Stalinism Subject Section: Andy Blunden 1993
Stalinism: Its Origins & Future
by Andy Blunden, 1993
VOLUME I: Origins
Prologue: The Workers Movement from 1848 to 1917, by Chris Gaffney
1. Origins of the Workers' Bureaucracy
- The Workers' Movement before the World War One; Labourism; Social-Democracy; Syndicalism; Australia; Bolshevism.
- The Russian Revolution; The Bolshevik Party; The role of the peasantry in the Russian Revolution; Permanent Revolution; Lenin's Policy of "Revolutionary Defeatism"; The February Revolution; The October Revolution; Women in the Russian Revolution; International Repercussions; Australia; Indonesia; The fate of the Revolution.
- The post-revolutionary crisis; The Civil War Begins; The German Revolution Murdered by Social-Democracy; "Military Communism", 1918 - 1921.
- The New Economic Policy; Preparing for the Revolution in Europe; Lenin's Last Struggles; The German Revolution: a missed opportunity.
- The New Course, 1923; The Reinstatement of Patriarchy; The Turning Point.
2. The Isolation of the Revolution
- 1924 - "Socialism in one country", Britain, China; The "Democratic Dictatorship of the Proletariat and Peasantry"; To the Brink of Counter-revolution 1926 - 1929.
- The 'Third Period'; 1929 - 1933; Catastrophe in Germany.
- The Years of Retreat 1933 - 1936, China, France, Spain; The Moscow Trials, 1936 - 1938; The Stalin-Hitler Pact 1939 - 1941, Australia.
- The Great Patriotic War, Australia.
- Stalin's Terror & the Family; Stalinism and Science and Culture; What is Stalinism?; Why did Stalin Triumph?; How the Communist International was Corrupted.
- Defence of the Soviet Union.
VOLUME II: Crisis
1. The Aftermath of the Second World War
- Sell-out of the Century; The Aftermath of the War, Yugoslavia, the Baltic States, Bulgaria, Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Rumania, DDR; The Impact of the War on the Soviet Union; Stalinist Policy in the West, Italy, France, Britain, Australia, Greece.
- The "Truman Doctrine", Greece; The Effects of the Marshall Plan; Extensive Changes in the World Market; Intensive Changes in the World Market.
- The Post-War Overturns, Rumania, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany; People's Democracy?; The last international "left turn".
- Stalinism & the National Liberation Struggle, Vietnam, Indonesia; The Chinese Revolution; The National Road to Socialism; Socialism in One country is a hopeless perspective.
- Deformed Workers States; The Theoretical Problem posed by the Post-War Overturns; 'state capitalism'; Michel Pablo; The State and social relations of production.
2. The Failure of the Political Revolution
- MacCarthyism and the Cold War; Anti-Communism in Australia; Why the "Iron Curtain";.
- Political Revolution; The Rise of the Political Revolution in Europe, Czechoslovakia 1953, East Germany 1953, Poland 1956; The Hungarian Uprising 1956.
- Khrushchev and the 20th Congress; The Opposition under Khrushchev; "Catching up and Overtaking the West"; Peaceful Co-Existence; Cuba; The Fall-out from Khrushchev's Secret Speech; The Decline of Stalinism.
VOLUME III: Decline
1. The Sino-Soviet Split
- The Sino-Soviet Split; The Great Leap Forward.
- Maoism; "Soviet-Social imperialism"; "bloc of four classes"; "socialism in one commune".
- A conflict of interests; The Split in the CPA; Massacre in Indonesia.
- The Cultural Revolution; China comes in from the cold; China and the national liberation struggle Vietnam; The Victory of the Vietnamese Revolution; Cambodia, Angola.
2. The International Break-up of Stalinism
- The Prague Spring, 1968; Poland, 1968; Reaction of Communist Parties to the Prague Spring, Australia; The French General Strike; Euro-Communism, Italy, Spain, France, Australia; 'Pro-Moscow' splits; Chile 1973; .
