Encyclopedia of Anti-Revisionism On-Line

U.S. Anti-Revisionism

First Wave, 1946-1958 – Index Page


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During World War II, the alliance between the Soviet Union and the Western capitalist powers led the Communist Party, USA to promote a political line that was predicated upon continuing cooperation and good relations between the war-time allies into the post-war era. Earl Browder, General Secretary of the CPUSA, was the chief author of this line, as spelled out in his book: Tehran, Our Path in War and Peace (1944). For Browder, the collaboration of the USSR, Britain and the U.S. internationally in the war needed to be matched by the collaboration of American capitalists and communists in a “national unity front” to defeat fascism and insure international cooperation in the postwar world. As the Communist contribution to this “national unity front” Browder successfully promoted the dissolution of the Communist Party and its replacement by a “non-partisan” Communist Political Association in 1944.

The breakdown of the wartime alliance and the beginnings of the Cold War in 1945-46 resulted in a major shift in international communist strategy and tactics. Soviet intervention (via the French Communist Jacques Duclos) took aim at Browder and resulted in the reconstitution of the Communist Party, USA and the repudiation of the Browder line in 1946. Browder himself and a handful of his family and friends were expelled, but the leadership which reconstituted the Party in 1946 was by and large the same leadership that had approved Browder’s Tehran line in 1944.

Across the United States, a number of rank and file communists, veteran Party leaders and returning war vets were dissatisfied with the way the reconstitution of the Party was handled. They accused the leadership of continuing revisionism, the betrayal of Marxism-Leninism, and of practicing “Browderism without Browder.” Some of these dissidents voluntarily quit the Party; others were expelled for “ultra-leftism” and “sectarianism.” During the period 1946-1948, a variety of small groups and little publications were created around the country by these “anti-revisionists.” A few well-known leaders, including Harrison George and William F. Dunne, even published books spelling out their critique in detail. However, efforts to unify these disparate groups failed and most of these initiatives disappeared as the Cold War intensified. Only one publication Turning Point, continued appearing until 1962.

Index of topics covered in this section (by alphabetical order)
Background CPUSA Materials on the Anti-Revisionists
Background CPUSA Primary Materials
Background Materials on Post World War II Anti-Revisionism
Coverage of Anti-Revisionists in the Bourgeois Press
Coverage of Anti-Revisionists in the Trotskyist Press
Primary Anti-Revisionist Documents

Contents

General Analyses

On the Roots of Revisionism. A Political Analysis of the International Communist Movement and the CPUSA 1919-1945 by the Bay Area Study Group

Background CPUSA/CPA Primary Materials

The Communist Political Association
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The Road Ahead to Victory and Lasting Peace, Earl Browder

The Heritage of the Communist Political Association by Robert Minor

Birth of the CPA

Concerning a Charge of Betrayal, Hans Berger [The Communist, May 1944]

From a Convention Notebook [on the CPA founding convention] by Joseph North

Appeal to Latin America, Earl Browder [New Masses, June 6, 1944]

Economic Problems of the War and Peace, Earl Browder

America's Elections and the Teheran Concord, Earl Browder [The Communist, December 1944]

Communists in the Struggle for Negro Rights, [Earl Browder, James W. Ford, Benjamin J. Davis, Jr., William L. Patterson]

November 7 and the Future, Earl Browder [New Masses, December 26, 1944]

November 7 and the Future: II, Earl Browder [New Masses, January 2, 1945]

America's Decisive Battle, Earl Browder

Defeatist Trends on the "Left", Earl Browder [New Masses, April 3, 1945]

The Duclos Letter and its Aftermath
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On the Dissolution of the Communist Party of the United States. Jacques Duclos

A Foreword to the Article of Jacques Duclos, Earl Browder [The Worker, May 27, 1945]

The Present Situation and the Next Tasks Draft Resolution of the National Board, CPA, adopted June 2, 1945

