Lenin Collected Works:
Preface by Progress Publishers
Volume Eighteen contains works written by V. I. Lenin from April
1912 to March 1913, during the new revolutionary upswing in Russia.
The bulk of the volume is made up of writings in which Lenin
analyses the socio-economic and political causes of the growth of a
new revolution in Russia, elaborates the tactics to be followed by
the Bolshevik Party in the conditions of the new revolutionary
upswing, and exposes the counter-revolutionary nature of the liberal
bourgeoisie and the treacherous part played by the Menshevik
liquidators, Trotskyists and Vperyodists in the working-class
movement. Among them are the articles “The Revolutionary
Upswing” and “Political Parties in Russia”, the
pamphlet The Present Situation in the R.S.D.L.P.,
“The Liquidators Against the Party”, “How
P. B. Axelrod Exposes the Liquidators", etc.
A large number of writings —"The Fourth Duma Election
Campaign and the Tasks of the Revolutionary Social-
Democrats”, “The Platform of the Reformists and the
Platform of the Revolutionary Social-Democrats”,
“Results of the Elections", “Concerning Certain
Speeches by Workers' Deputies", etc.—are devoted to the
Fourth Duma election campaign, and to appraising the election
results and the activity of the Duma Social-Democratic group.
In “The Essence of the 'Agrarian Problem in Russia'",
“A Comparison of the Stolypin and the Narodnik Agrarian
Programmes", “The Last Valve” and other articles,
Lenin reveals the essence of Stolypin's agrarian policy and
demonstrates why it was bound to fail.
The resolutions of the “February” meeting of the
C.C. R.S.D.L.P. and Party functionaries, published in this
volume, give directives on all the major questions of Social-
Democratic work in Russia.
The volume contains fifteen writings that are included in Lenin's
Collected Works for the first time. They are concerned
with the struggle against the liquidators and with the elaboration
of tactical problems of the Bolshevik Party.
The document “Concerning the Workers' Deputies to the Duma and
Their Declaration” is a draft declaration for the
Social-Democratic group in the Fourth Duma.
In “The Illegal Party and Legal Work"~ “A Reply to the
Liquidators”, “Original Postscript to the Pamphlet
The Present Situation in the R.S.D.L.P.", “Can the
Slogan 'Freedom of Association' Serve as a Basis for the
Working-Class Movement Today?", “Letter to the Swiss
Workers", “On the Attitude to Liquidationism and on
Unity. Theses", and “Original Postscript to the Article
'The Development of Revolutionary Strikes and Street
Demonstrations'", Lenin criticises the views of the liquidators
Trotsky, who fully supported the liquidators.
The articles “The Cadets and the Big Bourgeoisie” and
“Constitutional Illusions Lost” expose the Duma tactics
of the Cadets, the party of the counter-revolutionary liberal
The articles “Revolts in the Army and Navy", “The
Workers and Pravda”, and “Before and Now”
analyse the upswing of the revolutionary movement and the
development of the legal Bolshevik press.
The “Notification” on the February meeting of the
C.C. R.S.D.L.P. and Party functionaries sums up the results of that