Vladimir Ilyich Lenin


Chapter IV. The Growth of Commercial Agriculture

Written: 1896-1899.
Source: Lenin’s Collected Works, 4th Edition, Moscow, 1964, Volume 3, pp. 252-330
Publisher: Progress Publishers
First Published: First printed in book form at the end of March 1899. Published according to the text of the second edition, 1908.
Original Transcription & Markup: R. Cymbala (2000)
Re-Marked up by: K. Goins (2008)
Public Domain: Lenin Internet Archive (2000). You may freely copy, distribute, display and perform this work; as well as make derivative and commercial works. Please credit “Marxists Internet Archive” as your source.


I. General Data on Agricultural Production in Post-Reform Russia and on The Types of Commercial Agriculture  252
II. The Commercial Grain-Farming Area  257
III. The Commercial Stock-Farming Area. General Data on the Development of Dairy Farming  261
IV. Continuation. The Economy of Landlord Farming in the Area Described  267
V. Continuation. The Differentiation of the Peasantry in the Dairy-Farming Area  275
VI. The Flax-Growing Area  282
VII. The Technical Processing of Agricultural Produce  287
VIII. Industrial Vegetable and Fruit Growing; Suburban Farming  304
IX. Conclusions on the Significance of Capitalism in Russian Agriculture  310
X. Narodnik Theories on Capitalism in Agriculture. “The Freeing of Winter Time”  318
XI. Continuation.—The Village Community.—Marx’s Views on Small-Scale Agriculture.—Engels’s Opinion of the Contemporary Agricultural Crisis  323


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