The Collected Works of L. S. Vygotsky

Volume 1
Problems of General Psychology


Including the Volume Thinking and Speech

Prologue to the English Edition, Jerome Bruner1
The Development of Vygotsky’s Thought: An Introduction, Norris Minick17


Chapter 1. The Problem and the Method of Investigation43
Chapter 2. The Problem of Speech and Thinking in Piaget’s Theory53
Chapter 3. Stern’s Theory of Speech Development93
Chapter 4. The Genetic Roots of Thinking and Speech101
Chapter 5. An experimental Study of Concept Development121
Chapter 6. The Development of Scientific Concepts in Childhood167
Chapter 7. Thought and Word243


Lecture 1. Perception and Its Development in Childhood289
Lecture 2. Memory and Its Development in Childhood301
Lecture 3. Thinking and Its Development in Childhood311
Lecture 4. Emotions and Their Development in Childhood325
Lecture 5. Imagination and Its Development in Childhood339
Lecture 6. The Problem of Will and Its Development in Childhood351
Afterword to the Russian Edition, A. R. Luria359

Volume 2
The Fundamentals of Defectology
(Abnormal Psychology and Learning Disabilities)

Vygotsky and Soviet Russian Defectology: An Introduction, Jane Knox and Carol B. Stevens1

Part I: General Problems of Defectology

Introduction: Fundamental Problems of Defectology29
Chapter 1: Defect and Compensation52
Chapter 2: Principles of Education for Physically Handicapped Children65
Chapter 3: The Psychology and Pedagogy of Children’s Handicaps76

Part II: Special Problems of Defectology

The Blind Child97
Principles of Social Education for the Deaf-Mute Child110
Compensatory Processes in the Development of the Retarded Child122
The Difficult Child139
Moral Insanity154
The Dynamic of Child Character153
Defectology and the Study of the Development and Education of Abnormal Children164

Part III: Questions at the Forefront of Defectology

The Study of the Development of the Difficult Child173
Bases for Working with Mentally Retarded and Physically Handicapped Children178
Fundamental Principles in a Plan of Pedological Research in the Field of “Difficult Children”184
The Collective as a Factor in the Development of the Abnormal Child191
Introduction to Ia. K. Tsveifel’s book, Essay on the Behavioral Characteristics and Education of the Deaf-Mute209
Introduction to E. K. Gracheva’s book, The Education and Instruction of Severely Retarded Children212
The Problem of Mental Retardation220
The Diagnostics of Development and the Pedological Clinic for Difficult Children241
From Addresses, Reports, etc.292

Volume 3
Problems of the Theory and History of Psychology

Some Major Themes in Vygotsky’s Theoretical Work. An Introduction, René van der Veer1
On Vygotsky’s Creative Development, A. N. Leont'ev9

Part 1: Problems of the Theory and Methods of Psychology

Chapter 1: The methods of reflexological and psychological investigation35
Chapter 2: Preface to Lazursky51
Chapter 3: Consciousness as a problem in the Psychology of Behavior63
Chapter 4: Apropos Koffka’s Article on Self-Observation (Instead of a Preface)81
Chapter 5: The Instrumental Method in Psychology85
Chapter 6: On Psychological Systems91
Chapter 7: Mind, Consciousness, the Unconscious109
Chapter 8: Preface to Leont'ev123
Chapter 9: The Problem of Consciousness129
Chapter 10: Psychology and the Thery of Loclaization of Mental Functions139

Part 2: Developmental Paths of Psychological Knowledge
Chapter 11: Preface to Thorndike147
Chapter 12: Preface to Bühler163
Chapter 13: Preface to Köhler175
Chapter 14: Preface to Koffka195
Chapter 15: The Historical Meaning of the Crisis in Psychology: A Methodological Investigation233
Epilogue, M. G. Yaroshevsky and G. S. Gurgenidze371

Volume 4
The History of the Development of the Higher Mental Functions

Chapter 1: The problem of the Development of Higher Mental Functions1
Chapter 2: Research Method27
Chapter 3: Analysis of Higher Mental Functions65
Chapter 4: The Structure of Higher Mental Functions83
Chapter 5: Genesis of Higher Mental Functions97
Chapter 6: The Development of Speech121
Chapter 7: Prehistory of the Development of Written Language131
Chapter 8: Development of Arithmetic Operations149
Chapter 9: Mastering Attention153
Chapter 10: The Development of Mnemonic and Mnemotechnical Functions179
Chapter 11: Development of Speech and Thinking191
Chapter 12: Self-Control207
Chapter 13: Cultivation of Higher Forms of Behavior221
Chapter 14: The problem of Cultural Age231
Chapter 15: Conclusion; Further Research; Development of Personality and World View in the Child241
The Question of Multilingual Children253

Volume 5
Child Psychology


Part 1: Pedology of the Adolescent

Chapter 1: Development of Interests at the Transitional Age3
Chapter 2: Development of Thinking and Formation of Concepts in the Adolescent29
Chapter 3: Development of Higher Mental Functions during the Transitional Age83
Chapter 4: Imagination and Creativity in the Adolescent151
Chapter 5: Dynamics and Structure of the Adolescent’s Personality167

Part 2: Problems of Child (Developmental) Psychology

[See Vygotsky's Unfinished Theory of Child Development, by Andy Blunden] 
Chapter 6: The Problem of Age187
Chapter 7: Infancy207
Chapter 8: The Crisis of the First Year243
Chapter 9: Early Childhood261
Chapter 10: The Crisis at Age Three283
Chapter 11: The Crisis at Age Seven289

Volume 6
Scientific Legacy

Tool and Sign in the Development of the Child
Chapter 1: The Problem of Practical Intellect in the Psychology of Animals and Psychology of the Child3
Chapter 2: The Function of Signs in the Development of Higher Mental Processes27
Chapter 3: Sign Operations and Organization of Mental Processes39
Chapter 4: Analysis of Sign Operations of the Child45
Chapter 5: Methods of studying Higher Mental Functions57

The Teaching about Emotions. Historical-Psychological Studies
Sections 1-2071-235
On the Problem of the Psychology of the Actor’s Creative Work237

Texts not included in the Collected Works

Lectures on Pedology (1933-34) Russian 
 Part I. The foundations of Pedology 
     Lecture 1: The object of pedology  
     Lecture 2: The characteristics of the method of the pedology 
     Lecture 3: The study of the heredity and the environment  
     Lecture 4: The Problem of the Environment 
     Lecture 5:The general laws of the psychological development of the child  
     Lecture 6: The general laws of the physical development of the child  
     Lecture 7: The laws of the development of nervous system  
 Part II. The Problem of Age 
     The concept of pedological age  
     The problem of the periodization of children's development dependent on age  
     The structure and dynamics of the age 
     The problem of age and the diagnostics of development  
     The crisis of age 3-7  
     The negative phase of the transitional age  
     The school age  
     Thinking of the schoolchild 
The Psychology of Art (1917) 
Educational Psychology (1926) 
Ape, Primitive Man and the Child (1930) 
Play and its role in the Mental development of the Child (1933) 
In the Vygotsky Reader 
     Introduction to Freud's Byond the Pleasure Principle, with Luria 
     Principles of Social Education for deaf-dumb children 
     The Socialist Alteration of Man 
     Thought in Schizophrenia 
     Fascism in Psychoneurology