V. I.   Lenin

Draft Agreement

Written: Written early in September 1900
Published: First published in 1940 in the magazine Proletarskaya Revolyutsiya, No. 3. Published according to the manuscript.
Source: Lenin Collected Works, Progress Publishers, 1964, Moscow, Volume 4, page 350.
Transcription\Markup: R. Cymbala and D. Walters
Public Domain: Lenin Internet Archive (2003). You may freely copy, distribute, display and perform this work; as well as make derivative and commercial works. Please credit “Marxists Internet Archive” as your source.README


1. In view of the solidarity in fundamental conceptions and the identity of practical aims of the Sotsial-Demokrat group abroad and the Russian group that publishes the collection Zarya and the newspaper Iskra, these two organisations conclude an alliance.

2. The two groups will afford each other all-round support: firstly, in regard to literature. The Emancipation of Labour group will collaborate closely in editing the collection Zarya and the newspaper Iskra[1] ; secondly, in delivering and distributing literature, in expanding and consolidating revolutionary connections, and in obtaining material resources.

3. The Sotsial-Demokrat group and special Iskra agents will be the foreign representatives of the Iskra group.

4. Letters and packages from abroad addressed to the Iskra group will be forwarded to the address of the Sotsial Demokrat group. In the event of any member of the Iskra group being abroad, all correspondence will be transmitted to him. If at any given moment there is no member of the Iskra group abroad, the Sotsial-Demokrat group and Iskra agents will take the duties upon themselves.


[1] The terms of this collaboration are laid down in a special agreement.[2]Lenin

[2] This “special agreement” was apparently written later. The following document is now in the arc hives of the Institute of Marxism- Leninism, Central Committee of the C.P.S.U.; it is in an envelope bearing the inscription by N. K. Krupskaya: “Documents relating to the earliest period. Agreement on the publication of Zarya and Iskra:

“1. The collection Zarya and the newspaper Iskra are published and edited by a group of Russian Social-Democrats, the Emancipation of Labour group participating in the editorial work.

“2. All articles on matters of principle and those of special significance will be communicated to all members of the Emancipation of Labour group, if that is not made impossible by editorial and technical circumstances.

“3. The members of the Emancipation of Labour group will vote on all editorial questions—personally, if they are present in the place where the editorial office is located, and by mail when articles are communicated to them.

“4. In the event of differences of opinion between the editors and the Emancipation of Labour group, the editors undertake to publish in full the special opinion of the group or of each of its members individually.

“5. Only point I of this agreement is to be published.
October 6, 1900.”

The document is typewritten, has no heading, and is unsigned.

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