MIA: Encyclopedia of Marxism: Glossary of People



Tsereteli, Irakly (1882-1959)

Georgian Social Democrat. Member 2nd Duma. Exiled to Siberia by Czar. Menshevik leader. A Centrist during WWI.

A member of the Executive Committee of Petrograd Soviet 1917, Tsereteli became the first Minister of Posts and Telegraphs in the Provisional government. After the July events he became Minister of the Interior, replacing Prince Lvov.

After the October Revolution Tsereteli lead the anti-Soviet bloc in the Constituent Assembly which refused to recognise the Soviet government. Executive Committee member 2nd International.

During the Civil War Tsereteli helped establish the Menshevik government of Georgia. After Stalin led the Red Army to invade Georgia (what became known as the Georgian Incident), the Menshevik government was overthrown and Tserteli thereafter left Russia.


Tso-lin, Chang (1873-1928)

Chinese warlord who controlled Manchuria with Japanese backing in the 1920s. In 1928 he was assassinated by the Japanese military when they decided to dump their protege in order to prepare for direct military intervention in Manchuria.

Sergei Sedov

Tsushima, Tadayuki (1901-1979)

One of the first Japanese Marxists to introduce the ideas of Leon Trotsky to Japan. An anarchist in his early youth, Tsushima converted to Communism in the mid-Twenties under the influence of Kazuo Fukumoto, a charismatic intellectual who briefly led the Japanese Communist Party. Tsushima soon grew disillusioned by the JCP, particularly its “two-stage” strategy for revolution, and began to examine the ideas of Trotsky. Tsushima was critical of orthodox Trotskyism, however, and was one of the first Japanese Marxists to insist that the Soviet Union was a state capitalist society. He presented his theory of state capitalism in 1956, in the book Kuremuren no shinwa (Myths of the Kremlin). In addition to numerous books he authored on the subject of the Soviet Union, Stalinism and Trotskyism, Tsushima translated a number of books by Marxists, including Tony Cliff, C.L.R. James and Raya Dunayevskaya, in addition to his translations of several books by Trotsky.

See The Law of Value and Socialism.