V. I.   Lenin

The Working Class and Revolution

Written: Written in August 1905
Published: First published in 1926 in Lenin Miscellany V. Published according to the manuscript.
Source: Lenin Collected Works, Progress Publishers, 1972, Moscow, Volume 9, pages 207-208.
Translated: The Late Abraham Fineberg and Julius Katzer
Transcription\Markup: R. Cymbala
Public Domain: Lenin Internet Archive (2004). You may freely copy, distribute, display and perform this work; as well as make derivative and commercial works. Please credit “Marxists Internet Archive” as your source.README

1. The democratic and the socialist revolution.

2. The bourgeois nature of the democratic revolution. (“Bourgeois and socialist revolution.”)

3. The tasks of Social-Democracy as an independent class party of the proletariat.

4. The role of the peasantry in the democratic revolution.

5. Insurrection and the revolutionary army.

6. The revolutionary government. Its tasks.

7. The revolutionary-democratic dictatorship of the proletariat and the peasantry.

1. α) The aims of the working class. β)   Social-Democracy.   Our programme. γ)The   maximum   and δ) the   minimum   programme. {A description of it (compare 6 points[1] )}

ε) The democratic and the socialist revolution.

2.   The bourgeois and the socialist revolution.   Why is the democratic revolution bourgeois in nature? α) Commodity and capitalist production. β) The economic essence. γ) The Constitutional-Democratic Party, its programme, and its class essence.   A class party.   Zemstvo congresses. Unions of intellectuals. The legal press.

b) Bourgeois advice to the proletariat: the trade union struggle, etc.

3. Conclusions from the above.   An independent class party.   Organisation—trade union and Party, agitational, and military. Marxism: “a doctrine”.

4. The peasantry’s special interests. Remnants of serf-ownership. Why is the role of the peasantry in the democratic revolution of particular importance? The   "general redistribution” and its significance. The peasants are the workers’ natural allies. The peasantry’s petty-bourgeois nature.

5. The uprising. Moral and material force.
Arming of the people.   Military   organisation (military problems, etc.). The revolutionary army. (Example: Nizhni-Novgorod and Ekaterinoslav) ((bombs, arms)).

6. The revolutionary government, the   organ   of uprising. The significance of a revolutionary government and revolutionary   power.   Participation in a revolutionary government. The programme of a revolutionary government: 6   points. Get Europe moving.

7. What is dictatorship? Dictatorship of a   class   and dictatorship of an individual. Democratic dictatorship. Classes.


[1] See p. 183 of this volume.—Ed.

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