Written: Written on December 30, 1917 (January 12, 1918)
Published: First published in 1942 in Lenin Miscellany XXXIV. Printed from the original.
Source: Lenin Collected Works, Progress Publishers, 1975, Moscow, Volume 44, page 52.
Translated: Clemens Dutt
Transcription\Markup: D. Moros
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The Council of People’s Commissars is confident that Comrade Antonov will continue as before to act in close contact with the central Ukrainian Soviet authorities who were greeted by the Council of People’s Commissars, and with the Commissar Extraordinary appointed by the C.P.C.
 On December 12 (25), 1917, the First All-Ukraine Congress of Soviets held in Kharkov proclaimed the Ukraine a Soviet Republic and elected the All-Ukraine Central Executive Committee of Soviets. In a telegram to the Council of People’s Commissars on December 13 (26), the Ukrainian Central Executive Committee proclaimed the unity of interests of the peoples of the Ukraine and Soviet Russia. On December 16 (29), the Council of People’s Commissars sent a telegram in reply, greeting the formation of “truly popular Soviet rule in the Ukraine” and promising “the new government of the fraternal republic full support in every way in the struggle for peace and also in the transfer of all land, factories and banks to the working people of the Ukraine”.
On December 19, 1917 (January 1, 1918), the C.P.C. appointed G. K. Orjonikidze Acting Commissar Extraordinary of the Ukraine for co-ordinating the activities of Soviet organisations functioning in the Ukraine.