CPA National Board also decides upon discussions on resolution

Speeches at the Plenary Meeting of the National Committee, C.P.A., June 18-20, 1945

Earl Browder

Gilbert Green [Political Affairs, July, 1945]

Morris Childs [Political Affairs, July, 1945]

Roy Hudson [Political Affairs, July, 1945]

Elizabeth Gurley Flynn [Political Affairs, July, 1945]

Doxey A. Wilkerson [Political Affairs, July, 1945]

Samuel Donchin [Political Affairs, July, 1945]

Carl Winter [Political Affairs, July, 1945]

V.J. Jerome [Political Affairs, July, 1945]

William Z. Foster [On the Question of Revisionism]

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The Present Situation and the Next Tasks Draft Resolution of the National Board as amended and approved by the National Committee, C.P.A., June 20, 1945 [Political Affairs, July 1945]

The Reconstitution of the Communist Party John Williamson [Political Affairs, September 1945]

The Present Situation and the Next Tasks Resolution of the National Convention of the Communist Party, USA, adopted July 28, 1945 [Political Affairs, September 1945]

Telegram to Comrade William Z. Foster Mao Zedong

Australian Communists Reject Browder's Revisionism L.L. Sharkey [Political Affairs, November 1945]

Open Letter from Earl Browder in Yonkers, NY, to the Yonkers Club, CPUSA, 1946

Appeal of Earl Browder to the National Committee, CPUSA Against the Decision of the National Board for His Expulsion, 1946

Marxism-Leninism vs. Revisionism William Z. Foster, Jacques Duclos, Eugene Dennis and John Williamson

On the Struggle Against Revisionism [Prepared by the National Veterans Committee of the Communist Party for free distribution to Communist ex-servicemen of World War II]

The Path of a Rengade. Why Earl Browder Was Expelled from the Communist Party Robert Thompson

On Guard Against Browderism, Titoism, Trotskyism John Gates

Editorial Coverage and Readers' Letters in the New Masses on the Issue of Browderism

Between Ourselves

Letter to the Editor: We Are Tolerated

Duclos on the American Communists

The Editors: The Communists Take Stock

Letter to the Editor: Marx, Duclos and NM

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The Editors: The C.P.A. Evaluates Its Course

An Editorial: NM Evaluates Its Course

Letter to the Editor: The Marxist Road Today

An Editorial: More on the CPA

Letter to the Editor: Answering F.J. Meyers

The Editors: The C.P.A. Strengthens Its Policy

Letter to the Editor: Marxist Problems Today

The Editors: A Letter to Our Readers

Letter to the Editor: A Critic of NM

Letter to the Editor: “Devoutly Thankful”

The Editors: The Communists Clear the Decks

Letter to the Editor: How Could It Happen?

Letter to the Editor: Back to Fundamentals

Letter to the Editor: Background to Error

What the Communists Did by Joseph North

The Persistence of Error by Joel Bradford

The Editors: Report To Our Readers

Letter to the Editor: Neither Head Nor Tail [and Editors’ response]

Letter to the Editor: Browder vs. Browder

Letter to the Editor: National Wars [and Editors’ response]

Letter to the Editor: Psychology in the CP

The Case of Earl Browder

Browder: Renegade's Road A.B. Magil

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General Background Materials on Post World War II Anti-Revisionism

Anti-Revisionist Communism in the United States, 1945-1950 by Paul Costello

In Memorium – Ellwood Griest by Paul Costello

The CPUSA’s Liberal-Labor Approach to the Critique of Browder

What happened to the Anti-Revisionists in the CPUSA after World War II?

