V. I. Lenin

The Life and Work of V.I. Lenin


January-March The work of the “groups supporting Iskra” and its agents in Russia (St. Petersburg, Moscow, Pskov, Poltava, Samara, South Russia, etc.) develops under Lenin's guidance.
First half of February The second issue of Iskra appears, carrying Lenin's article, “The Drafting of 183 Students into the Army."
Mid-February Lenin goes to Prague and Vienna to arrange for N. K. Krupskaya to go abroad.
End of February-first half of March (March) Lenin conducts negotiations for the establishment of an illegal printing-press for Iskra in Russia (in Kishinev).
March 10 (23) The first issue of Zarya appears carrying three of Lenin's articles under the heading, Casual Notes.
April 12 (25) Lenin places before the Emancipation of Labour group a plan for the unification of Russian revolutionary Social-Democratic organisations abroad, grouped round Iskra, into a League of Russian Revolutionary Social-Democracy.
April 19 (May 2) The third issue of Iskra appears, carrying Lenin's article 'The Workers' Party and the Peasantry."
Between April 24 and May 1 (between May 7 and 14) The Conference in Munich of the Editorial Board of Iskra and Zarya discusses Lenin's plan for the formation of the League of Russian Revolutionary Social-Democracy Abroad, as well as provisional rules for the League.
Volume 4   /   Volume 5
May, prior to 13(26) Lenin begins work on his book What Is To Be Done?
May 13-16 (26-28) Lenin's “Where To Begin” is published in Iskra, No. 4; in this article Lenin outlined a concrete plan for the building of a revolutionary party of the working class, which was later developed in What Is To Be Done?
May-June -- Lenin guides the organising of the transport of Iskra to Russia.
-- Lenin conducts negotiations with the Iskra group in Baku for reprinting Iskra in the local under ground print-shop organised by V. Z. Ketskhoveli.
-- In letters to Iskra agents Lenin gives instructions on the reprinting of material published in the news paper at the Iskra underground press in Kishinev.
June, prior to 24 (beginning of July) Lenin writes his “Persecutors of the Zemstvo and the Hannibals of Liberalism”.
June 24 and 26 (July 7 and 9) Lenin poses to the Iskra editors the question of drafting a Party programme.
June 24-July 17 (July 7-30) The discussion on Lenin's article “Persecutors of the Zemstvo and the Hannibals of Liberalism” by the Iskra editors reveals differences between Lenin and Plekhanov on the question of the attitude to the liberals. Lenin refuses to change the general tone of the article or to revise his position of principle on the question of the attitude to the liberals.
June Lenin's article “Another Massacre”, on the workers' defence at the Obukhov Works, published in Iskra, No. 5.
June-September Lenin writes “The Agrarian Question and the 'Critics of Marx"', directed against the revisionist “Critics” of the Marxist theory of the agrarian question.
July -- In a letter to an Iskra adherent Lenin protests emphatically against the publication, in St. Petersburg, of a local periodical of the Russian Iskra organisation, believing that plan to be a return to amateur methods of work.
-- Lenin's article “A Valuable Admission” published in Iskra, No. 6.
July 31-August 12 (August 13-25) Lenin receives from Russia N. K. Krupskaya's first pamphlet, The Woman Worker, printed in the Iskra underground press at Kishinev.
August -- Lenin's article “The Lessons of the Crisis” published in Iskra, No. 7.
-- Lenin sends to Iskra agents in Russia the plan he has elaborated for an All-Russian Iskra organisation.
September 10 (23) Lenin's article “The Serf-Owners at Work” pub lished in Iskra, No. 8.
September 20 (October 3) Lenin participates In a conference of representatives of Iskra and Sotsial-Demokrat organisations abroad held in Zurich. The conference instructs Lenin to speak at the “Unity” Conference of the R.S.D.L.P. organisations abroad.
September 21 (October 4) Lenin speaks at the “Unity” Conference of Iskra and Sotsial-Demokrat organisations, the Union of Russian Social-Democrats Abroad, the Bund, and the Borba group, and exposes the opportunism of the leaders of the Union Abroad.
September 22 (October 5) After reading a declaration on the final rupture with the Union Abroad, Lenin and the representatives of Iskra and Sotsial-Demokrat organisations abroad leave the “Unity” Conference.
Late September-early October (October) -- Lenin negotiates with an Iskra agent from Russia and gives instructions on the formation of an All- Russian Iskra organisation.
-- Lenin participates in the organisation—undertaken on his initiative—of the League of Russian Revolutionary Social-Democracy Abroad, which united the adherents of Iskra and the Sotsial Demokrat organisation.
October Lenin's articles “Fighting the Famine-Stricken”, “A Reply to the St. Petersburg Committee”, and “Party Affairs Abroad” published in Iskra, No.9.
November, prior to 20 (December, prior to 3) Lenin's article “Penal Servitude Regulations and Penal Servitude Sentences” published in Iskra, No. 10.
November 20 (December 3) Lenin's article “The Protest of the Finnish People” published in Iskra, No. 11.
December, prior to 5 (18) In a letter to the Iskra organisations in Russia Lenin presents the information that What Is To Be Done? will shortly be published.
December 5 (18) In a letter to an Iskra agent Lenin objects strongly to the use of the Iskra press at Kishinev for printing writings of an “Economist” tendency.
December, prior to 6 (19) In the name of the Iskra Editorial Board Lenin writes a letter of congratulation to G. V. Plekhanov on the anniversary of his twenty-five years of revolutionary activity.
December 6 (19) Lenin's article “A Talk with Defenders of Economism” published in Iskra, No. 12.
December, between 6 and 10 (19 and 23) Zarya, No. 2-3 publishes Lenin's “The Persecutors of the Zemstvo and the Hannibals of Liberalism”, the first four chapters of his work “The Agrarian Question and the 'Critics of Marx"' under the title “The 'Critics' on the Agrarian Question” (the first article signed N. Lenin), and “Review of Home Affairs”.
December 20 (January 2, 1902) Lenin's article “Demonstrations Have Begun” published in Iskra, No. 13.
December 21 (January 3, 1902) Lenin receives the first copy of Iskra, No. 10, printed at the Iskra underground press in Kishinev.