Vladimir Ilyich Lenin

Peter Genov. Feuerbachs Erkenntnistheorie
Und Metaphysik.
Zürich, 1911
(Berner Dissertation) (S. 89)

Written: December 29-30, 1914
Source: Lenin’s Collected Works, 4th Edition, Moscow, 1976, Volume 38, pp. 326-327
Publisher: Progress Publishers
First Published: 1930 in Lenin Miscellany XII. Published according to the manuscript
Translated: Clemence Dutt
Edited: Stewart Smith
Transcription & Markup: Kevin Goins (2008)
Public Domain: Lenin Internet Archive (2008). You may freely copy, distribute, display and perform this work; as well as make derivative and commercial works. Please credit “Marxists Internet Archive” as your source.

Lenin’s remarks on Peter Genov’s book “Feuerbachs Erkenntnistheorie und Metaphysik.” Zürich, 1911 (Berner Dissertation) (S. 89) [Peter Genov, Feuerbach’s Theory of Knowledge and Metaphysics, Zürich, 1911 (Bern Dissertation) (p. 89)] were written December 29-30, 1914, in Bern.
Note that this document has undergone special formating to ensure that Lenin’s sidenotes fit on the page, marking as best as possible where they were located in the original manuscript.




This purely amateurish work consists almost ex-
of quotations from Feuerbach’s collected
works |Jodi edition|. It can be useful only as a collection
of quotations, and incomplete at that.

the author has far from worked out his subject

The author quotes mainly:

Vol. II, especially “Thesen und Grundsätze,” and then
“Wider den Dualismus.”[1]

X, especially “Über Spiritualismus und Materialismus.”
NB VIII, Vorlesungen über das Wesen der Religion (Feu-

erbach himself wrote in 1 8 48 that this was a
more mature work of his than The Essence of
, published in 1 8 41) |VIII, SS. 26,
29; 102-109; 288; 329 and others|.
VII. Das Wesen der Religion (1 8 45: Feuerbach
regards it as important
IV. “Leibnitz” with the notes of 1847 (NB) |IV,
SS. 261; 197; 190-191; 274|.
VII. Addenda to Wesen des Christentums.

The author quotes (in the spirit of Feuerbach):
Ebbinghaus: Experimentelle Psychologie, SS.
110 und 45.
     Fr. Jodl: Lehrbuch der Psychologie, S. 403.
A Forel: Gehirn und Seele, X. Auflage, S. 14.


Lange[2] (II. Buch, S. 104) against Feuerbach, he says, is obviously wrong (S. 83 and 88), distorting (and denying)
Feuerbach’s materialism.

At the beginning the author gives a sketch of Feuer-
bach’s philosophical evolution,—Todesgedanken (1830)—
still a Hegelian; Der Schriftsteller und der Mensch[3] (1834)—
beginning of the rupture; Kritik des Antihegel (1835)—
against the enemies of Hegel, but not in favour of Hegel
(cf. de Grün,[4] Bd. II, 409; I, 390 and 398).—The Critique
of Hegelian Philosophy
[5] (1839).—The Essence of Christian-
(1 8 41)—the rupture—Theses and Principles of the
Philosophy of the Future
(1842 and 1843).—The Essence
of Religion
(1845).—Lectures on the Essence of Religion



[1] “Thesen und Grundsätze” (“Theses and Principles”) refers to two works by Feuerbach: Vorläufige Thesen zur Reform der Philosophie (Preliminary Theses on the Reform of Philosophy) and Grundsätze der Philosophie der Zukunft (Principles of the Philosophy of the Future) contained in Vol. II of Feuerbach’s works, published by Bolin and Jodl. This volume also contains the work Wider den Dualismus von Leib und Seele, Fleisch und Geist (Against Dualism of Body and Soul, Flesh and Spirit). The phrase “particularly über Spiritualismus und Materialismus” refers to Über Spiritualismus und Materialismus in besonderer Beziehung auf die Willensfreiheit (On Spiritualism and Materialism with Particular Reference to Free Will) contained in Vol. X.

[2] The reference is to Fr. A. Lange’s book “Geschichte des Materialismus” (F. A. Lange, History of Materialism) in which the history of materialism is given in distorted form.

[3] Here the author was “not a pantheist, but a polytheist” (S. 15); “more a Leibnitzian than a Hegelian” (S. 15).—Ed.

[4] The reference is to K. Grün’s book “Ludwig Feuerbachs Briefwechsel und Nachlass” (K. Grün, Ludwig Feuerbach’s Correspondence and Literary Heritage).

[5] The German titles of Feuerbach’s works are: Kritik der Hegelschen Philosophie; Wesen des Christentums; Vorläufige Thesen zur Reform der Philosophie; Grundsätze der Philosophie der Zukunft; Wesen der Religion; Vorlesungen über des Wesen der Religion.—Ed.


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