of Physics, Rudolph Carnap, 1966
Empiricism without the Dogmas, Willard Quine, 1951
Philosophy & Methodology of Present-day Science, Shoichi Sakata, 1968

Marxist Orthodoxy

The Dialectic, Karl Kautsky, 1927
The Materialist Conception of History, G V Plekhanov, 1897
Stagnation & Progress of Marxism, Rosa Luxemburg, 1903
The "Thing-in-Itself" and Dialectical Materialism, V I Lenin, 1908
The Recent Revolution in Natural Science, V I Lenin, 1908
Summary of Dialectics, V I Lenin, 1915
The ABC of Communism, Bukharin & Preobrazhensky, 1919
On the Significance of Militant Materialism, Lenin 1922
What is Proletarian Culture?, Leon Trotsky, 1923
History & Class Consciousness, Georg Lukacs, 1923
Marxism & Philosophy, Karl Korsch, 1923
Dialectical and Historical Materialism, Joseph Stalin, 1938
On Practice, Mao Tse Tung, 1937
Dialectical Materialism, Alexander Spirkin, 1980

The Modern World
Cognition & Psychology

What is a Sign?, Charles Sanders Peirce, 1894
Thought and Language, Lev Vygotsky, 1934
Logic & Existence, Jean Hyppolite, 1952
The Virtue of Scientific Humility, Konrad Lorenz, 1963
The Politics of Experience, R. D. Laing, 1967
Genetic Epistemology, Jean Piaget, 1968
Language & Mind, Noam Chomsky, 1968
The Origins of Cognitive Thought, B F Skinner, 1989

Social Theory

Structure of Social Action, Talcott Parsons, 1937
Lectures on Sound & Meaning, Roman Jakobson, 1942
The Culture Industry, Theodor Adorno & Max Horkheimer, 1944
The Methodology of Positive Economics, Milton Friedman, 1953
Structural Anthropology, Claude Lévi-Strauss, 1958
Dialectic and History, Claude Lévi-Strauss, 1962
Contradiction & Overdetermination, Louis Althusser, 1962
The End of History, Francis Fukuyama, 1992

Science & Society

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Thomas Kuhn, 1962
Objective Knowledge, Karl Popper, 1966
The Ethic of Knowledge and the Socialist Ideal, Jacques Monod, 1970
Against Method, Paul Feyerabend, 1975
Gaia: A new look at life on Earth, James Lovelock, 1975
Overcoming Epistemology, Charles Taylor, 1995

“Western” Marxism

Work of Art in Age of Mechanical Reproduction, Walter Benjamin, 1936
Reason and Revolution, Herbert Marcuse, 1941
Character and the Social Process, Eric Fromm, 1942
The Search for Method, Jean-Paul Sartre, 1960
The Dogmatic Dialectic & the Critical Dialectic, Jean-Paul Sartre, 1960
One Dimensional Man, Herbert Marcuse, 1964
Lenin in England, Mario Tronti, 1936
Preface to History & Class Consciousness, Georg Lukacs, 1967
Long View of History, George Novack, 1956-68
The Theory of Knowledge as Social Theory, Jürgen Habermas, 1968
Marx's Theory of Alienation, Istvan Meszaros, 1970

Liberation Epistemology

The Phenomenological Method in Hegel, Alexandre Kojève, 1934
The Negro Question, C L R James, 1948
The Second Sex, Simone de Beauvoir, 1949
The Myth of Women’s Inferiority, Evelyn Reed, 1954
National Culture & Fight for Freedom, Frantz Fanon, 1959
The Feminine Mystique, Betty Friedan, 1963
Women: The Longest Revolution, Juliet Mitchell, 1966
Sexual Politics, Kate Millett, 1969
The Dialectic of Sex, Shulamith Firestone, 1971
Women: Caste, Class or Oppressed Sex, Evelyn Reed, 1970
The Archæology of Knowledge, Michel Foucault, 1969
Man Made Language, Dale Spender, 1980
Gender & History, Linda Nicholson, 1986
Transformations, Drucilla Cornell, 1991
(Untimely) Critiques for a Red Feminism, Teresa Ebert, 1995
Patriarchy Gets Funky, Naomi Klein, 2001
Feminism and Postmodernism: An Uneasy Alliance, Seyla Benhabib, 1995

Literary Criticism

Elements of Semiology, Roland Barthes, 1964
Of Grammatology, Jacques Derrida, 1967
Society of the Spectacle, Guy Debord, 1967
The Postmodern Condition, Jean-François Lyotard, 1979
Consequences of Pragmatism, Richard Rorty, 1982
The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism, Fredric Jameson, 1991

Recent Marxism

Essays from the History of Dialectics, Evald Ilyenkov, 1960
A Materialist Critique of Objective Idealism, Evald Ilyenkov, 1960
Freedom and Fetishism, Marshall Berman, 1963
Marxian Naturalism, Z A Jordan, 1967
Hegel's Theory of the Modern State, Shlomo Avineri, 1972
Philosophy & Revolution (Lenin), Raya Dunayevskaya, 1973
Philosophy & Revolution (Sartre), Raya Dunayevskaya, 1973
Philosophy & Revolution ("New Forces"), Raya Dunayevskaya, 1973
The Riddle of the Self, Feliks Mikhailov, 1976
The Metaphysics of Positivism, Evald Ilyenkov, 1979
Subject Object Cognition, V A Lektorsky, 1980
Marxist Theory & Class Consciousness, Cliff Slaughter, 1975
Classes and Classifications, Pierre Bourdieu, 1979
Marx's Critique of Classical Political Economy, Geoff Pilling, 1980
The Violence of Abstraction, Derek Sayer, 1987
Logic of Capital, Tony Smith, 1990
Logic: Dialectic and contradiction, Lawrence Wilde, 1991
Marx's Grundrisse & Hegel's Logic, Hiroshi Uchida, 1988
Science and Humanity - Hegel, Marx and Dialectic, Cyril Smith, 1994
How the "Marxists" Buried Marx, Cyril Smith, 1995
Minimum Utopia: Ten Theses, Norman Geras, 2000
The Informatisation of Production, Michael Hardt & Antonio Negri, 2000
On Belief: The Leninist Freedom, Slavoj Zizek, 2001
Repeating Lenin, Slavoj Zizek, 2001
Postmodernism & the ‘Death of the Subject’, James Heartfield, 2003