- Stalinism By-passed; The Anti-Vietnam War Movement; Stalinism, Socialism and the Women's Movement of the 1970s; The Fragmentation of Stalinism; Disappearing into Social-Democracy; Fragmentation of CPs internationally presages collapse of USSR.
- Poland: Gdansk and Gdynia 1970, Radom 1976, The Birth of Solidarity 1980; How Solidarity Defeated Stalinism
- The Crisis of the Soviet Working Class; Afghanistan.
VOLUME IV: Collapse
1. The Collapse of Eastern Europe
- The Collapse of Eastern Europe; The Crisis in the Soviet Economy.
- Tien An Min Square; Background; The May/June 1989 demonstrations; The demands of the Students and Workers; Declaration by the Provisional Committee of the BWIU; Significance.
- The Dominoes Fall in Europe; Poland, Hungary, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Rumania, Germany, Yugoslavia, Albania, the Baltic States.
- The State in Eastern Europe; What were the main processes that affected countries in the region?; The State; The Economic Crisis; The Political Crisis; The National Crisis.
2. The Collapse of the U.S.S.R.
- The Collapse of the U.S.S.R.; Organised Crime and Socialism; Planning and "Command Economy"; Workers Democracy & Bureaucracy; Gorbachev & Stalin, Revisionism, Centrism; The struggle between Gorbachev and Yeltsin; What role did imperialism play?
- The Moscow Coup.
- Towards Capitalism or Socialism?; The State and Counter-revolution
VOLUME V: Aftermath
1. The Class Struggle in Russia
- The Class Struggle in Russia; The Soviet Working Class and the Fall of the Workers State; A Russian Worker Speaks; The Miners Strike of 1989; The Miners Strike of 1990; The Miners Strike of March 1991; The Russian Working Class continues to struggle; The September 1993 Miners Strike.
- The Russian Working Class; The Strike Committees and the Soviet Trade Unions; Centralism or federalism?; Which comes first: party or union?.
- The Left in the USSR; The Marxist Platform; The Party of Labour; The Anarchists; The Women's Movement in the USSR.
- Boris Yeltsin; The Destruction of the Union; What happened to the Workers State?; The Economic Crisis after August 1991; Yeltsin's Palace Coup October 1993; Is Yeltsin a Stalinist?; Welcome to Democracy; Political Disorganisation, Organised Crime and Capitalism;
2. Beyond Moscow
- The 15 Republics of the former USSR, The C.I.S., The Russian Federation; Ukraine, Byelorussia, The Transcaucasian Republics, Kazakhstan, The Central Asian Republics, Prospects.
- The Women of Eastern Europe.
- South Africa.
- New Zealand.
Excerpts and Documents
- Socialism and War, Lenin 1915
- Imperialism, The Highest Stage of Capitalism, Lenin 1916
- April Theses, Lenin 1917
- "Left-Wing" Communism - an Infantile Disorder, Lenin, 1920
- Lenin's Testament 1922
- The New Course, Trotsky 1923
- Permanent Revolution, Trotsky 1931
- Germany, What Next?, Trotsky 1931
- The Peasant War in China and the Proletariat, Trotsky 1932
- The USSR and Problems of the Transitional Epoch, Trotsky 1938
- The USSR and War, Trotsky 1939
- Interview with General Markos Vafiades, leader of ELAS 1941-1949, 1983
- Khrushchev's Secret Speech at the Twentieth Congress of the CPSU, 1956
- The Chinese Road to Socialism, CI Statement, June 1989
- On the Class Nature of the Soviet Union, Andy Blunden, 9 Aug 1991
- End of an Illusion, Andy Blunden, 30 Aug 1991
- Declaration of Autonomy of the Manila-Rizal Regional Committee of the CPP, July 1993
- Central Committee Discussion paper for SACP Conference, May 1993
- Stalinism: State Capitalism in Russia, Declaration of the 25th CPNZ National Conference, 1993
- The Greek Communist Party, contributed by Michalis, March 1997
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