MIA: History: USA: Publications: The People

<em>The People</em>

1891 – 2008


Introduction

The People was an official organ of the Socialist Labor Party of America (SLP), a weekly newspaper established in New York City in 1891. The paper is best remembered as a vehicle for the ideas of Daniel DeLeon (1852–1914), the dominant ideological leader of the SLP from the 1890s until the time of his death. The paper became a daily in 1900, reverting to weekly publication in 1914 for budgetary reasons. Publication of the paper was moved to Palo Alto, California during its later years, finally terminating publication in 2008. Its 117 years of continuous publication make The People the longest running socialist newspaper in the history of American political radicalism.


Forerunners

The privately-owned Workmen's Advocate of the Socialist Labor Party was the direct antecedent of the party-owned broadsheet, The People.

The Workingmen's Party of the United States was established in August 1876, changing its moniker to the more familiar Socialist Labor Party of America at its "National Congress" held in the last days of 1877 in Newark, New Jersey. The members of the organization were predominantly immigrants from Germany throughout its earliest years, although the SLP did maintain 7 English-speaking Sections by the end of 1877.

Bolting trade union-oriented Marxists established a newspaper called The Labor Standard in 1877, although no official English-language publication existed until the governing National Executive Committee established The National Socialist in Cincinnati, Ohio in May 1878. This publication was in existence only a short time before budgetary concerns forced its abrupt termination, with a Chicago newspaper called The Socialist emerging as the main English-language organ of the organization. The party's German-speaking majority were served by a privately owned daily, the New Yorker Volkszeitung (New York People's News), which first saw print in 1878.

The SLP's English-speaking membership atrophied during the first half of the 1880s and the organization had no official English paper for several years. Instead, the organization launched and briefly maintained an official organ in German, Der Sozialist (The Socialist), published in New York City from 1885 to 1887. It was not until a privately owned weekly, The Workmen's Advocate, debuted in New Haven, Connecticut by the Trades Council of New Haven on September 8, 1883 that the SLP's English-speaking members again had access to a party-oriented newspaper in their own language. It would be this publication from which The People would emerge.

Establishment

Volume 1, number 1 of The People was unveiled on April 5, 1891 as the first party-owned English weekly since termination of The National Socialist. The large broadsheet was produced on the press owned by the association which published the Volkszeitung and Sunday was initially chosen as the weekly publication day. First editor of the publication was Lucien Sanial (1835–1927), a French-born veteran of the socialist movement.

Sanial was soon shunted aside however, resigning as editor in 1892 to make way for the rising star of the SLP's firmament, a university lecturer recently converted to Marxism named Daniel DeLeon. Although Sanial's leaving was ostensibly related to failing eyesight and other physical difficulties associated with old age, few active in the party doubted that the actual reason for Sanial's removal related to a simple need to seat the energetic and intense DeLeon in the editorial chair. DeLeon would remain at the post until his death in May 1914.

DeLeon proved to be a highly effective editor of the 4-page weekly, contributing a stream of articles which aggressively excoriated purported systemic defects of capitalism, while expounding the benefits of the socialist system. DeLeon's consistent and confrontational leftism in the pages of the party weekly soon propelled him to a position of high authority among the SLP's rank-and-file membership, even exceeding that of the nominal political chiefs of the organization.

1899 split

As the decade of the 1890s progressed the Socialist Labor Party became deeply divided over the relationship of the party to the trade union movement, with Daniel DeLeon and his co-thinkers supportive of dual unionism through the SLP's 1896 establishment of a socialist rival to the American Federation of Labor and Knights of Labor called the Socialist Trade and Labor Alliance. The organization's division over the matter converged around the party press, with The People and the SLP's official German paper, Vorwärts, filled with attacks upon so-called "pure and simple labor unions" and their allegedly corrupt officers.

An Anti-DeLeon "opposition faction" headed by Morris Hillquit and Henry Slobodin emerged, grouping themselves around the widely circulated New Yorker Volkszeitung. These insurgents expressed critical support for the AF of L and its unions, seeking to radicalize these through the tactic of boring from within. In July 1899 matters came to a head with the anti-DeLeon insurgents of New York calling a special meeting at which the offices of Executive Secretary, the members of the National Executive Committee, and editorship of The People were declared vacant.