William F. Dunne and the Fight Against Revisionism in the CPUSA

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Background CPUSA Materials on the Anti-Revisionists

The Minton-McKenney Flight by the Editors of the New Masses

Statement by the National Board of the Communist Party on the Recent Expulsions of Vern Smith, Ruth McKenney, Bruce Minton and William F. Dunne

The Struggle Against Deviations and Factionalism in San Francisco by Oleta O’Conner Yates

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Coverage of Anti-Revisionists in the Bourgeois Press

Two Writers Ousted by Communist Party [from N.Y. Times, September 13, 1946]

Dunne, A Founder, Ousted by Communists on 4 Charges of Opposing Party Line [from N.Y. Times, September 28, 1946]

Communist Party Explains Ousters [from N.Y. Times, October 1, 1946]

11 Rank-and-File Communists Ousted by Party for Rebellion [from N.Y. Times, November 6, 1946]

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Coverage of Anti-Revisionists in the Trotskyist Press

CP Expels Two Editors Of “New Masses”

Labor Action Editorial: The Case of McKenney and Minton

Wm. Dunne Expelled By Stalinist Party by Carl Davis

Profound Crisis Inside the Communist Party Revealed In Wave Of Expulsions For “Leftist” Opposition

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Labor Action Editorial: Rank and File Dissent in the CP

CP Leaders Expell 11 More

On the Group Recently Expelled from the Communist Party: Ex-CPers Indict Their Party as Anti-Socialist by Carl Davis

Ex-CPers Expose Stalinist Party Role as Strikebreaker by Carl Davis

New Opposition in Stalinist Party

Why McKenney-Minton Quit CP, Part 1 by Carl Davis

Why McKenney-Minton Quit CP, Part 2 by Carl Davis

Expulsions Fail To End CP Crisis

Opposition Hits CP Anti-Socialism

Internal Cracks in a Totalitarian Structure: Critical Opposition Rises in the Stalinist Party by Carl Davis

Crisis In Communist Party: Dissidents Hit CP Election Policy

Crisis In Communist Party: Line Of CP Dissidents On War

Crisis In Communist Party: Aims Of Dissident Leaders

An Analysis of the CP Oppositionists: The Fantastic Nature of the Fight in the American Stalinist Ranks by Carl Davis

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Primary Anti-Revisionist Documents

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The Ruth McKenney-Bruce Minton Report by Ruth McKenney and Bruce Minton

The Struggle Against Opportunism in the Labor Movement – For a Socialist United States by William F. Dunne

The Crisis in the C.P.U.S.A. by Harrison George

Supplement to “The Crisis in the C.P.U.S.A.” by Harrison George

Statement from the Maritime Committee for a Communist Party

13 Years of CPUSA Misleadership on the Woman Question by Mary Inman

New Committee for Publications

New Committee for Publications

The No. 1 Problem of the Labor Movement in the U.S.

The Struggle for Socialism in the U.S. and the Elections

Questions and Answers

Letter to Spark

Practical Suggestions... Planning Bolshevik Work

Problems of Pre-CP Groups... Mass-Action Campaigns

P.R. Club/Spark/Turning Point

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An SOS to All Communists from the P.R. Club, C.P.

Our S.O.S. Answered

Towards A Marxist Party – A Draft Transitional Program

Hari Kari on the Ninth Floor

Spark: Declaration of Intentions

Towards A Marxist Party – Spark’s Reaction to N.C.P#8217;s Letter and Dunne’s Pamphlet

Towards A Marxist Party – An Analysis of NCP’s Position

A Letter from Canada

Towards A Marxist Party – Magic Caps and Monsters

Towards A Marxist Party – Magic Caps and Monsters (II)

Three Letters on Opportunism

The Fight Against Opportunism in the C.P. of North Carolina

Declaration of Turning Point

Letter to Communist Information Bureau

An Open Letter to Comrade Stalin and the Central Committe of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union – from The P.R. Club, CPUSA (Expelled)

Foster’s New Route To Socialism

Burt Sutta

The Fight Against Revisionism in the U. S. Communist Party

Correspondence with Homer Mulligan

Periodicals

Spark

Fore ’N Aft

Turning Point



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