V. I.   Lenin

The Unity Congress of the R.S.D.L.P.[1]

April 10 (23)-April 25 (May 8), 1906

Published: Published in Minutes of the Unity Congress of the R.S.D.L.P. Held in Stockholm in 1906, Moscow, 1907. Published according to the text of the Minutes.
Source: Lenin Collected Works, Progress Publishers, 1965, Moscow, Volume 10, pages 277-309.
Transcription\Markup: R. Cymbala
Public Domain: Lenin Internet Archive (2004). You may freely copy, distribute, display and perform this work; as well as make derivative and commercial works. Please credit “Marxists Internet Archive” as your source.README


1. Speech in Reply to the Debate on the Agrarian Question  279
2. Speech in Reply to the Debate on the Present Situation and the Class Tasks of the Proletariat  289
3. Draft Resolution on the State Duma Submitted to the Unity Congress  292
4. Co-Report on the Question of the Attitude Towards the State Duma  294
5. Speech on the Question of Armed Uprising  299
6. Statement in Support of Muratov’s (Morozov’s) Amendment Concerning a Parliamentary Social-Democratic Group  302
7. Dissenting Opinion on the Composition of the Parliamentary Group of the R.S.D.L.P.  303
8. Resolution on the Accountability of the Credentials Committee to the Congress  305
9. Statement on the Necessity of the Congress Approving the Minutes  306
10. Written Statement at the Seventeenth Session of the Congress  307
11. Written Statement at the Twenty-First Session of the Congress  308
12. Written Statements at the Twenty-Sixth Session of the Congress  309



[1] The Fourth (Unity) Congress of the R.S.D.L.P. took place in Stockholm from April 10-25 (April 23 to May 8), 1906.

The Congress was attended by 112 delegates with the right to vote, who represented 57 local Party organisations, and 22 delegates with voice but no vote. Other participants were delegates from various national Social-Democratic parties: three each from the Social-Democrats of Poland and Lithuania, the Bund and the Lettish Social-Democratic Labour Party, one each from the Ukrainian Social-Democratic Labour Party and the Finnish Labour Party, and also a representative of the Bulgarian Social-Democratic Labour Party. Among the Bolshevik delegates were M. V. Frunze, M. I. Kalinin, N. K. Krupskaya, V. I. Lenin, A. V. Lunacharsky, F. A. Sergeyev (Artyom), S. C. Shaumyan, I. I. Skvortsov-Stepanov, J. V. Stalin, K. Y. Voroshilov and V. V. Vorovsky. The main items on the Congress agenda were the agrarian question, an appraisal of the current situation and the class tasks of the proletariat, the attitude to the Duma, and organisational matters. There was a bitter controversy between the Bolsheviks and Mensheviks over every item. Lenin made reports and speeches on the agrarian question, the current situation, and tactics regarding the Duma elections, the armed uprising, and other questions.

The preponderance of Mensheviks at the Congress, while slight, deter mined its character— the Congress adopted Menshevik resolutions on a number of questions (the agrarian programme, the attitude to the Duma, etc.). The Congress approved the first clause of the Rules—concerning Party membership—in the wording pro posed by Lenin. It admitted the Social-Democratic organisations of Poland and Lithuania and the Lettish Social-Democratic Labour Party into the R.S.D.L.P., and predetermined the admission of the Bund.

The Congress elected a Central Committee of three Bolsheviks and seven Mensheviks, and a Menshevik editorial board of the Central Organ.

Lenin analysed the work of the Congress in his pamphlet Report on the Unity Congress of the R.S.D.L.P. (see pp. 3:17-82 of this volume).

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