There followed a period of organizational dualism, in which two groups both claimed for themselves the mantle of the Socialist Labor Party, each with their own officers and their own official English-language newspaper called The People. It was during this interval that the publication published by the DeLeon faction rebranded itself as The Weekly People to aid in the process of differentiation. The paper changed to a daily frequency in 1900, thereby becoming The Daily People, ultimately reverting to the previous name in 1914 when financial concerns forced a retreat to weekly status. This name was maintained for decades.

Ultimately the DeLeon regulars won rights to the name of the paper in the courts and the dissident edition of The People was supplanted in April 1901 by the establishment in New York City of The Worker — lineal forerunner of the New York Call. That same year the anti-DeLeon dissidents of the so-called "Springfield Social Democratic Party" became one of the primary components of a new organization called the Socialist Party of America.

Early 20th century

The first two decades of the 20th Century proved to be the period of greatest political influence for The People. In conjunction with the SLP's publishing house, the New York Labor News Company, an array of Marxist articles and pamphlets saw print, including the first American publication of Marx's Critique of the Gotha Program in the pages of The People on January 7, 1900. In addition to translations by DeLeon of the so-called "Marxist classics, new speeches and writings by DeLeon himself were published, such as The Burning Question of Trade Unionism (1904) and Flashlights of the Amsterdam Congress (1906).

A sharply critical and at times venomous rhetorical tone was maintained in the pages of The People against the perceived opponents and rivals of the SLP. In 1911 a series of 30 articles were published in the paper's pages analyzing the day-to-day activities of Victor L. Berger, elected as the first Socialist to the U.S. Congress in the fall of the previous year. These articles were later collected in pamphlet form in a tract entitled Berger's Hit and Misses. Similarly, a series of 19 articles by DeLeon in The People written against the ideas of a popular anti-socialist priest, Thomas Gasson, were later gathered into pamphlet form as Father Gassoniana.

Later years

Following the death of Daniel DeLeon in 1914, the editorial helm of The People was turned over to Edmund Seidel, an advocate of merger between the Socialist Labor Party with the rival Socialist Party of America. The proposition was controversial within both organizations and such unification was not to be. Seidel was replaced in 1918 by Olive M. Johnson, a consistent opponent of the SPA in the tradition of DeLeon. Johnson was re-elected to the post by the membership of the SLP at its conventions of 1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, and 1936 without opposition.

Johnson retired from the editorial chair in 1938, suffering from a case of tuberculosis which sapped her strength. Some historians believe her to have been forced out by Arnold Petersen, the powerful National Secretary of the organization. Following Johnson's retirement in February 1938, Emil Teichert took over as editor of The People on a temporary basis.

A membership referendum vote was held in 1938 to elect a new permanent editor for the paper, pitting Teichert against Eric Hass, one of the party's National Organizers who had recently completed journalism course work at the University of Kansas. This balloting was won by Hass, who thereby became the 5th official editor of The People.

In the subsequent three decades, the publication maintained a relatively stable weekly circulation, hitting a low of 9,000 in 1925 to a high of 11,450 in 1945, including individual subscriptions and bundle orders for free distribution.

Termination and legacy

As the membership of the SLP declined in the late 20th Century, The People moved from a weekly to a monthly production cycle. In 2003, the paper began to be published every other month, finally terminating in print form effective with the issue of March–April 2008. Thus ended a print run of 117 years — by far the longest continuous run of any socialist or communist publication in the history of American radicalism.

A short-lived effort to revitalize the publication as an on-line quarterly followed, commencing in the Summer of 2008 and ending in the fall of 2009, at which time the publication ceased publication indefinitely.

The People remains readily available to activists and scholars of labor history and radical politics on microfilm, the master negative of which is held by the Wisconsin Historical Society in Madison.

