Lenin Collected Works:
Preface by Progress Publishers
Volume 8 contains the works of Lenin written between January and
July 1905, during the early period of the first Russian
revolution. Most of the book consists of articles published in the
underground Bolshevik newspapers Vperyod and
The articles “The Autocracy and the Proletariat”,
“The Fall of Port Arthur”, “European Capital and
the Autocracy”, and “Debacle” give an analysis of
the military defeat and political crisis of the autocracy and
predict the inevitability of the revolution in Russia.
The articles “Two Tactics”, “Should We Organise
the Revolution?", “New Tasks and New Forces”, “On
the Provisional Revolutionary Government”, “The
Revolutionary- Democratic Dictatorship of the Proletariat and the
Peasantry”, and “The Revolutionary Army and the
Revolutionary Government” examine and develop the
revolutionary tactics of the Bolshevik Party and expose and
criticise the opportunist tactics of the Mensheviks.
Lenin's campaign against the splitting activities of the Mensheviks
and for preparing the Third Congress of the R.S.D.L.P.—the
first Bolshevik congress—is unfolded in his articles
“Time to Call a Halt!", “A Brief Outline of the Split in
the R.S.D.L.P.", “General Plan of the Third Congress
Decisions”, “Draft Resolutions for the Third Congress of
the R.S.D.L.P.", “The First Step”, “What the
Bonapartists Are Up To”, “The Second Step”, and
“Open Letter to Comrade Plekhanov, Chairman of the Council of
A considerable part of the volume consists of documents pertaining
to the Third Congress of the R.S.D.L.P.—Lenin's reports and
speeches at the Congress, and resolutions
drafted by him on the armed uprising, on the provisional
revolutionary government, on support to the peasant movement, on the
events in the Caucasus, and on other questions.
The volume includes articles directed against bourgeois liberalism,
such as “The Agrarian Programme of the Liberals”,
“Political Sophisms”, “The First Steps of
Bourgeois Betrayal”, "'Revolutionaries' in Kid
Gloves”, and “The Struggle of the Proletariat and the
Servility of the Bourgeoisie".
Fourteen articles and briefer items, published for the first time in
the Collected Works of Lenin, are devoted to an analysis of
the revolutionary events in Russia and to questions pertaining to
the Third Congress of the R.S.D.L.P.
In his article “Revolution in Russia”, Lenin for the
first time evaluates the events of January 9 as the beginning of
the revolution and salutes the insurgent proletariat. His articles
“The First Steps”, “The Eve of Bloody
Sunday”, “The Number of Killed or Wounded”,
“The Battles on the Barricades”, and
“St. Petersburg After January 9" deal with the early days of
the revolutionary struggle in St. Petersburg and with the growing
political consciousness of the Russian proletariat.
In his “First of May” leaflet, Lenin sets forth the
tasks of the proletariat and the peasantry in the revolution and
calls for the preparation of the popular armed uprising.
The item “Conferences of the Committees” reports on the
conferences of the local committees which went on record for the
immediate convocation of the Third Party Congress. The article
“From the New-Iskra Camp” exposes the
systematic deception of the Party by the Mensheviks.
The documents “Resolution on the Armed Uprising”,
“Speech on the Procedure of the Discussion of the Resolutions
on the Relations Between Workers and Intellectuals Within the
Social-Democratic Organisations”, “Resolution on the
Publication of the Congress Proceedings”, and “Draft
Resolution on the Events in the Caucasus” pertain to the
materials of the Third Congress of the R.S.D.L.P.
In the short article “The New Russian Loan” Lenin deals
with the decline of the tsarist government's credit abroad due to
the military defeats and the growing discontent within the country.