MIA: Subject: Darwin and Darwinism


Darwin and Darwinism

“The whole Darwinian theory of the struggle for existence is simply the transference from society to animate nature of Hobbes’ theory of the war of every man against every man and the bourgeois economic theory of competition, along with the Malthusian theory of population. This feat having been accomplished ... the same theories are next transferred back again from organic nature to history and their validity as eternal laws of human society declared to have been proved.”
[Engels to Lavrov, 1875.]

Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin The Origin of Species, 1859


Friedrich Engels
Letter to Lavrov, 1875
Anti-Dühring (ch. 7), 1877
Speech at the Grave of Karl Marx, 1883

Edward Aveling
Darwin Made Easy, 1887
Charles Darwin and Karl Marx: A Comparison, 1897

Paul Lafargue
Darwinism on the French Stage, 1890

August Bebel
The Darwinian Theory and Socialism, 1899

Enrico Ferri
Socialism and Modern Science (Darwin, Spencer, Marx), 1900

Peter Kropotkin
Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution, 1902
The Direct Action of Environment and Evolution, 1919
Ethics: Origin and Development (ch. 3), 1924
Kropotkin Was No Crackpot, Stephen Jay Gould, 1988

Karl Kautsky
The Ethics of Darwinism, 1906
Nature and Society , 1929

Anton Pannekoek
Marxism and Darwinism, 1912

Leon Trotsky
Darwinism and Marxism in The Tasks of Communist Education, 1922
Trotsky on Darwin, W. E. Lyte, 1924

J.B.S. Haldane
A Dialectical Account of Evolution, 1937
Is Professor Haldane's Account of Evolution Dialectical?, A.P. Lerner, 1938

Harry Young
Charles Darwin. His Life and Work, 1959
Darwin's Bulldog, 1959
Marx and Darwin, 1983

Other authors
Marx and Darwin, K. A. Timiryazev, 1944
The evolution revolution (Interview with James Moore), 1992
Darwin, Materialism and Evolution, Alex Callinicos, 1996
Genetic Politics, Andrew West, 2004
Evidence and Evolution: A Controversial Theory, Rob Bartlett, 2006
Charles Darwin and Materialist Science, Ian Angus, 2009
Marx, Engels and Darwin, Ian Angus, 2009
On Darwin's 200th Anniversary, Ansar Fayyazuddin, 2009
The Evolution of Evolution, Ansar Fayyazuddin, 2013


Last updated on: 16 August 2023