Tim Davenport, et al–Wikipedia


 

1897

Vol. 6, No. 40, January 3, 1897

Vol. 6, No. 41, January 10, 1897

Vol. 6, No. 42, January 17, 1897

Vol. 6, No. 43, January 24, 1897

Vol. 6, No. 44, January 31, 1897

Vol. 6, No. 45, February 7, 1897

Vol. 6, No. 46, February 14, 1897

Vol. 6, No. 47, February 21, 1897

Vol. 6, No. 48, February 28, 1897

Vol. 6, No. 49, March 7, 1897

Vol. 6, No. 50, March 14, 1897

Vol. 6, No. 51, March 21, 1897

Vol. 6, No. 52, March 28, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 1, April 4, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 2, April 11, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 3, April 18, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 4, April 25, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 5, May 2, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 6, May 9, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 7, May 16, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 8, May 23, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 9, May 30, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 10, June 6, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 11, June 13, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 12, June 20, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 13, June 27, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 14, July 4, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 15, July 11, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 16, July 18, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 17, July 25, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 18, August 1, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 19, August 8, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 20, August 15, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 21, August 22, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 22, August 29, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 23, September 5, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 24, September 12, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 25, September 19, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 26, September 26, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 27, October 3, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 28, October 10, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 29, October 17, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 30, October 24, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 31, October 31, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 32, November 7, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 33, November 14, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 34, November 21, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 35, November 28, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 36, December 5, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 37, December 12, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 38, December 19, 1897

Vol. 7, No. 39, December 26, 1897

 

1898

Vol. 7, No. 40, January 2, 1898

Vol. 7, No. 41, January 9, 1898

Vol. 7, No. 42, January 16, 1898

Vol. 7, No. 43, January 23, 1898

Vol. 7, No. 44, January 30, 1898

Vol. 7, No. 45, February 6, 1898

Vol. 7, No. 46, February 13, 1898

Vol. 7, No. 47, February 20, 1898

Vol. 7, No. 48, February 27, 1898

Vol. 7, No. 49, March 6, 1898

Vol. 7, No. 50, , March 13, 1898

Vol. 7, No. 51, March 20, 1898

Vol. 7, No. 52, March 27, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 1, April 3, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 2, April 10, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 3, April 17, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 4, April 25, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 5, May 1, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 6, May 8, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 7, May 15, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 8, May 22, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 9, May 29, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 10, June 5, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 11, June 12, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 12, June 19, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 13, June 26, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 14, July 3, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 15, July 10, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 16, July 17, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 17, July 24, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 18, July 31, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 19, August 7, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 20, August 14, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 21, August 21, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 22, August 28, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 23, September 4, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 24, September 11, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 25, September 18, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 26, September 25, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 27, October 2, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 28, October 9, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 29, October 16, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 30, October 23, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 31, October 30, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 32, November 6, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 33, November 13, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 34, November 20, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 35, November 27, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 36, December 4, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 37, December 11, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 38, December 18, 1898

Vol. 8, No. 39, December 25, 1898

 

1899

Vol. 8, No. 40, January 1, 1899

Vol. 8, No. 41, January 8, 1899

Vol. 8, No. 42, January 15, 1899

Vol. 8, No. 43, January 22, 1899

Vol. 8, No. 44, January 29, 1899

Vol. 8, No. 45, February 5, 1899

Vol. 8, No. 46, February 12, 1899

Vol. 8, No. 47, February 19, 1899

Vol. 8, No. 48, February 26, 1899

Vol. 8, No. 49, March 5, 1899

Vol. 8, No. 50, March 12, 1899

Vol. 8, No. 51, March 19, 1899

Vol. 8, No. 52, March 26, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 1, April 2, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 2, April 9, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 3, April 16, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 4, April 23, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 5, May 1, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 6, May 7, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 7, May 14, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 8, May 21, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 8, May 28, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 10, June 4, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 11, June 11, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 12, June 18, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 13, June 25, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 14, July 2, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 15, July 9, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 16, July 16, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 17, July 23, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 18, July 30, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 19, August 6, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 20, August 13, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 21, August 20, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 22, August 27, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 23, September 3, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 24, September 10, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 25, September 17, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 26, September 24, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 27, October 1, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 28, October 8, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 29, October 15, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 30, October 22, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 31, October 29, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 32, November 5, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 33, November 12, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 34, November 19, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 35, November 26, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 36, December 3, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 37, December 10, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 38, December 17, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 39, December 24, 1899

Vol. 9, No. 40, December 31, 1899

 

