MIA: Marx & Engels

Frederick Engels

Socialism: Utopian and Scientific

Written: Between January and March of 1880;
Source: Marx/Engels Selected Works, Volume 3, p. 95-151;
Publisher: Progress Publishers, 1970;
First Published: March, April, and May issues of Revue Socialiste in 1880;
Translated: from the French by Edward Aveling in 1892 (authorised by Engels)
Transcription/Markup: Zodiac/Brian Baggins;
Online Version: Marx/Engels Internet Archive (marxists.org) 1993, 1999, 2003.


Preface to the First German Edition, Engels 1882
[General Introduction and the History of Materialism]
[History of the English middle-class]
Introduction to the French Edition, Karl Marx 1880


Part I: [Utopian Socialism]

Part II: [Dialectics]

Part III: [Historical Materialism]


“At the request of my friend, Paul Lafargue, now representative of Lille in the French Chamber of Deputies, I arranged three chapters of this book as a pamphlet, which he translated and published in 1880, under the title: Socialisme utopique et Socialisme scientifique. From this French text, a Polish and a Spanish edition were prepared. In 1883, our German friends brought out the pamphlet in the original language. Italian, Russian, Danish, Dutch, and Roumanian translations, based upon the German text, have since been published. Thus, the present English edition, this little book circulates in 10 languages. I am not aware that any other Socialist work, not even our Communist Manifesto of 1848, or Marx's Capital, has been so often translated. In Germany, it has had four editions of about 20,000 copies in all.” [from the Preface to the 1892 English Edition]