MIA: Encyclopedia of Marxism: Glossary of Events

All-Russia Congresses of Peasants' Deputies


May 4 - 28, 1917

The First All-Russia Congress of Peasants' Deputies was held in Petrograd on May 4-28 (May 17-June 10), 1917. It was attended by 1,115 delegates from the provinces and army units. The Congress was dominated by the SRs. The Congress approved the policy of the bourgeois Provisional Government and participation of Socialists in that government. It went on record in favour of continuing the war "to the victorious end" and of launching an offensive at the front. The Congress declared against the immediate transfer of the landed estates to the peasants and postponed the land question pending the convocation of the Constituent Assembly.