1900

Vol. 9, No. 41, January 7, 1900

Vol. 9, No. 42, January 14, 1900

Vol. 9, No. 43, January 21, 1900

Vol. 9, No. 44, January 28, 1900

Vol. 9, No. 45, February 4, 1900

Vol. 9, No. 46, February 11, 1900

Vol. 9, No. 47, February 18, 1900

Vol. 9, No. 48, February 25, 1900

Vol. 9, No. 49, March 7, 1900

Vol. 9, No. 50, March 11, 1900

Vol. 9, No. 51, March 18, 1900

Vol. 9, No. 52, March 25, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 1, April 1, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 2, April 8, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 3, April 15, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 4, April 22, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 5, April 29, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 6, May 6, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 7, May 13, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 8, May 20, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 9, May 27, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 10, June 3, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 11, June 10, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 12, June 17, 1900

 

A this point The People launches a daily edition titled The Daily People. But the Saturday edition is still titled The Weekly People. Below we continue to digitize The Weekly People. The Daily People will be digitized sometime in the future.

 

Vol. 10, No. 13, June 23, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 14, June 30, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 15, July 7, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 16, July 14, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 17, July 21, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 18, July 28, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 19, August 4, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 20, August 11, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 21, August 18, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 22, August 25, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 23, September 1, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 24, September 8, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 25, September 15, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 26, September 22, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 27, September 29, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 28, October 6, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 29, October 13, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 30, October 20, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 31, October 27, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 32, November 3, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 33, November 10, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 34, November 17, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 35, November 24, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 36, December 1, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 37, December 6, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 38, December 15, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 39, December 22, 1900

Vol. 10, No. 40, December 29, 1900

 

1901

Vol. 10, No. 41, January 5, 1901

Vol. 10, No. 42, January 12, 1901

Vol. 10, No. 43, January 19, 1901

Vol. 10, No. 44, January 26, 1901

Vol. 10, No. 45, February 2, 1901

Vol. 10, No. 46, February 9, 1901

Vol. 10, No. 47, February 16, 1901

Vol. 10, No. 48, February 23, 1901

Vol. 10, No. 49, March 2, 1901

Vol. 10, No. 50, March 9, 1901

Vol. 10, No. 51, March 16, 1901

Vol. 10, No. 52, March 23, 1901

Vol. 10, No. 53, March 30, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 1, April 6, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 2, April 13, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 3, April 20, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 4, April 27, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 5, May 4, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 6, May 11, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 7, May 18, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 8, May 25, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 9, June 1, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 10, June 8, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 11, June 15, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 12, June 22, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 13, June 29, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 14, July 6, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 15, July 13, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 16, July 20, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 17, July 27, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 18, August 3, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 19, August 10, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 20, August 17, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 21, August 24, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 22, August 31, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 23, September 7, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 24, September 14, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 25, September 21, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 26, September 28, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 27, October 5, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 28, October 12, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 29, October 19, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 30, October 26, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 31, November 2, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 32, November 9, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 33, November 16, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 34, November 23, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 35, November 30, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 36, December 7, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 37, December 14, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 38, December 21, 1901

Vol. 11, No. 39, December 28, 1901

 

1902

Vol. 11, No.40, January 4, 1902

Vol. 11, No.41, January 11, 1902

Vol. 11, No.42, January 18, 1902

Vol. 11, No.43, January 25, 1902

Vol. 11, No.44, February 1, 1902

Vol. 11, No.45, February 8, 1902

Vol. 11, No.46, February 15, 1902

Vol. 11, No.48, March 1, 1902

Vol. 11, No.49, March 8, 1902

Vol. 11, No. 50, March 15, 1902

Vol. 11, No. 51, March 22, 1902

Vol. 11, No. 52, March 29, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 1, April 5, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 2, April 12, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 3, April 19, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 4, April 26, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 5, May 3, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 7, May 17, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 8, May 24, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 9, May 31, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 10, June 7, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 12, June 21, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 13, June 28, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 14, July 5, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 15, July 12, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 16, July 19, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 17, July 26, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 18, August 2, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 19, August 9, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 20, August 16, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 21, August 23, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 22, August 30, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 23, September 6, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 24, September 13, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 25, September 20, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 26, September 27, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 27, October 4, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 28, October 11, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 29, October 18, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 30, October 25, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 31, November 1, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 32, November 8, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 33, November 15, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 34, November 22, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 35, November 29, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 36, December 6, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 37, December 13, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 38, December 20, 1902

