MIA: Encyclopedia of Marxism: Glossary of Periodicals
A fortnightly journal published abroad from June 18 (July 1), 1902 until October 5 (18), 1905, under the editorship of P. Struve. It expressed the views of a moderate, monarchist inclined, liberalism. In 1903 the Osvobozhdeniye League developed around the journal, taking definite shape in January 1904, and existing until October 1905.
Together with the Zemstvo constitutionalists, the Osvobozhdinye group formed the nucleus of the Constitutional-Democratic Party (Cadets) which came into being in October 1905.