Marxists Internet Archive: History Archive: British History: Independent Labour Party

Kier Hardie

The Independent Labour Party

The ILP was a reformist Party founded by the leaders of “New Unionism” in 1893, capitulated to social chauvinism during WW1, but then took up a centrist position between the Labour Party and the Communist Party.

The ILP existed until 1975 when it renamed itself Independent Labour Publications and became a pressure group inside Labour Party.

The I.L.P., from the Encyclopedia of Marxism.


First Conference of the ILP (Press Report, January 1893)
The Independent Labour Party, Keir Hardie, 1894
The Independent Labour Party: Its History and Policy, Tom Mann, 1897
Greetings from the Left Wing I.L.P. Group to the Communist Unity Convention, 1920


Pamphlets published by the I.L.P.

Persia, Finland, and our Russian Alliance, 1915
Oil and Finance in Turkey, Persia and Mesopotamia, George Horwill, 1921
Democracy or Revolution in Spain?, Johan Matteo, 1937
The Truth About Barcelona, Fenner Brockway, 1937
Terror in Spain, John McGovern, 1937
The Spanish Revolution: The Life of Andreu Nin, Wilebaldo Solano, 1974


The I.L.P. published The New Leader, Controversy, Left and other periodicals which included the following:

Intervening in Abyssinia, C.L.R. James, New Leader, October 1935
The Workers and Sanctions, C.L.R. James, New Leader, 25 October 1935
“Civilising” the “Blacks”, C.L.R. James, New Leader, May 1936
Unemployment Has Two Roots, Karl Kautsky, New Leader, 27 March 1937
Trotskyism, C.L.R. James, Controversy, October 1937
Fascism in the Colonies, George Padmore, Controversy, Vol. 2, No. 17, February 1938
An Outrageous Report, George Padmore, Controversy, Vol. 2, No. 18, March 1938
White Workers and Black, George Padmore, Controversy, Vol. 2, No. 20, May 1938
Why Moors help Franco, George Padmore, New Leader, 20 May 1938
The Government’s Betrayal of the Protectorates, George Padmore, Controversy, Vol. 2, No. 21, June 1938
Why I join the I.L.P., George Orwell, New Leader, 24 June 1938
Hands Off the Soviet Union, George Padmore, Left, No. 41, February 1940
Empire “Gauleiters” Greet Each Other, George Padmore, Left Forum, No. 52, January 1941
The Socialist Attitude to the Invasion of the U.S.S.R., George Padmore, Left, No. 60, September 1941
Blue-Print of Post-War Anglo-American Imperialism, George Padmore, Left, No. 84, October 1943
Imperialism: The Basis of Labour Party Crisis, George Padmore, Left, No. 92, June 1944
Where Goes This New Communism?, Christopher Pallis, Left, No. 95, September 1944
“State Capitalism – a New Order”, Raymond Challinor, Left, No. 140, June 1948


Last updated on 4 June 2023