Vol. 12, No. 39, December 27, 1902

 

1903

Vol. 12, No. 40, January 3, 1903

Vol. 12, No. 41, January 10, 1903

Vol. 12, No. 42, January 17, 1903

Vol. 12, No. 43, January 24, 1903

Vol. 12, No. 44, January 31, 1903

Vol. 12, No. 45, February 7, 1903

Vol. 12, No. 46, February 14, 1903

Vol. 12, No. 47, February 21, 1903

Vol. 12, No. 48, February 28, 1903

Vol. 12, No. 49, March 7, 1903

Vol. 12, No. 50, March 14, 1903

Vol. 12, No. 51, March 21, 1903

Vol. 12, No. 52, March 28, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 1, April 4, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 2, April 11, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 3, April 18, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 4, April 25, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 5, May 2, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 6, May 9, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 7, May 16, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 8, May 23, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 9, May 30, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 10, June 6, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 11, June 13, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 12, June 20, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 13, June 27, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 14, July 4, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 15, July 11, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 16, July 18, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 17, July 25, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 18, August 1, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 19, August 8, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 20, August 15, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 21, August 22, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 22, August 29, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 23, September 5, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 24, September 12, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 25, September 19, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 26, September 26, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 27, October 3, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 28, October 10, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 29, October 17, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 30, October 24, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 31, October 31, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 32, November 7, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 33, November 14, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 34, November 21, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 35, November 28, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 36, December 5, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 37, December 12, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 38, December 19, 1903

Vol. 13, No. 39, December 26, 1903

 

1904

Vol. 13, No. 40, January 2, 1904

Vol. 13, No. 41, January 9, 1904

Vol. 13, No. 42, January 16, 1904

Vol. 13, No. 43, January 23, 1904

Vol. 13, No. 44, January 30, 1904

Vol. 13, No. 45, February 6, 1904

Vol. 13, No. 46, February 13, 1904

Vol. 13, No. 47, February 20, 1904

Vol. 13, No. 48, February 27, 1904

Vol. 13, No. 49, March 5, 1904

Vol. 13, No. 50, March 12, 1904

Vol. 13, No. 51, March 19, 1904

Vol. 13, No. 52, March 26, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 1, April 2, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 2, April 9, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 3, April 16, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 4, April 23, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 5, April 30, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 6, May 7, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 7, May 14, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 8, May 21, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 9, May 28, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 10, June 4, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 11, June 11, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 12, June 18, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 13, June 25, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 14, July 2, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 15, July 9, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 16, July 16, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 17, July 23, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 18, July 30, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 19, August 6, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 20, August 13, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 21, August 20, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 22, August 27, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 23, September 3, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 24, September 10, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 25, September 17, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 26, September 24, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 27, October 1, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 28, October 8, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 29, October 15, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 30, October 22, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 31, October 29, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 32, November 5, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 33, November 12, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 34, November 19, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 35, November 26, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 36, December 3, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 37, December 10, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 38, December 17, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 39, December 24, 1904

Vol. 14, No. 40, December 31, 1904

 

1905

Vol. 14, No. 41, January 7, 1905

Vol. 14, No. 42, January 14, 1905

Vol. 14, No. 43, January 21, 1905

Vol. 14, No. 44, January 28, 1905

Vol. 14, No. 45, February 4, 1905

Vol. 14, No. 46, February 11, 1905

Vol. 14, No. 47, February 18, 1905

Vol. 14, No. 48, February 25, 1905

Vol. 14, No. 49, March 4, 1905

Vol. 14, No. 50, March 11, 1905

Vol. 14, No. 51, March 18, 1905

Vol. 14, No. 52, March 25, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 1, April 1, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 2, April 8, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 3, April 15, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 4, April 22, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 5, April 29, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 6, May 6, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 7, May 13, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 8, May 20, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 9, May 27, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 10, June 3, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 11, June 10, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 12, June 17, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 13, June 24, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 14, July 1, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 15, July 8, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 16, July 15, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 17, July 22, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 18, July 29, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 19, August 5, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 20, August 12, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 21, August 19, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 22, August 26, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 23, September 2, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 24, September 9, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 25, September 16, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 26, September 23, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 27, September 30, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 28, October 7, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 29, October 14, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 30, October 21, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 31, October 28, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 32, November 4, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 33, November 11, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 34, November 18, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 35, November 25, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 36, December 2, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 37, December 9, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 38, December 16, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 39, December 23, 1905

Vol. 15, No. 40, December 30, 1905

 

1906

Vol. 15, No. 41, January 6, 1906

Vol. 15, No. 42, January 13, 1906

Vol. 15, No. 43, January 20, 1906

Vol. 15, No. 44, January 27, 1906

Vol. 15, No. 45, February 3, 1906

Vol. 15, No. 46, February 10, 1906

Vol. 15, No. 47, February 17, 1906

Vol. 15, No. 48, February 24, 1906

Vol. 15, No. 49, March 3, 1906

Vol. 15, No. 50, March 10, 1906

Vol. 15, No. 51, March 17, 1906

Vol. 15, No. 52, March 24, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 1, March 31, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 2, April 7, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 3, April 12, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 4, April 14, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 5, April 28, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 6, May 5, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 7, May 12, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 8, May 19, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 9, May 26, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 10, June 2, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 11, June 9, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 12, June 16, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 13, June 23, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 14, June 30, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 15, July 7, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 16, July 14, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 17, July 21, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 18, July 28, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 19, August 4, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 20, August 11, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 21, August 18, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 22, August 25, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 23, September 1, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 24, September 8, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 25, September 15, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 26, September 22, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 27, September 29, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 28, October 6, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 30, October 20, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 31, October 27, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 32, November 4, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 33, November 10, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 34, November 17, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 35, November 24, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 36, December 1, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 37 , December 8, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 3, December 15, 1906

Vol. 16, No. 40, December 29, 1906

 

1907

Vol. 16, No. 41, January 5, 1907

Vol. 16, No. 42, January 12, 1907

Vol. 16, No. 43, January 19, 1907

Vol. 16, No. 44, January 26, 1907

Vol. 16, No. 45, February 2, 1907

Vol. 16, No. 46, February 9, 1907

Vol. 16, No. 47, February 16, 1907

Vol. 16, No. 48, February 23, 1907

Vol. 16, No. 49, March 2, 1907

Vol. 16, No. 50, March 9, 1907

Vol. 16, No. 51, March 16, 1907

Vol. 16, No. 52, March 23, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 1, March 30, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 2, April 6, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 3, April 13, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 4, April 20, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 5, April 27, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 6, May 4, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 7, May 11, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 8, May 18, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 9, May 25, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 10, June 1, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 11, June 8, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 12, June 15, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 13, June 22, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 14, June 29, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 15, July 6, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 16, July 13, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 17, July 20, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 18, July 27, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 19, August 3, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 20, August 10, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 21, August 17, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 22, August 21, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 23, August 31, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 24, September 7, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 25, September 14, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 26, September 21, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 27, September 28, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 28, October 5, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 29, October 12, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 30, October 19, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 31, October 26, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 32, November 2, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 33, November 9, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 34, November 16, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 35, November 23, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 36, November 30, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 37, December 7, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 38, December 14, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 39, December 21, 1907

Vol. 17, No. 40, December 28, 1907

 

1908

Vol. 17, No. 41, January 4, 1908

Vol. 17, No. 42, January 11, 1908

Vol. 17, No. 43, January 18, 1908

Vol. 17, No. 44, January 25, 1908

Vol. 17, No. 45, February 1, 1908

Vol. 17, No. 46, February 8, 1908

Vol. 17, No. 47, February 15, 1908

Vol. 17, No. 48, February 22, 1908

Vol. 17, No. 49, February 29, 1908

Vol. 17, No. 50, March 7, 1908

Vol. 17, No. 51, March 14, 1908

Vol. 17, No. 52, March 21, 1908

Vol. 17, No. 53, March 28, 1908

 


 

Last updated on 5 April 2019